You are here » home advanced search search results Daboia russelii

Daboia russelii (SHAW & NODDER, 1797)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Daboia russelii?

Add your own observation of
Daboia russelii »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Russel’s Viper
G: Kettenviper 
SynonymColuber Russelii [sic] SHAW & NODDER 1797: plate 291
Vipera elegans DAUDIN 1803: 447
Daboia elegans — GRAY 1842: 69
Daboia pulchella GRAY 1842: 69
Daboia Russellii GRAY 1849
Daboia elegans — SHORTT 1863: 384
Vipera Russellii STRAUCH 1869
Vipera russelli — SMITH 1943: 482
Vipera russelli nordicus DERANIYAGALA 1945
Daboia russelii — OBST 1983
Daboia (Daboia) russelli pulchella — OBST 1983
Daboia russelli russelli — WELCH 1994: 51
Daboia russellii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 434
Daboia russelii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 371
Vipera russelli — SHARMA 2004
Daboia russelii — THORPE et al. 2007
Daboia russelii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 208
Daboia russelli — GAYEN et al. 2019 (in error) 
DistributionPakistan, India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Northern Bengal, Telangana, Odisha), Nepal, Sri Lanka (elevation up to 1500 m), Bangladesh, Bhutan

Type locality: Coromandel Coast [India]  
Reproductionovoviviparous, 5-50 live offspring. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.20.92
Holotype: NSMT H03312 [formosensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: No sensory pit between nostril and eye; head very distinct from neck, above covered by small, keeled, imbricate scales, 6–9 between narrow supraoculars; nostril large, in large nasal shield which, below, is fused to the rostral; eye, with vertically elliptic pupil, surrounded by 10–15 small scales, 3–4 rows of small scales separating the circumocular scales from the upper labials; temporals small; 10–12 upper labials; 27–33 longitudinal rows of scales at midbody, all except outmost row strongly keeled; ventrals 153–180; subcaudals 41–64, all paired; color above light brown with 3 longitudinal series of large black-margined brown spots or blotches, the vertebral series often merging to form a chain-like longitudinal stripe, occasionally an additional longitudinal series of small dark spots between vertebral and lateral series; yellowish white below occasionally with dark brown markings. Total length to 1600 mm are not uncommon (fide Smith 1943:484). [after LEVITON 2003] 
CommentVenomous! Possibly the most common of the dangerously venomous snakes occurring in southern Asia, and responsible for more than half of all reported snakebites.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Subspecies: Wüster (1998) recognized only russelii and siamensis as subspecies. Daboia russelii siamensis (SMITH 1917) has been elevated to full species status.

Type species: Daboia elegans Gray, 1842 is the type species of the genus Daboia GRAY 1842.

Phylogenetics: for a recent phylogeny of this and related Viperinae see Šmíd & Tolley 2019.

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Maxhoservipera Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Daboia.

NCBI taxonID: 97228 [pulchella] 
EtymologyNamed for Patrick Russell [sic!], author of “Indian Serpents” (1796). However, SHAW consistently spelled both Russell and the species epithet with a single “l”, therefore the name has to be russelii in accordance with the Code. For an extensive discussion of the nomenclatural history of this species see MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999 and ADLER et al. 2000. For biographical and other information on Russell see the series of papers in Hamadryad (2015/2016). 
