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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
DistributionIran (N Khorasan)

Type locality: Iran, Northern Khorasan Province, Kopet Dagh, Sarani Protected Area (37°44’ 4.96’’ N, 58°5’ 25.09’’ E, 2159 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 94124, adult male, 27 May 2010, F. Ahmadzadeh. Paratypes: ZFMK 29897, male: Turkmenistan, Ahal Province, Kopet Dagh, Bol’shiye Karanki, 1978, Chomustjenko; ZFMK 94125, male: Iran, Northern Khorasan Province, Kopet Dagh, Sarani Protected Area, Golool Dam, 22 September 2012, O. Mozaffari. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A member of the D. defilippii-complex with a non- serrated collar and smooth dorsal scales, comprising all individuals belonging to the Kopet Dagh clade. It is characterized by the combination of ventral plates with nearly rectilinear posterior margins in 22–23 transversal and 6 longitudinal rows; 45–50 dorsal scales across middle of back; 10–11 collar scales; 31–34 small scales along fold among ears; 23–26 gular scales from angle between maxillar scales to collar; 16–20 femoral pores; 30 scales under fourth toe; 6 supraciliar scales; 10 supraciliar granules; 2–3 scales between masseteric and supratemporal shield; 4 scales between masseteric and tympanic shield; 2 large preanal scales; rostral separated from nostril. The maximum snout-vent length of males is 57.2 mm. All specimens exhibit a reddish colored snout tip and mental region, which is absent in the other species. 
CommentHabitat. Grassy alpine vegetation (e.g., Acantholimon and Astragalus) and rocky outcrops.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after its exclusive occurrence in the Kopet Dagh range. 
  • Ahmadzadeh F, Flecks M, Carretero MA, Mozaffari O, Böhme W, et al. 2013. Cryptic Speciation Patterns in Iranian Rock Lizards Uncovered by Integrative Taxonomy. PLoS One 8 (12): e80563. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080563 - get paper here
  • Anooshe, K., Sohrab, A., Masoud, Y., Eskandar, R. P., Mahdi, R., Faraham, A., ... & Loïc, P. 2020. Reptile species richness associated to ecological and historical variables in Iran. Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), 10(1) - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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