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Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis LIU, LI, HOU, ORLOV & ANANJEVA, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Gulinqing Bent-Toed Gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus gulinqingensis LIU, LI, HOU, ORLOV & ANANJEVA 2021 
DistributionChina (Yunnan)

Type locality: Gulinqing Nature Reserve (22°43’11’’ N 103°58’24’’ E, 600 m a.s.l. elevation), Bojia Village, Gulinqing Township, Maguan County, Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. KIZ 061813, collected on 03 August, 2017 by Qisheng Li.
Paratypes. KIZ 061814, adult female; KIZ 061815, subadult male; and KIZ 061816, 061817 two juveniles; the same collection data as the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: medium body size (SVL 82.9 – 83.9 mm in adults); ventrolateral folds present, without interspersed tubercles; 7 – 9 precloacal pores in a continuous series; 13 – 15 enlarged femoral scales on each thigh; 13 – 15 femoral pores on each thigh in adult males, 1 – 3 femoral pores on each thigh in adult females, femoral pores continuous with precloacal pores; 1 – 4 postcloacal tubercles on each side; 17 – 20 lamellae under finger IV, 19 – 23 lamellae under toe IV; one row of subcaudals enlarged; a black postocular streak extending from posterior corner of eye rearwards to above tympanum; nuchal loop discontinuous; 6 – 7 black irregular dorsal bands between limb insertions, most bands discontinuous (from Liu et al. 2021).

Color of holotype in life. Dorsal ground color light yellow; dorsal surface of head with irregular brownish black markings, largest at occiput; nuchal loop discontinuous, breaks at the middle; a black postocular streak extending from posterior corner of eye rearwards to above tympanum, in contact with nuchal loop; neck with three large black blotches, forming a discontinuous transverse band; dorsum with seven black transverse bands between fore and hind limb insertions, edged by yellow tubercles, first six bands discontinuous and last bands continuous; dorsal surfaces of limbs with brownish black bands; a black band on dorsal tail base; dorsal surface of regenerated tail light yellow with some dark spots; ventral surface of head, limbs, and body pinkish white, precloacal region grayish black; ventral surface of regenerated tail brownish black with yellowish white marbling; iris bronze (from Liu et al. 2021).

Variations. The paratypes resemble the holotype except that the subadult male KIZ 061815 has no pore-bearing scales but nine pitted precloacal scales and 15G14 pitted femoral scales; the adult female KIZ 061814 has seven pitted precloacal scales, and four pitted femoral scales; the juveniles KIZ 061816 and KIZ 061817 have no pore-bearing or pitted scales; and other morphometric and meristic differences are presented in Table 2. Color pattern variations are large, nuchal loop breaks at the middle or breaks multiply; black postocular streak in contact with nuchal loop or not; the black bands on the back varies from six to seven and more regular or more irregular; black and white rings on the tail varies from eight to ten; besides, the precloacal region is not dark colored in females (from Liu et al. 2021).

Comparisons. Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. is distinguishable from all other members of the C. chauquangensis species group by a unique combination of morphological characters. Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. cucphuongensis by having distinctly enlarged femoral scales, precloacal pores, and femoral pores (vs. femoral scales indistinctly enlarged, precloacal pores and femoral pores absent).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. bobrovi, C. chauquangensis, C. houaphanensis, C. otai, C. spelaeus, and C. wayakonei by having enlarged femo-
Fig. 7. The paratype (KIZ 061814) of Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. in life: dorsal (A), lateral (B), and ventral (C) views.
ral scales and femoral pores (vs. lacking enlarged femoral scales and femoral pores).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. puhuensis, C. martini, and C. taybacensis by having femoral pores (vs. lacking femoral pores).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. auribalteatus, C. bichnganae, C. doisuthep, C. dumnuii, C. erythrops, C. ngoiensis, and C. zhenkangensis by femoral pores continuous with precloacal pores (vs. femoral pores separated from precloacal pores by several poreless scales).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. vilaphongi by having precloacal pores in females (vs. lacking precloacal pores in females) and having distinctly enlarged femoral scales in females (femoral scales indistinctly enlarged in females).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. huongsonensis by having more precloacal pores in males (7 – 9 vs. 6), femoral pores continuous with precloacal pores (vs. femoral pores separated from precloacal pores by several poreless scales), nuchal loop discontinuous (nuchal loop continuous), and having more dark dorsal bands between limb insertions (6 – 7 vs. 5).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. sonlaensis by having relatively less enlarged femoral scales each thigh (13 – 15 vs. 15 – 17), femoral pores continuous and continuous with precloacal pores (vs. femoral pores discontinuous or discontinuous with precloacal pores), precloacal pores and femoral pores present in females (vs. precloacal pores and femoral pores absent in females), postcloacal tubercles up to four on each side (vs. up to three), and having more dark dorsal bands between limb insertions (6 – 7 vs. 5).
Cyrtodactylus gulinqingensis sp. nov. differs from C. soni by having relatively smaller body size (SVL 82.9 – 83.9 mm vs. 88.7 – 103 mm), femoral pores continuous with precloacal pores (vs. femoral pores separated from precloacal pores by several poreless scales), and postcloacal tubercles up to four on each side (vs. up to three) (from Liu et al. 2021). 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet refers to Gulinqing Nature Reserve, the locality where the new species was found. The Chinese name was not copyable from the original description. 
References
  • Liu, Shuo; Qisheng Li, Mian Hou, Nikolai L. Orlov, Natalia B. Ananjeva 2021. A New Species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from Southern Yunnan, China. Russian Journal of Herpetology 28 (4): 185-196 - get paper here
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
 
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