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Dicrodon heterolepis (TSCHUDI, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Dicrodon heterolepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ecuador Desert Tegu 
SynonymCnemidophorus (Aspidocelis) heterolepis TSCHUDI 1845: 160
Dicrodon calliscelis COPE 1876: 163
Cnemidophorus heterolepis STEINDACHNER 1891: 373
Cnemidophorus centropyx STEINDACHNER 1891: 374
Cnemidophorus peruanus STEINDACHNER 1891: 375
Cnemidophorus tumbezanus STEINDACHNER 1891: 375
Cnemidophorus centropyx — WERNER 1901: 4
Cnemidophorus heterolepis — WERNER 1913: 13
Dicrodon heterolepis — BURT & BURT 1933: 60
Dicrodon heterolepis — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 107
Dicrodon heterolepis — LEHR et al. 2002
Dicrodon heterolepis — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionS Peru (costal areas)

Type locality: Warm forests on eastern slopes of Andes in Peru.  
TypesSyntype: ZMB 4320
Holotype: ANSP 11367 [Dicrodon calliscelis] 
CommentSynonymy that of PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970. Werner 1901 already speculatules in his description that Cnemidophorus centropyx is very similar to heterolepis and possibly the same species. 
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280 - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E., and M. D. Burt 1933. A preliminary check list of the lizards of South America. Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 28: 1-104.
  • Chávez, G. & Venegas, P. 2007. Looking for Macanches in the dry forest of Peru. Reptilia (GB) (51): 54-59 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. Report on the Reptiles brought by Professor James Orton from the middle and upper Amazon and western Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 159-183 [sometimes thought to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification] - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2008. Notes on Reproduction of Dicrodon guttulatum, D. heterolepis and D. holmbergi (Squamata: Teiidae) from Peru. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 44 (3): 103 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2002. Die Herpetofauna von Mittelperu entlang eines Transektes von der pazifischen Küste bis in die Hochanden (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 361-392
  • Mendoza A, Pérez J, Alvarado E, Barrera D, Castillo E, Fernandez M, Milla J, Olivera D, Ramirez C, Santa Cruz R, Salazar E, Torres-Ccasani G, Aguilar-Puntriano C. 2023. Anfibios y reptiles del departamento de Ica con comentarios sobre su distribución. Revista peruana de biología 30(1): e23425 001- 014 (Marzo 2023)
  • MURPHY R. W., SMITH A. and NGO A. 2007. The versions of Cope's Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica. Bibliotheca Herpetologica 7 (1): - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1891. Ueber neue und seltene Lacertiden aus der herpetologischen Sammlung des k. k. naturhistorisches Hofsmuseums. Ann. k. k. Hofmus. Wien 6: 371-378 - get paper here
  • Tschudi,J. J. von 1845. Reptilium conspectum quae in republica Peruana reperiuntur er pleraque observata vel collecta sunt in itenere. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 11 (1): 150-170 [reprint 1968, SSAR; sometimes cited as being published in 1846]. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
  • Werner, FRANZ 1901. Reptilien und Batrachier aus Peru und Bolivien. Abhandl. Ber. Zool. Anthrop. Mus. Dresden, 9 (2): 1-14 [1900] - get paper here
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