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Cyrtodactylus annandalei BAUER, 2003

IUCN Red List - Cyrtodactylus annandalei - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus annandalei BAUER 2003
Cyrtodactylus annandalei — GRISMER et al. 2018 
DistributionMyanmar (Burma)

Type locality: Gon Nyin Bin Camp, Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park, Monywa District, Sagaing Division, Myanmar (22°14’51.1’’N, 94°37’19.3’’E)  
TypesHolotype: CAS 215722 
DiagnosisDEFINITION.— A small sized Cyrtodactylus, snout-vent length 49–55 mm; body relatively slender, limbs, and especially digits, short; one pair of enlarged postmental scales in broad contact behind mental; dorsum relatively smooth textured, with 16–18 rows of small, keeled tubercles; 43 ventral scales across midbody; no precloacal groove, 11–12 precloacal pores in a single series in both males and females, 10–11 femoral pores in males, separated from precloacal series by a diastema. Ten subdigital lamellae beneath 4th toe of pes distal to digital inflection. Subcaudal scalation of original tail with alternating rows forming wide transverse plates. Dorsal pattern of 6 dark bands (one each on occiput and nape, four on trunk and sacrum) or rows of transversely arranged spots, with narrow whitish borders. Dorsum of head patternless. Tail with alternating light and dark banding.

DIAGNOSIS.— Cyrtodactylus annandalei may be distinguished from all congeners on the basis of its relatively short digits, series of 8–12 precloacal pores separated by a diastema from 4-12 femoral pores on each thigh, no precloacal groove or enlarged femoral scales, dorsal tubercles small, in 16–18 longitudinal rows, ventral scales in 43 rows, alternate subcaudal scales enlarged transversely, and dorsal color pattern, including occipital, nape, and four additional dark body bands (or series of spots), and patternless head dorsum.
The new species is superficially most similar to C. consobrinoides (Annandale, 1905 a; Annandale 1905b), from which it differs in having a smaller number of thicker dark crossbands (6–7 vs. 8–9), no enlarged femoral scales, femoral pores present and separated from precloacal scales by a diastema, a larger number of ventral scale rows (43 vs. 20–30, although this count is somewhat arbitrary in the absence of ventrolateral folds as lateral landmarks for such counts), and a patternless head dorsum. It also lacks the light borders around the dorsal markings illustrated by Annandale (1913) in his redescription of the holotype of C. consobrinoides. A specimen from Molmein (Mawlamyine), provisionally referred to C. consobrinoides by Smith (1935) has 40 ventral scale rows and only six dorsal bands and may be referable to C. annandalei, although the huge distance (ca. 680 km) between Mawlamyine and the type locality make this unlikely. Comparisons with other species are provided following the description of all new taxa. 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Nelson Annandale (1876–1924), founder and director of the Zoological Survey of India. 
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; STEPHEN MAHONY, VARAD B. GIRI, R. CHAITANYA, AARON M. BAUER 2018. Six new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeast India. Zootaxa 4524 (5): 501–535 - get paper here
  • Annandale, N. 1905. Notes on some Oriental geckos in the Indian Museum, Calcutta, with descriptions of new tons. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 15:26-32 - get paper here
  • Annandale, N. 1913. The Indian geckos of the genus Gymnodactylus. Records of the Indian Museum 9: 309-326. - get paper here
  • Annandale, Nelson 1905. Contributions to Oriental Herpetology. Suppl. II. Notes on the Oriental lizards in the Indian Museum, with a list of the species recorded from British India and Ceylon. J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (2) 1: 81-93 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. Descriptions of seven new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with a key to the species of Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54: 463-498 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Grismer LL, Wood PL Jr, Quah ESH, Murdoch ML, Grismer MS, Herr MW, Espinoza RE, Brown RM, Lin A. 2018. A phylogenetic taxonomy of the Cyrtodactylus peguensis group (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with descriptions of two new species from Myanmar. PeerJ 6: e5575 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Sumontha, M., Panitvong, N. & Deein, G. 2010. Cyrtodactylus auribalteatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave- dwelling gecko from Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2370: 53–64 - get paper here
  • TRI, NGO VAN 2013. Cyrtodactylus dati, a new forest dwelling Bent-toed Gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3616 (2): 151–164 - get paper here
  • Youmans, Timothy M. & L. Lee Grismer 2006. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 10 (1): 61-70
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