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Darevskia unisexualis (DAREVSKY, 1966)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia unisexualis - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Lacertini, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Weissbauch-Felseneidechse 
SynonymLacerta "unisexualis" DAREVSKY 1966: 148
Lacerta saxicola defilippii — CHERNOV 1939
Lacerta unisexualis — DAREVSKY 1967
Lacerta unisexualis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Darevskia unisexualis — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta unisexualis — FU, MURPHY & DAREVSKY 2000
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) unisexualis — SINDACO et al. 2000
Lacerta unisexualis — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia unisexualis — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) unisexualis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionArmenia (mountainland and Sevan Basin), N/E Turkey, S Republic of Georgia

Type locality: Achta, in the canyon of the Razdan River, Armenia, 1800 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous; parthenogenetic "species". Derived by hybridization of D. raddei and D. valentini (Murphy et al. 2000, Vergun et al. 2020).  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 17929 (also given as ZIAS, Zool. Inst., Academy of Science, Leningrad) 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.) 
EtymologyThe species name given by parthenogenetic method of reproduction. 
  • Arakelyan, Marine, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Cetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, Salih Hakan Durmus, Yahya Tayhan and Felix Danielyan. 2013. A skeletochronological study of parthenogenetic lizards of the genus Darevskia from Turkey. Acta Herpetologica 8 (2): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Arribas, O. J. 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta MERTENS, 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Badaeva TN, Malysheva DN, Korchagin VI, Ryskov AP 2008. Genetic Variation and De Novo Mutations in the Parthenogenetic Caucasian Rock Lizard Darevskia unisexualis. PLoS One 3 (7): e2730 - get paper here
  • BADER, T. & KOPECZKY, R. & RIEGLER, C. & WIELAND, F. 2016. Die Eidechsen Armeniens – Teil 1: Die Gattung Darevskia. Die Eidechse 27 (1): 1-14. - get paper here
  • BOSCH, H. IN DEN 1995. Fortpflanzung von Lacerta unisexualis im Terrarium. Die Eidechse 6 (15): 6-8 - get paper here
  • Cicek, K., Candan, K., Yildirim, E., Kumultas, Y. and Ilgaz, C. 2020. Food composition of the unisexual lizard, Darevskia unisexualis (Darevsky, 1966) from northeastern Anatolia, Turkey. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (1): 59-62. - get paper here
  • Danielyan, Felix D., Marine Arakelyan and Ilona Stepanyan. 2008. Hybrids of Darevskia valentini, D. armeniaca and D. unisexualis from a sympatric population in Armenia. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (4): 487-504 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S. and Danielyan, F. D. 1968. Diploid and triploid progeny arising from natural mating of parthenogenetic Lacerta armeniaca and L. unisexualis with bisexual L. saxicola valentini. Journal of Herpetology 2: 65-69. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. 1966. Natural parthogenesis in a polymorphic group of Caucasian Rock lizards related to Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Journ. Ohio Herpetol. Soc.5 (4): 115-152 - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Freitas, Susana; Sara Rocha, João Campos, Faraham Ahmadzadeh, Claudia Corti, Neftali Sillero, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Marine Arakelyan, D. James Harris, Miguel A. Carretero 2016. Parthenogenesis through the ice ages: A biogeographic analysis of Caucasian rock lizards (genus Darevskia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 102: 117-127 - get paper here
  • Fu, J.; MURPHY R.W. & DAREVSKY,I.S. 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia 2000 (2): 432-440 - get paper here
  • Fu, Jinzhong; MacCulloch, Ross D.; Murphy, Robert W.; Darevsky, Ilya S.; Kupriyanova, Larissa A. 1998. The parthenogentic rock lizard Lacerta unisexualis: An example of limited genetic polymorphism. Journal of Molecular Evolution 46: 127-130 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova, L. A. 1994. Structure, localization and stability of chromosomes in karyotype evolution in lizards of the Lacertidae family. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 161-168 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549 - get paper here
  • Petrosyan VG, Osipov FA, Bobrov VV, Dergunova NN, Kropachev II, Danielyan FD, Arakelyan MS 2020. New records and geographic distribution of the sympatric zones of unisexual and bisexual rock lizards of the genus Darevskia in Armenia and adjacent territories. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e56030 - get paper here
  • Petrosyan, V.G.; O. N. Tokarskaya; D. N. Malysheva & A. P. Ryskov 2003. Quantitative Assessment of Gene Diversity and Between-Population Differentiation of Parthenogenetic Lizard of the Genus Darevskia Using Mini- and Microsatellite DNA Markers. Russian Journal of Genetics 39 (10): 1201–1207
  • Schmidtler J F; Eiselt, J; Darevsky I S 1994. Untersuchungen an Feldeidechsen (Lacerta-saxicola-Gruppe) in der östlichen Türkei: 3. Zwei neue parthogenetische Arten. Salamandra 30 (1): 55-70 - get paper here
  • Sillero, Neftalí; Claudia Corti & Miguel A. Carretero 2016. Home ranges of parthenogenetic and bisexual species in a community of Darevskia lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoology in the Middle East 62 (3): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Spangenberg, V., Arakelyan, M., Cioffi, M.d.B. et al. 2020. Cytogenetic mechanisms of unisexuality in rock lizards. Sci Rep 10: 8697 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tarkhnishvili, D., Yanchukov, A., Şahin, M. K., Gabelaia, M., Murtskhvaladze, M., Candan, K., ... & Ilgaz, Ç. 2020. Genotypic similarities among the parthenogenetic Darevskia rock lizards with different hybrid origins. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 20(1), 1-25 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev B.S., Tuniyev S.B., Avcı A., Ilgaz Ç. 2014. Herpetological studies in Eastern and North-Eastern Turkey. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 44–53. Резюме - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, B.S. & T.V. Petrova 2019. A new lizard species of the genus Darevskia Arribas, 1997 from Southern Armenia. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 323 (2): 136–148; doi:10.31610/trudyzin/2019.323.2.136 - get paper here
  • Vergun, Andrey A;<br />Girnyk, Anastasiya E;<br />Korchagin, Vitaly I;<br />Semyenova, Seraphima K;<br />Arakelyan, Marine S;<br />Danielyan, Felix D;<br />Murphy, Robert W;<br />Ryskov, Alexey P 2020. Origin, clonal diversity, and evolution of the parthenogenetic lizard Darevskia unisexualis. BMC Genomics 21, 351 (2020) - get paper here
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