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Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis AGARWAL, MAHONY, GIRI, CHAITANYA & BAUER, 2018

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus kazirangaensis AGARWAL, MAHONY, GIRI, CHAITANYA & BAUER 2018 
DistributionIndia (Assam)

Type locality: near Hatikhuli Tea Estate, Golaghat district, Assam state, India (26.57810°N, 93.40701°E, 100 m asl)  
TypesHolotype. BNHS 2148, adult male, field number CES09/1137) collected by Ishan Agarwal on 11 November 2009. Paratypes. Adult males (BNHS 2147, BNHS 2149) bear the same collection data as the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all congeners by its moderate body size (SVL to at least 80.0 mm); 11 or 12 supralabials; 9–11 infralabials; 22 or 23 longitudinal rows of rounded, feebly keeled dorsal tubercles; tubercles not extending beyond first segment of tail; 36–38 paravertebral tubercles; 37–43 ventral scales between ventrolateral folds; no precloacal groove; 10 or 11 precloacal pores and no femoral pores in males; 14–19 total subdigital lamellae beneath toe IV of pes; subcaudal scalation of original tail without enlarged plates; dorsal pattern composed of six or seven irregular light and dark crossbars; tail with alternating dark and light bands.

Comparisons. Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis sp. nov. is a member of the lowland clade and differs from other species by 14.7–19.7 % uncorrected genetic distance. Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis sp. nov. can be diagnosed by the presence of 10 or 11 precloacal pores and absence of femoral pores on males from C. ayeyarwadyensis (10–28 PcP–PcFP), Cyrtodactylus guwahatiensis sp. nov. (26 PcFPs in a discontinuous series), and C. tripuraensis (29–37 PcFP). Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis sp. nov. can be further diagnosed by having more ventral scales (37–43 MVSR) than C. ayeyarwadyensis (32–37 MVSR). Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis sp. nov. is very similar morphologically to C. khasiensis from which it differs in the ear to eye distance being proportionately less than snout to eye distance (EE/SE 0.67–0.69 vs. 0.70–0.77), and ear to eye distance proportionately less than nostril to eye distance (EE/NE 0.81–0.88 vs. 0.90–1.01). Cyrtodactylus kazirangaensis sp. nov. is diagnosed against C. septentrionalis sp. nov. after its description. Major diagnostic characters for the new species and other regional congeners are summarized in Table 3 (in Agarwal et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a toponym for Kaziranga National Park, which is adjacent to the type locality. Kaziranga, a World Heritage Site, is best known for having most of the world’s surviving Indian one- horned rhinoceros, though it has high biodiversity across taxonomic groups. 
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; STEPHEN MAHONY, VARAD B. GIRI, R. CHAITANYA, AARON M. BAUER 2018. Six new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeast India. Zootaxa 4524 (5): 501–535 - get paper here
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