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Dendrelaphis calligaster (GÜNTHER, 1867)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Green treesnake, Nothern Tree Snake
G: Nördliche Bronzenatter 
SynonymDendrophis calligastra GÜNTHER 1867: 53
Dendrophis salomonis GÜNTHER 1872: 25 (fide ROOIJEN et al. 2015)
Dendrophis aruensis DORIA 1874: 349
Dendrophis katowensis MACLEAY 1877: 37
Dendrophis darnleyensis MACLEAY 1877: 38
Lycodon aruensis — SAUVAGE 1879: 61
Dendrophis solomonis — BOULENGER 1886: 45
Dendrophis calligaster BOULENGER 1894: 80 (emend. pro D. calligastra)
Dendrelaphis papuensis BOULENGER 1895: 409
Dendrelaphis schlenckeri OGILBY 1898: 361
Dendrophis lineolatus — WERNER 1899 ?
Dendrophis calligaster — DE ROOIJ 1917: 60
Dendrophis calligastra keiensis MERTENS 1926: 277
Ahaetulla calligastra salomonis — SCHMIDT 1932
Dendrophis calligastra distinguendus MEISE & HENNIG 1932: 279
Dendrelaphis calligastra — COGGER 1983: 210
Ahaetulla calligastra
Dendrelaphis salomonis — MCCOY 2000
Dendrelaphis calligastra — COGGER 2000: 620
Dendrelaphis calligastra — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Dendrelaphis calligastra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 215
Dendrelaphis salomonis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 215
Dendrelaphis calligastra — COGGER 2014: 837
Dendrelaphis calligaster — ROOIJEN et al. 2015 
DistributionIndonesia (Waigeu, Batanta, Babar,Salawati, Tanimbar, Kai and Aru Islands, Mefoor, Jobi, Irian Jaya, Biak, Numfoor and Yapen; Ambon?), Solomon Islands,
Papua New Guinea,
Australia (E Cape York Peninsula, islands of Torres Strait)

Type locality: Cape York, Queensland, Australia.

salomonis: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago), Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000]; Type locality: Solomon Islands  
TypesHolotype: BMNH, from Cape York, Qld.
Syntypes: BMNH, from Solomon Ils. [Dendrophis salomonis]
Syntypes: MSNG 30594, from Wokan, Aru Ils., Indonesia [aruensis].
Syntypes: AM R31916-17, from Mawatta, Binaturi River (as Katow), Papua New Guinea [Dendrophis katowensis]
Syntypes: AM R31914-15, from Darnley Is., Torres Strait, Qld. [Dendrophis darnleyensis].
Syntypes: BMNH, from Trobriand Ils., Papua New Guinea [Dendrelaphis papuensis]
Holotype: AM R2380, from Fife Bay, in 10° 35'S, 150° 00'E, Papua New Guinea [Dendrelaphis schlenckeri].
Holotype: SMF 18662 F, from Dulah, Kei Ils., Indonesia [Dendrophis calligastra keiensis].
Holotype: MTD (= MTKD) D2107, from Muliama, Süd-Mecklenburg, Papua New Guinea; destroyed, see Obst (1977); neotype: ZMB 24024, designated by Rooijen & Vogel 2016 [Dendrophis calligastra distinguendus].
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.5.97, 1946.1.6.11 [salomonis] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983 (who stressed that many of the synonyms are still uncertain and may refer to distinct species) and ROOIJEN et al. 2015 who synonymized salomonis with calligaster.

Behavior: diurnal

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018) 
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  • Rooijen, Johan van; Gernot Vogel 2016. On the status of three nominal species in the synonymy of Dendrelaphis calligaster (Günther, 1867) (Serpentes: Colubridae). Zootaxa 4093 (2): 293–300 - get paper here
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