  • Adil, Saba; Shermeen Ijaz, Hira Aslam, Rimsha Kanwal and Sehrish Afsheen 2020. Diversity of amphibians and reptiles in Daphar Forest Sanctuary, district Mandi Bahauddin, Pakistan. Journal of Wildlife and Ecology 4(1):15-26
  • Adler, K., Hobart M. Smith, S. H. Prince, P. David & D. Chiszar 2000. Russell's Viper: Daboia russelii not Daboia russellii, due to Classical Latin rules. Hamadryad 25 (2): 83-85. - get paper here
  • Adler, Kraig. 2015. The planning and publication history of Patrick Russell's classic book, "Indian Serpents". Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 12-17 - get paper here
  • Avadhani, R. 2005. Snakes of India. Reptilia (GB) (41): 32-37 - get paper here
  • Avadhani, R. 2006. Vipera russelli - The dreaded Russell’s viper. Reptilia (GB) (46): 50-53 - get paper here
  • Bannermann, W.B. 1907. Note on the Breeding of Snakes in captivity. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 208 - get paper here
  • Bannermann, W.B. 1907. Note on the breeding of Russell's Viper (Vipera russelli) in captivity. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 808-811 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 2015. Patrick Russell's snakes and their role as type specimens. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 18-65 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M., Gernot Vogel and Patrick D. Campbell. 2015. A preliminary consideration of the dry snake skin specimens of Patrick Russell. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 73-84 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bhattarai S, Pokheral CP, Lamichhane BR, Regmi UR, Ram AK, Subedi N. 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of Parsa National Park, Nepal. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 12(1): 35–48 (e155)
  • Bhattarai S., Gurung A., Lamichhane BR., Regmi R., Dhungana M., Kumpakha B. and Subedi N. 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of Chure Range, Nepal. President Chure Terai-Madhesh Conservation Development Board and National Trust for Nature Conservation, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Botejue, W. Madhava S.; Jayantha Wattavidanage 2012. Herpetofaunal diversity and distribution in Kalugala proposed forest reserve, Western province of Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 65-80(e38). - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1958. Note on Vipera russelii (Shaw). Zoologische Mededelingen 36: 55-76 - get paper here
  • Campbell, Patrick D. 2015. The acquisition of Dr. Patrick Russell's snakeskin collections. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 66-72 - get paper here
  • Campbell, Patrick D. and Efstratia Verveniotou. 2015. Collection storage improvement and the rehousing of the 1904 Patrick Russell snakeskins. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 85-94 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Chettri, Krishna and Damodar Thapa Chhetry 2013. Diversity of Snakes in Sarlahi District, Nepal. Our Nature 11(2): 201-207 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Cyriac, Vivek P.; Kiran B. Srinivasa, Lohith Kumar and Gerard Martin 2022. Should I stay or should I go: escape behaviour of Russell’s vipers, Daboia russelii (Shaw & Nodder, 1797) in India’s agricultural landscapes Animal Biology 72 (2): 117 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • Das, Indraneil. 2015. Patrick Russell (1727-1805), surgeon and polymath naturalist. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 1-11 - get paper here
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/ GEF /UNDP/ FAO, Colombo.
  • Deshmukh, Rahul V.; Sagar A. Deshmukh, Swapnil A. Badhekar, and Roshan Y. Naitame 2020. Snakes of Bhandara District, Maharashtra, Central India with notes on natural history. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (1): 10–17 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Dowling,H.G. 1993. The name of Russel's viper. Amphibia-Reptilia 14: 320 - get paper here
  • Dutta, S.K., M.V. Nair, P.P. Mohapatra and A.K. Mahapatra. 2009. Amphibians and reptiles of Similipal Biosphere Reserve. Regional Plant Resouce Centre, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India - get paper here
  • Fenton, L.L. 1905. The Russell's Viper. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 173 - get paper here
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Gayen, D., S. Dey, A.K. Dey & U.S. Roy 2019. Fate of Snakes in an Urban Landscape - A report from Durgapur, Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India. Reptile Rap #190. In: Zoo’s Print 34(1): 12-17
  • Glaudas, Xavier G 2021. Natural History of a Highly Medically Important Snake, Russell's Viper (Daboia russelii), in a Human-Dominated Indian Rural Landscape. Journal of Herpetology 55 (2): 151-159 - get paper here
  • Habib, Bilal & Bharat Cheda 2010. Ninety-six young ones born to Russell’s Viper Daboia russelii. Reptile Rap (10): 20-21 - get paper here
