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Cyrtodactylus jaintiaensis AGARWAL, MAHONY, GIRI, CHAITANYA & BAUER, 2018

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus jaintiaensis AGARWAL, MAHONY, GIRI, CHAITANYA & BAUER 2018
Cyrtodactylus jaintianensis — OSTROWSKI et al. 2020 (in error) 
DistributionIndia (Meghalaya)

Type locality: vicinity of Tyrshi Falls near Jowai town, West Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya state, India (25.46956°N, 92.18313°E, 1350 m asl)  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2248, adult female, field number CES09/1228), collected by Tarun Khichi, Aniruddha Datta-Roy and Ishan Agarwal on 15 November 2010. Paratypes. Adult males (BNHS 2246 & BNHS 2247), bear the same collection data as holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Cyrtodactylus jaintiaensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all congeners by its large body size (SVL to at least 96.2 mm); eight or nine supralabials; nine or 10 infralabials; 19 or 20 longitudinal rows of rounded, conical, feebly keeled dorsal tubercles; tubercles extending to third tail segment; 30–34 paravertebral tubercles; 40–42 ventral scales between ventrolateral folds; no precloacal groove; 11 or 12 precloacal pores on males and females, no femoral pores; a row of enlarged scales posterior to precloacal pore-bearing scales, slightly larger than pore-bearing scales; 15–18 total subdigital lamellae beneath toe IV of pes; subcaudal scalation of original tail without enlarged subcaudals; dorsal pattern of indistinct light and dark blotches; tail with alternating dark and lighter bands.

Comparisons. Cyrtodactylus jaintiaensis sp. nov. is a member of the mountain clade and is the poorly supported sister lineage to C. montanus sp. nov. and C. sp. Mizoram, and is separated from members of the clade by pairwise uncorrected genetic distance of approximately 18.7–21.4%. Cyrtodactylus jaintiaensis sp. nov. can be diagnosed by its large body size (SVL up to 96 mm), and the presence of 11 or 12 precloacal pores in a single series in males from C. chrysopylos (SVL up to 79 mm, enlarged pore-bearing post-precloacal scales in males), and C. gansi (SVL up to 63 mm, 16–29 PcFP). Cyrtodactylus jaintiaensis sp. nov. can be diagnosed by its reticulate dorsal pattern from C. brevidactylus (3–dark dorsal blotches between nape and sacrum). The differentiation of C. jaintiaensis sp. nov. from C. montanus sp. nov., and C. nagalandensis sp. nov. is detailed following their descriptions. Major diagnostic characters for the new species and regional congeners are summarized in Table 3 (in Agarwal et al. 2018). 
CommentHabitat: The geckos were spotted at night by eye-shine on vertical rock faces. The landscape is made up of patches of forest in an agricultural matrix. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a toponym named after the type locality of the new species in the Jaintia Hills, West Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya. 
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; STEPHEN MAHONY, VARAD B. GIRI, R. CHAITANYA, AARON M. BAUER 2018. Six new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeast India. Zootaxa 4524 (5): 501–535 - get paper here
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