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Darevskia praticola (EVERSMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia praticola - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesDarevskia praticola praticola (EVERSMANN 1834)
Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930)
Darevskia praticola hyrcanica TUNIYEV, DORONIN, KIDOV & TUNIYEV 2011
Darevskia praticola loriensis TUNIYEV, DORONIN, TUNIYEV, AGHASYAN, KIDOV & AGHASYAN 2013
Darevskia praticola pontica (LANTZ & CYRÉN 1918) 
Common NamesG: Kaukasische Wieseneidechse
E: Meadow Lizard
Russian: Луговая ящерица 
SynonymLacerta praticola EVERSMANN 1834: 345
Lacerta praticola — BEDRIAGA 1895
Lacerta vivipara var. stenolepis NIKOLSKY 1911
Zootoca praticola — BOULENGER 1920: 145
Lacerta plicata BARTENJEW & REZNIKOVA 1931
Lacerta praticola — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Darevskia praticola — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta praticola — FU & MURPHY 1997
Lacerta praticola — ANDERSON 1999
Lacerta praticola praticola — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Darevskia praticola — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta praticola — SZCZERBAK 2003
Zootoca praticola — LAZAR et al. 2005
Darevskia praticola — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) praticola praticola — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Lacerta praticola — GEORGIEV & GEORGIEV 2018

Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930)
Lacerta praticola hungarica SOBOLEWSKY 1930: 4
Lacerta praticola hungarica — STUGREN 1961
Lacerta praticola hungarica — STUGREN 1984
Darevskia praticola hungarica — DORONIN 2016
Darevskia praticola hungarica — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020

Darevskia praticola hyrcanica TUNIYEV, DORONIN, KIDOV & TUNIYEV 2011
Darevskia praticola hyrcanica — DORONIN 2015
Darevskia praticola hyrcanica — KIDOV 2020

Darevskia praticola loriensis TUNIYEV, DORONIN, TUNIYEV, AGHASYAN, KIDOV & AGHASYAN 2013
Darevskia praticola loriensis — DORONIN 2015

Darevskia praticola pontica (LANTZ & CYRÉN 1918)
Lacerta praticola pontica LANTZ & CYRÉN 1918
Lacerta praticola pontica — CEVIK 1999
Darevskia praticola pontica — STARKOV & ORLOVA 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) praticola pontica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia pontica — TUNIYEV et al. 2011
Darevskia pontica — SOS et al. 2012
Darevskia (praticola) pontica — IFTIME & IFTIME 2019
Darevskia praticola pontica — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020
Darevskia pontica — DORONIN & SMIRNOVA 2022 
DistributionRussia (C/E/W Caucasus, Dagestan and Krasnodar Kray), Transcaucasia, NE Iran, NE Serbia, E Bulgaria, European Turkey, NE Greece, NW Iran, Republic of Georgia, N/SE Azerbaijan, N Armenia

praticola: S Russia, Iran etc.; Type locality: Narzan, North Caucasus; Town Kislovodsk, S Russia (fide Tuniyev et al. 2013)

hyrcanica: Iran, Azerbaijan (Talysh foothills and Elbrus range), Type locality: Azerbaijan, Astara District, Talysh Ridge, natural boundary of Gada-Zyga-Khi (1510 m above sea level, 38°28’ N 48°35’ E)

loriensis: Armenia (Lori); Type locality: “Armenia, Lori Marz (Province), vicinity of Stepanavan, village Gyulagarak (1438 m above sea level, 40°56’35.0’’ N 44°28’19.1’’E)

pontica: W Caucasus (Black Sea coast), Republic of Georgia, Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Turkey, Greece; Type locality: Town Gagry (now Republic of Georgia, on the Black Sea coast)  
TypesLectotype: unlocated fide Doronin, but was ZISP = ZIN (Zoological Institute of St. Petersburg)
Holotype: SNP (= Herpetological collection of Sochi National Park, Sochi, SNP No 1473 (5), adult female, Azerbaijan, Astara District, Talysh Ridge, natural boundary of Gada-Zyga-Khi (1510 m above sea level, 38°28’ N 48°35’ E), 18.08.2009, collector A. A. Kidov (Fig. 7). Paratypes. SNP 1473.0-19 (25 specimens), herpetological collection of SNP, Sochi; ZISP 12301, 12630, 12632-12635, St. Petersburg [hyrcanica]
Holotype: SNP 1568 (Herpetological collection of the Sochi National Park, Sochi), adult male, 22.05.2012, collector S. B. Tuniyev; paratypes: SNP 1569.1-19, ZISP 17075 [loriensis]
Lectotype: ZISP 9814 (unknown locality), paralectotypes – ZMMU R 2538 [hungarica]
Holotype: ZISP 7203, location unknown [Lacerta vivipara stenolepis]
Holotype: ZISP 15204, Russia, Mostovskoy District, Caucasian Biosphere Reserve, on the road from the Veriyut (=Nikitino Village) on the Malaya Laba River to the Malyi Pambak Mount, firebreak in streams in the small mountain river on the sunny glade, 43° 53’ N 40° 31’ E, 15.07.1930. Coll.: A.N. Bartenef [Lacerta plicata]
Lectotype: ZISP 22853 (Fig. 11 in Tuniyev et al. 2011); paralectotypes – ZISP 5279, 5280, 22847, 22852.1-2, 22854 [pontica] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Small lizard, different from specimens of nominative subspecies by the larger size of pileus, higher values of width and height of head, reduced number of scales between the rows of femoral pores. Animals are colored in chocolate-brown tones; on each side of body under light bar the interrupted dark stripe, or row of spots; always contrasting color pattern, the color in life of lateral ventrals is goldish-pink. 
CommentSubspecies: Darevskia praticola pontica is now considered a valid species. Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930) may be a subspecies of D. pontica (Doronin, pers. comm. 5 Jul 2016). SABERI-PIROOZ et al. 2018 suggested to synonymize loriensis with hyrcanica. Doronin 2016 found that pontica was described in 1918 not 1919 as often cited.

Synonymy: primarily after Stugren 1984 and Doronin 2016. Freitas et al. 2016 suggested to synonymize pontica with praticola. We maintin pontica as subspecies following the argument of Speybroeck et al. 2020.

Distribution: D. praticola is not in Romania, but pontica is. See maps in Doronin 2015. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

NCBI taxonID: 1592832 [pontica]

Etymology (hyranica). A subspecies is named after the ancient name of the Caspian sea (Hyrcania) and province south-east of Caspian Sea, which is a base for the name of Hyrcan biogeographical province, including Talysh, Lenkoran lowland and Caspian slope of Western Alburz (the area of distribution of the described subspecies). 
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