  • Hamid, H. N., Rais, M., Arif, M., & Noor, R. 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of Sheikh Baddin National Park, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Diversity, Threats and Conservation Prospects. Pakistan J. Zool. 53(2): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the Vipera palaestinae Werner, 1938 species group, with the creation of a new genus and a new subgenus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 53-55 - get paper here
  • Ingle, Mukesh 2020. Herpetofauna of the Amarkantak Plateau in central India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (3): 397-410 - get paper here
  • Ingle, Mukesh; Ulka Yadav, Ashok K. Bhilala, Manohar Pawar 2019. Urban Herpetofauna: A Case Study in Ujjain City of Central India. International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Sciences 6 (5): 76-84 - get paper here
  • ISLAM, NAFISA N.; ABU A. SAJIB, MD SAJEDUL ISLAM & MD SAGIR AHMED. 2022. Molecular identification of snakes from cast-off skin based on COI marker in Bangladesh. Herpetology Notes 15: 699–709. - get paper here
  • Jadhav, Pavan Laxmanrao; Shivaji P Chavan and Harshad Sudarshan Trimukhe 2018. Snake species diversity and their distribution in and around Nanded city, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2018; 6(4): 1855-1860
  • Jangid, Ashish Kumar; Ravi Kumar Sharma and Abhijit Das 2021. Annotated checklist with distribution summary of Snakes of Jawai Community Conservation Reserve, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (4): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Jayakody, RL. 2001. Russell of Russell's Viper Fame. Ceylon Medical Journal 46 (2):39-40
  • Jigar, Solanki; Khare Rounak and Andhale Atmaram Vitthal 2022. CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FOUND IN MAVAL TALUKA, PUNE, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA. CIBTech Journal of Zoology 11: 182-192 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kalki, Yatin; Chayant Gonsalves , Daniel B. Wylie , Karthik A. K. Sundaram and Tristan D. Schramer 2021. Annotated checklist of the snakes of Bengaluru Urban District, Karnataka, India with notes on their natural history, distribution, and population trends over the last 150 years. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (2): 26-41 - get paper here
  • Karthik, Pandi; Ayuthavel Kalaimani, Rathinalingam Nagarajan 2018. An inventory on herpetofauna with emphasis on conservation from Gingee Hills, Eastern-Ghats, Southern India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 7 (1): 2-16 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan W, Ahmad B. 2019. Daboia russelii (Reptilia: Squamata) in remote parts of Gujjar Village Miandam, Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 212–216 (e206) - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 1983. Venomous terrestrial snakes of Pakistan. The Snake 15 (2): 101-105.
  • Khandakar, Naim and Kamrun Nahar Jeny 2020. New distributional records of Russell’s Vipers, Daboia russelii (Shaw and Nodder 1797), in Bangladesh. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (1): 81–82 - get paper here
  • Khanduri, S., Thirumurugan, V., CS, V., Chinnasamy, R., Das, A., & Talukdar, G. 2022. A note on opportunistic records of reptiles from the Moyar River Valley Landscape, Tamil Nadu, southern India. Journal of Animal Diversity 4 (4) - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462 - get paper here
  • Madushanka, Shashi; Chandimal Ranathunga 2019. BIODIVERSITY BASELINE SURVEY: MOUNT K ADVENTURE RESORT, MADAMPE - RATHNAPURA. Mount K Resort, 30 pp. - get paper here
  • Maheta, J., Thakor, R., Shankhala, P., Prajapati, D., Zala, A., Bharavad, L., ... & Patel, S. 2023. Updated checklist of snakes with the first record of Spalerosophis arenarius in Gujarat and range extensions of five fpecies of snakes in the northern region of Gujarat, India. Reptiles & Amphibians 30 (1): e18403 - get paper here
  • Maki, M. 1931. Monograph of the Snakes of Japan. Dai-ichi Shobo, Tokyo. (1), 7, 240 pages (expanded edition 1933)
  • Manhas, Amit; Rajni Raina, and Ashwani Wanganeo 2018. Reptilian diversity of the Bhopal Region in the State of Madhya Pradesh in central India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (2): 104–114 - get paper here
  • Manhas, Amit; Rajni Raina, Ashwani Wanganeo 2016. An assessment of reptilian diversity and their distribution in Jammu and Kashmir state from Jammu city in northern India: A case study. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies 2016; 3(3): 20-23 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Masroor, R. 2012. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Northern Pakistan. SSAR, Ithaca [review in JoTT 4(6): 2670] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehra, G.S., N. Mohanty & S.K. Dutta 2022. Occurrence patterns of herpetofauna in different habitat types of western Terai Arc Landscape, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(5): 21010–21018 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1927. Herpetologische Mitteilungen XVIII. Zur Verbreitung der Vipera russelii SHAW. Senckenbergiana biologica 19:182-184.
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Mertens, R. 1957. Zur Herpetofauna von Ostjava und Bali. Senckenbergiana biologica 38: 23-31
  • Millard, W. S. 1902. Vipera Russelii breeding in captivity. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 614 - get paper here
  • Mukherjee A.K. 2021. The 'Big Four’ Snakes of India. Springer, Singapore - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Narayan Rao, C.R. 1918. Notes on the Russell's Viper. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25: 307 - get paper here
  • Norval, G.; Chu, H.P.; Bursey, C.R.; Goldberg, S.R.; Cheng, M.H. & Mao, J.J. 2008. Kalicephalus sp. von einer Kettenviper (Vipera russellii siamensis SMITH 1917) in Taiwan. Sauria 30 (2): 41-44 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Paira, Sanjay; Shwetadri Bhandari and Puja Ray 2022. Diversity of herpetofauna in Dantan I, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, with a note on anthropogenic impact Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 10(1): 212-219
  • Palita, S.K., Das, A.K. & Mahata, A. 2023. Diversity and Distribution Pattern of Herpetofauna in Tropical Forest Microhabitats of Eastern Ghats, Odisha. Proc Zool Soc. - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Pandey, Deb Prasad 2018. New records of snakes from Chitwan National Park and vicinity, Central Nepal. Herpetology Notes 11: 679-696 - get paper here
  • Pandya M, Raval K, Sasikumar K, Tyagi S, Rawtani D. 2022. A retrospective assessment of the diversity of Venomous and Non-venomous snakes in the Valsad region of Southern Gujarat. Species, 2022, 23(71), 132-140 - get paper here
  • PARMAR, DIKANSH S. & HINRICH KAISER. 2022. An unusual white dorsal patch in Russell’s Viper, Daboia russelii (Shaw & Nodder, 1797), from Surat District, Gujarat State, India. Herpetology Notes 15: 679–682. - get paper here
  • Parmar, Dikansh S. and Shantilal K. Tank 2019. Herpetofauna of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, India. IRCF 26 (1): 21–34 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Bhautik Dudhatra, Vaibhav Naik, Ashish Chavda, Devendra Chauhan, Amit Vaghashiya, Ramesh Vagadiya and Pranav Vaghashiya 2019. Preliminary report on Herpetofauna of Mount Girnar, Gujarat, India. Journal of Animal Diversity 1 (2): 9–35
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Vaibhav Naik, Bhautik Dudhatra & Shantilal K. Tank 2018. Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/21658005.2018.1499237 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Rawat, Y.B., S. Bhattarai, L.P. Poudyal & N. Subedi 2020. Herpetofauna of Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(5): 15587–15611 - get paper here
  • Sahi D.N., Koul S. 2020. Annotated List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State. In: Dar G. & Khuroo A. (eds) Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation, vol 18. Springer, Singapore - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Salunkhe, Rajendra Vishnu 2023. Snakes of Indapur: Diversity and Awareness. Bhumi Publishing, ISBN: 978-93-88901-31-4 - get paper here
  • Samarawickrama, V.A.M.P.K.; H.I.G.C. Kumara, D.R.N.S. Samarawickrama 2019. Diversity of Reptiles in the Eastern and Southern parts of the Sinharaja Rain Forest. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment - get paper here
  • Sengupta D et al. 2019. Assessment of the Reptilian Fauna in the Brahmaputra Plains of Two Districts in Assam, India. IRCF 26 (1): 65-67 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 1976. Records of the reptiles of Goa. Records Zool. Survey India 71 (1975): 149-167. - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Sharma, S.K., Pandey, D.P., Shah, K.B., Tillack, E, Chappuis, E, Thapa, C. L., AiroI, E. & Kuch, U. 2013. Venomous snakes of Nepal: a photographic guide. B.P. Kolrala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, 85 pp. - get paper here
  • Shaw, George & Nodder, Frederick P. (Eds.) 1797. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. VIII. London, Nodder & Co., plates 255-300, 180 unnumbered pages, [published in monthly issues between August 1, 1796, and July 1, 1797] - get paper here
  • Shortt 1861. Letter respecting an Indian snake [Daboia elegans]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 265-266 - get paper here
  • Shortt 1863. ... A short account of the viper Daboia elegans (Vipera Russellii)... Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 11: 384-385 - get paper here
