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Cyrtodactylus jellesmae (BOULENGER, 1897)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Kabaena Bow-fingeredGecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus jellesmae BOULENGER 1897: 203
Gymnodactylus jellesmae — DE ROOIJ 1915: 8
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) jellesmae — WERMUTH 1965: 55
Cyrtodactylus jellesmae — KRAMER 1979
Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) jellesmae — RÖSLER 2000: 66
Cyrtodactylus jellesmae — OLIVER et al. 2011 
DistributionIndonesia (Celebes = Sulawesi, Kabaena, Cel/Masarang)

Type locality: restricted to Masarang, Celebes  
TypesLectotype: NMBA = NHMB 2660, male, Buol, Sulawesi; paratypes or paralectotypes: NMB-REPT 2661, male, 2659, 5134, Masarang, Sulawesi (listed as lectotype by Kramer 1978, without explicit lectotype designation); originally 7 specimens (syntypes), including BMNH 1946.2.23.14. 
DiagnosisDescription: Head large, depressed, oviform; snout longer than the diameter of the orbit, which equals its distance from the ear-opening; forehead concave; ear-opening large, oval, slightly oblique, about half the diameter of the eye. Head granular, the granules largest on the snout, with very small tubercles in the occipital and temporal regions. Rostral nearly twice as broad as deep, with M-shaped upper border, with or without median cleft above; nostril bordered by the rostral, the first labial and three or four scales. Ten to twelve upper and ten or eleven lower labials; mental triangular, more broad than long; two pair of chin-shields, median largest and forming a suture behind the mental. Gular scales minute. Body covered above with small granules intermixed with small roundish, feebly keeled tubercles; lateral fold very indistinct. Ventral scales verysmall,cycloid, imbricate, smooth, 40 -45 across the middle of the belly. No praeanal or femoral pores; the lower surface of the thighs in both sexes covered with uniform granules without any enlarged scales. Tail round, tapering, covered with uniform, small, flat scales; a few enlarged, nail-shaped tubercles form transverse series on the upper basal part of the tail. Limbs long; digits strong, slightly depressed at the base, strongly compressed in the distal part; the basal phalanx with transverse plates inferiorly (de Rooij 1915: 8).

Coloration: Pale brown above, with small darker spots and V- or M-shaped cross bands on the back; a dark temporal streak, beginning at the eye. Tail with dark annuli. Lower parts brownish (de Rooij 1915: 8).

Size: Length of head and body 63 mm; tail (reproduced) 52 mm (de Rooij 1915: 8).  
CommentIllustrations: Photo in Elaphe 19 (2): 17 [2011] 
EtymologyNamed after Mr. E. J. Jellesma, “resident of Manado, to whom the Drs. Sarasin are indebted for much assistance during their expedition from Manado to Gonotalo and their stain the Minahassa” (Boulenger 1897: 204). 
  • Amarasinghe, A. A.; Awal Riyanto, Mumpuni & Lee L. Grismer 2020. A NEW BENT-TOED GECKO SPECIES OF THE GENUS Cyrtodactylus GRAY, 1827 (SQUAMATA: GEKKONIDAE) FROM THE WEST BALI NATIONAL PARK, BALI, INDONESIA. TAPROBANICA 9 (1): 59–70, pls. 22–24. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. A catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Celebes with special reference to the collections made by Drs P & F Sarasin in 1893-1896. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 193-237 [p228-237: batrachia] - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • HARTMANN, LUKAS; SVEN MECKE, MAX KIECKBUSCH, FELIX MADER, HINRICH KAISER 2016. A new species of bent-toed gecko, genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Jawa Timur Province, Java, Indonesia, with taxonomic remarks on C. fumosus (Müller, 1895). Zootaxa 4067 (5): 552–568 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, D.; Rachmansah, A. & Umilaela 2011. A new bent-toed gecko of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) from Mount Tompotika, eastern peninsula of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Zootaxa 2838: 65–78 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Koch, André, Evy A. Arida and Wolfgang Böhme 2007. Zwischenbericht über die Herpetofauna Sulawesis unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gattung Varanus: phylogeographische Beziehungen zu angrenzenden Gebieten. Elaphe 15 (3):42-52
  • Koch, André; Arida, Evy; Riyanto, Awal & Böhme, Wolfgang 2009. Islands between the realms: A revised checklist of the herpetofauna of the Talaud archipelago, Indonesia, with a discussion about its biogeographic affinities. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56 (1/2): 107-129 [2007] - get paper here
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. [type catalogue] Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Jimmy A. McGuire, Christopher J. Hayden, Mohammed Iqbal Setiadi, David P. Bickford, and Rafe M. Brown 2008. A New Species of Bent-Toe Gecko (Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Sulawesi Island, Eastern Indonesia. Herpetologica 64 (2): 224-234 - get paper here
  • Mecke, Sven; Lukas Hartmann, Felix Mader, Max Kieckbusch, Hinrich Kaiser 2016. Redescription of Cyrtodactylus fumosus (Müller, 1895) (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae), with a revised identification key to the bent-toed geckos of Sulawesi. Acta Herpetologica 11 (2): 151-160 - get paper here
  • MECKE, SVEN; MAX KIECKBUSCH, LUKAS HARTMANN, HINRICH KAISER 2016. Historical considerations and comments on the type series of Cyrtodactylus marmoratus Gray, 1831, with an updated comparative table for the bent-toed geckos of the Sunda Islands and Sulawesi. Zootaxa 4175 (4): 353–365 - get paper here
  • Ngo, Van Tri 2008. Two new cave-dwelling species of Cyrtodactylus Gray (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Southwestern Vietnam. Zootaxa 1909: 37–51 - get paper here
  • OLIVER , PAUL; PAUL EDGAR, MUMPUNI, DJOKO T. ISKANDAR & RON LILLEY 2009. A new species of bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus: Gekkonidae) from Seram Island, Indonesia. Zootaxa 2115: 47-55 - get paper here
  • RIYANTO, AWAL; AARON M. BAUER & DONAN SATRIA YUDHA 2014. A new small karst-dwelling species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Java, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3785 (4): 589–599 - get paper here
  • RIYANTO, AWAL; HELLEN KURNIATI, ANDREW ENGILIS, JR 2016. A new Bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Mekongga Mountains, South East Sulawesi, Indonesia. . Zootaxa 4109 (1): 059-072 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Roux,J. 1911. Elbert-Sunda-Expedition des Frankfurter Vereins für Geographie und Statistik. Reptilien und Amphibien. Zool. Jahrb. Syst., Jena, 30 (5): 495-508 - get paper here
  • Wanger, T. C., I. Motzke, S. Saleh & D. T. Iskandar 2011. The amphibians and reptiles of the Lore Lindu National Park area, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Salamandra 47 (1): 17-29 - get paper here
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