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Dendrophidion vinitor SMITH, 1941

IUCN Red List - Dendrophidion vinitor - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Barred Forest Racer
S: Culebra de Barras 
SynonymDendrophidion vinitor SMITH 1941
Dendrophidion vinitor — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 80
Dendrophidion vinitor — LINER 1994
Dendrophidion vinitor — LINER 2007
Dendrophidion vinitor — CADLE 2012
Dendrophidion vinitor — WALLACH et al. 2014: 226 
DistributionSE Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco), Belize, Guatemala

Type locality: Piedras Negras, Guatemala  
TypesHolotype: USNM 110662, young female; collected during Expedition/Project: Walter Rathbone Bacon Scholarship, 1938-1940 Collection Date: May 21, 1939 Paratypes: (n=13) In the U. S. National Museum, No. 46589, Teapa, Tabasco; No. 7099, "Mexico"; Nos. 14215, 14220, "Nicaragua." In the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Nos. 17117, 9561, Matagalpa, Nicaragua; No. 19342, Suretka, Costa Rica; No. 19344, La Loma Mts., Panama; Nos. 42782-3, Pequeni-Esperanza Ridge, Panama. In the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Nos. 22863-4, eastern Nicaragua. In the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, No. 79766, Rfo Mico, Recero, Nicaragua. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: extensive diagnosis in CADLE 2012. 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Honduras by WILSON & MCCRANIE (2002). Populations from Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama have been assigned to other species by CADLE 2012, primarily D. apharocybe. See map in CADLE 2012: 195.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe specific name vinitor is a Latin noun meaning ‘‘vine cultivator’’ or ‘‘vine dresser.’’ Latin lexicons show that the word is derived from the noun vinum (wine). The complete derivation therefore is the stem vin- + connective -i- + the suffix -tor. The termination is a classic noun suffix meaning an agent or doer of something (vine care and pruning in this case). The name was not a good choice for a forest- dwelling snake. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Alvarez DEL TORO, M. 1982. Los Reptiles de Chiapas. 3rd ed. México: Tuxtla Gutiérrez, 248 pp.
  • Cadle, John E. 2012. Cryptic Species Within the Dendrophidion vinitor Complex In Middle America (Serpentes: Colubridae). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 160 (4): 183-240. - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • HERNÁNDEZ-GONZÁLEZ, JESÚS; NELSON M. CERÓN-DE LA LUZ & VÍCTOR VÁSQUEZ-CRUZ. 2022. Geographic distribution: DENDROPHIDION VINITOR (Barred Forest Racer). MEXICO: VERACRUZ: Municipality of Huatusco. Herpetological Review 53 (1): 79.
  • Johnson, J. D., ELY, C. A., & WEBB, R. G. 1977. Biogeographical and taxonomic notes on some herpetozoa from the northern highlands of Chiapas, México. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 79 [1976]:13 1-39 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
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  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lieb C S 1991. Dendrophidion vinitor Smith. Barred forest racer. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 522: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Guilherme Nunes Ferreira; Michela Rossane Cavilha Scupino (eds.) 2018. Herpetofauna da Amazônia Central: Estudos na FLONA de Saracá-Taquera. Curitiba, Pr: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas, Pa: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A., 2018.<br />210p. - get paper here
  • Ramírez González, Cynthia Grisell; Ángel Edgar Lara Brenis, Teresa de Jesús Mijangos Arrazola 2014. New Distributional Records of Amphibians and Reptiles from Northern Oaxaca, México. Check List 10 (3): 679-681 - get paper here
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  • Smith, H.M. 1941. A new name for the Mexican snakes of the genus Dendrophidion. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 54: 73-76. - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1954. Further studies on the serpents of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 36: 673-800. - get paper here
  • TORRE-LORANCA, M. DE LA; A., R. G. MARTINEZ-FUENTES, L. CANSECO-MARQUEZ, AND U. O. GARCIA-VAZQUEZ 2020. New Records of Amphibians and Reptiles from Sierra de Zongolica, Veracruz and Puebla, Mexico. Herpetological Review 51: 550-553.
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L. D. 1966. Dendrophidion vinitor: an addition to the snake fauna df British Honduras. J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc. 5: 103. - get paper here
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