  • Silva, A., de Alwis, T., Wijesekara, S., & Somaweera, R. 2023. Minimising misidentification of common medically important snakes of Sri Lanka in the hospital setting. Revised version: 17.07.2023 Published: 25.07.2023 - get paper here
  • Singh J, Dutta S.K., Singh H 2021. Herpetofauna of Punjab: The Field Guide. New Era Book Agency, Chandigarh, 82 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1917. Descriptions of new reptiles and a new batrachian from Siam. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2: 221-225 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Šmíd, Jiří;, & Krystal A. Tolley 2019. Calibrating the tree of vipers under the fossilized birth-death model. Scientific Reports 9:5510 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Tenzin, J.; S. Nidup, G. Gyeltsen, T. Tshomo, A. Nepal & J.T. Wangyal 2022. The herpetofauna in Sarpang District, Bhutan TAPROBANICA 11 (02): 99–102 - get paper here
  • Thakur, Sanjay 2011. A note on snakes of Kanha National Park and surrounding areas. Reptile Rap (11): 2-4 - get paper here
  • Thorpe, S Roger, Pook, E Catharine, Malhotra, Anita 2007. Phylogeography of the Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) complex in relation to variation in the colour pattern and symptoms of envenoming. The Herpetological Journal 17 (4): 209-218 - get paper here
  • Toriba, M. 1993. Present location of the type specimens described by Maki. The Snake 25: 71-72
  • Trivedi, Krunal and Shricharan Desai 2019. Unusual morphs of Russell’s Viper, Daboia russelii (Shaw and Nodder 1797), from Goa, India. IRCF 26 (1): 70–72 - get paper here
  • Tsetan, Chime & R. Ramanibai 2011. Reptilian fauna of agricultural landscapes of Chembarambakkam Lake, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Reptile Rap (13): 2-8 - get paper here
  • Visvanathan, A., Anne, S., Kolli, A. K., & Vangari, S. M. 2022. Snakes of Telangana: An annotated checklist with new locality records and notes on natural history. Reptiles & Amphibians, 29(1), 279-285 - get paper here
  • VYAS, R. & THAKUR, M.N. 2015. Ein Fall von Albinismus bei Daboia russelii (SHAW & NODDER, 1797) aus Gujarat, Indien. Sauria 37 (1): 59 - 61 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2013. Snake diversity and voluntary rescue practice in the cities of Gujarat State, India: an evaluation. Reptile Rap (15): 27-39 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju; B.M. Parasharya & J.J. Jani 2012. Herpetofaunal diversity in and around the selected man-made wetlands of central and northern Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (14): 21–26 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1905. The Breeding of Russell's Viper (Vipera russellii). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 374-375 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1905. Notes on Snakes collected in Cannanore from 5th November 1903 to 5th August 1904. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 292 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1907. A Popular Treatise on the Common Indian Snakes. Part V. The Russell's Viper (Vipera russellii). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2003. The wide world of snakes in China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 12-21 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2003. Die vielfältige Welt chinesischer Schlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 20-29 - get paper here
  • Wirth, M. 2011. TERRARIENSCHAUANLAGEN Das Paradies der Ungeliebten – der Reptilienzoo Scheidegg. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (88): 80 - get paper here
  • Wüster, Wolfgang 1998. The genus Daboia (Serpentes: Viperidae): Russell's Viper. Hamadryad 23 (1): 33-40 - get paper here
  • Wuster, Wolfgang, Satoko Otsuka, Anita Malhotra, and Roger S. Thorpe 1992. Population Systematics of Russell's Viper: A Multivariate Study. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 47 (1):97-113 - get paper here
  • Wuster, Wolfgang; Otsuka, Satoko; Thorpe, Roger S.; Malhotra, Anita 1992. Morphological Variation in Russell's Viper in Burma and Thailand. The Herpetological Journal 2 (3):99-101 - get paper here
  • ZDENEK, CHRISTINA N.; ABHINANDAN CHOWDHURY, GRACE Y.H. HAW, AUDE VIOLETTE, RUDY FOURMY, THOMAS CHRIST, FREEK J. VONK & BRYAN G. FRY. 2022. Taxon-selective venom variation in adult and neonate Daboia russelii (Russell’s Viper), and antivenom efficacy. Toxicon 205: 11–19. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator