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Diploglossus pleii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Puerto Rican Galliwasp
G: Puerto Rico Gallwespenschleiche
Spanish: Culebra de cuatro patas 
SynonymDiploglossus Pleii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 605
Diploglossus pleii — BOULENGER 1885: 294
Diploglossus pleii — GREER 1967
Diploglossus pleei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 406
Diploglossus pleei — BLACKBURN 1999
Diploglossus pleii — SCHOOLS & HEDGES 2021 
DistributionPuerto Rico

Type locality: see comment  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2860 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 125 mm, in females to 105 mm); body elongate, tail long; limbs very short; 91-100 ventrals between mental and vent; midbody scales 36-39; angular subocular between supralabials 5/6 (strongly modally); dorsals and laterals finely striate, not keeled; ventrals finely striate; mid-body scales 34-38. Dorsum dark, shiny, mahogany-brown (many scales at times edged with gold) with numerous, more or less interrupted and anastomosing, brown to black crossbands not reaching longitudinal lateral band; head reddish to reddish brown with tan to gray flecking; longitudinal lateral band dark, brownish gray with sharply defined, crenulated upper edge, gradually fading into pale ventral color (gray washed with orange); anterior sides yellow, usually with pale, dark-edged ocelli; sides with upper edge often golden, pinkish green to yellowish green, spotted with gold; a series of white lines radiating from eye to lower jaw; venter pink to dirty yellow; lower lip and throat pink to orange, spotted with dark, brownish gray; underside of tail pink to orange, bright orange (nearly red) on sides (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 406). 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Rivero, 1978. Terra typica: Martinique (in error). 
References
  • Blackburn, Daniel G. 1999. Are Viviparity and Egg-guarding Evolutionarily Labile in Squamates? Herpetologica 55 (4): 556-573 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1987. Les types d'Anguid és (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle Catalogue critique. Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 4e ser., 9, sect. A (Zool., BioI. & Ecol. anim.), (2), supplement, 3-20. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1967. Notes on the mode of reproduction in anguid lizards. Herpetologica 23 (2): 94-99 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • SCHOOLS, MOLLY & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2021. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the Neotropical forest lizards (Squamata, Diploglossidae). Zootaxa 4974 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
 
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