You are here » home advanced search Cyrtodactylus subsolanus

Cyrtodactylus subsolanus BATUWITA & BAHIR, 2005

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cyrtodactylus subsolanus?

Add your own observation of
Cyrtodactylus subsolanus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus subsolanus BATUWITA & BAHIR 2005 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: in a cardamom plantation at Dolahena Estate, near Morningside Forest Reserve, adjacent to and east of the SinharajaWorld Heritage Site, Ratnapura District (06°25’10”N, 80°36’30”E, elevation 850 m).  
TypesHolotype: NMSL (= WHT) 5999, adult male (99.5 mm SVL), (a 10 mm portion removed from tail tip and preserved inethanol). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Cyrtodactylus subsolanus is distinguished from all other congeners by the combination of the following characters: subdigital lamellae beneath proximal portion of 4th digit of manus, 9–10; beneath distal portion, 12–1; basal lamellae under proximal portion as wide as digit width. Subdigital lamellae beneath proximal portion of 4th digit of pes, 8–10, beneath distal portion, 1–14; 1–4 fragmented basal lamellae beneath distal portion of each digit; no precloacal groove; 5 precloacal pores in males; claws long (ClawLM/ ForeaL ratio 0.11–0.12; ClawLP/ CrusLratio 0.12–0.15); mental subtriangular. Scales across mid-body between ventrolateral folds, 0–2. Dorsal scales across mid-body between ventrolateral folds, 60–65. Tubercles on paravertebral row, 21–26 (tubercles absent on neck). Dorsal tubercles at mid-body in 6–8 rows. Ventral scales imbricate to subimbricate, imbricate on groin, with rounded posterior edges. Original tail shorter than body (TailL/ SVL ratiorange 0.9–0.96). Cyrtodactylus subsolanus resembles C. cracens new species and C. fraenatus. It may be distinguished from the latter by its indistinct dorsal pattern, vs. distinct dorsal pattern; and from former by having a broader head (HeadW/HeadL ratio 0.71–0.72) and raised dorsal tubercles, vs. narrower head (HeadW/HeadL ratio 0.65) and flattened dorsal tubercles; and also its comparatively short claws. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “subsolanus” for ‘eastern’, a reference to the restriction of this species to the eastern border of the Sinharaja World Heritage Site. 
  • Batuwita, S. & M. M. Bahir 2005. Description of five new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Sri Lanka. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 351-380 - get paper here
  • JANZEN, P. 2021. Morningside – ein herpetologisches Highlight Sri Lankas Sauria 43 (1): 9-37 - get paper here
  • Janzen, Peter and Malaka Bopage 2011. The herpetofauna of a small and unprotected patch of tropical rainforest in Morningside, Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Samarawickrama, V.A.M.P.K.; H.I.G.C. Kumara, D.R.N.S. Samarawickrama 2019. Diversity of Reptiles in the Eastern and Southern parts of the Sinharaja Rain Forest. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator