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Diploglossus bilobatus (O'SHAUGHNESSY, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Diploglossus bilobatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: O'Shaughnessy's Galliwasp
G: O'Shaughnessys Gallwespenschleiche 
SynonymCelestus bilobatus O'SHAUGHNESSY 1874: 257
Diploglossus bilobatus — BOCOURT 1874: 382
Diploglossus bilobatus — GÜNTHER 1885: 34
Diploglossus bilobatus — BOULENGER 1885: 286
Diploglossus bilobatus — TAYLOR 1956: 200
Diploglossus bilobatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 108
Diploglossus bilobatus — KRONAUER 1999
Diploglossus bilobatus — KÖHLER 2000: 36
Diplogossus bilobatus — HILJE et al. 2020 (in error) 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama, Nicaragua

Type locality: Costa Rica.  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.7.91 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: pholidotic characters mentioned by Myers (1973) as diagnostic for Diploglossus bilobatus: a single, large prefrontal; two superposed postnasals; nasal in contact with rostral; nostril pierced in the posterior portion of the nasal; and striated dorsal and lateral body scales (smooth in juveniles). 
CommentA picture is on the title page of LACERTA 50 (6) 1992: 193. Another one is in Elaphe 7 (4): 76, although it is erroneously labelled as “Celestus cyanochloris” (erratum in Elaphe 8 (1): 29). 
  • Arias, Erick; Federico Bolaños 2014. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of San Isidro de Dota, Reserva Forestal Los Santos, Costa Rica. Check List 10 (4): 870-877 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. E. 1874. Etudes sur les Reptiles. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale. Recherches Zoologiques.Vol. 3 (sect. 1). Imprimerie Impériale, Paris. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hilje B, Chaves G, Klank J, Timmerman F, Feltham J, Gillingwater S, Piraino T, Rojas E 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tirimbina Biological Reserve: a baseline for conservation, research and environmental education in a lowland tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1633-1655 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G.; Quintana, A.Z.; Buitrago, F. & Diethert H. 2004. New and noteworthy records of amphibians and reptiles from Nicaragua. Salamandra 40 (1): 15-24 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther, Joseph Vargas, Johannes J. Köhler and Milan Vesel´y. 2013. Noteworthy distributional records of amphibians and reptiles from Costa Rica. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 280-283 - get paper here
  • Kronauer,D. 1999. Anmerkungen zur Herpetofauna Costa Ricas. Elaphe 7 (4): 76-77 [erratum in Elaphe 8 (1): 29]
  • Lotzkat, S., L. Stadler, A. Carrizo, A. Hertz & G. Köhler 2010. Notes on the eastenmost population of Diploglossus bilobatus (Squamata: Anguidae) in Veraguas, Panama. Salamandra 46 (1): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Myers, C.W. 1973. Anguid lizards of the genus Diploglossus in Panamá, with the description of a new species. American Museum Novitates (2523): 1-20 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1874. Description of a new species of lizard of the genus Celestus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 257-258 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Rovito, Sean Michael; Thomas James Devitt, Susan Cameron Devitt 2015. First survey of the amphibians and reptiles of the Nectandra Cloud Forest Reserve, Alajuela, Costa Rica. Check List 11 (2): 1570 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
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