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Dopasia buettikoferi (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1905)

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Buettikofer's Glass Lizard 
SynonymOphisaurus Büttikoferi LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905: 192
Ophisaurus büttikoferi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 139
Ophisaurus bultikoferi — ZOOLOGICAL RECORD
Ophisaurus buettikoferi — MANTHEY 1983
Ophisaurus buettikoferi — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 202
Ophisaurus buttikoferi — MALKMUS et al. 2002: 250
Dopasia buettikoferi — NGUYEN 2013 (pers. comm.) 
DistributionMalaysia (Sabah, Sarawak), Indonesia (Borneo)

Type locality: Mount Liang Koeboeng, Central-Borneo (= Bukit Liang, Kubung, at the Sungai Kapuas, West Kalimantan)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 4450; 
DiagnosisDescription: Lateral teeth conical. Azygos praefrontal three fourths the greatest width of the frontal, as broad as the interparietal and broader than the suture between the frontal and the interparietal. It is separated from the frontal by two praefrontals. Interparietal twice as broad as the parietals, much broader than the occipital, which is very small. Three shields on a line from the nasal to the azygos praefrontal; five supraoculars. Ear-opening distinct, not larger than the nostril. Dorsal plates in 1 6 longitudinal and 105 transverse series; 12 of these longitudinal series keeled, the keels forming unbroken straight lines, the other four series smooth; the outer series partially covered by the lateral fold. Ventrals smooth, in 10 longitudinal series. No external limbs. Tail thrice as long as head and body, upper and lower caudal scales strongly keeled, the keels forming straight lines (de Rooij 1917: 140).

Coloration: Brown above; a dark lateral band edged above with a light band; this lateral band is continued on the tail. A small blue spot on the interparietal, indicating the situation of the parietal eye. On the anterior part of the back irregular transverse series of bluish spots, anteriorly edged with black. Lips and lower parts pale yellowish; five oblique dark lines on the sides of the head, running across the lips, the first behind the nostril, the second below the eye, the third at the corner of the mouth, the fourth below the ear-opening and the fifth at the nape; the latter is continued on each side of the belly (de Rooij 1917: 138).

Size: Length of head and body 125 mm.; tail 375 mm (de Rooij 1917: 140).

For another detailed description see Lidth de Jeude 1905: 192. 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Lidth de Jeude’s friend, Dr. J. Büttikofer, the zoologist on the Borneo expedition. 
References
  • Darevsky I S; Nguyen Van Sang, 1983. New and little known lizard species from Vietnam [in Russian]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 62 (12): 1827-1837
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Fukuyama R, Fukuyama I, Kurita T, Kojima Y, Hossman MY, Noda A, Nishikawa K 2021. New herpetofaunal records from Gunung Mulu National Park and its surrounding areas in Borneo. Herpetozoa 34: 89-96 - get paper here
  • Jablonski D, Lawson M, Boyce AJ, Molls C, Das I 2020. An assessment of vouchered records and field observations of the rare anguid, Dopasia buettikoferi (Lidth de Jeude, 1905) in Borneo. Herpetozoa 33: 59-65 - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1905. Zoological results of the Dutch Scientific Expedition to Central-Borneo. The reptiles. Notes from the Leyden Museum 25 (4): 187-202. - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
 
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