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Dopasia gracilis (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Burmese Glass Lizard, Asian Glass Lizard, Indian glass snake
G: Asiatische Glasschleiche, Zierliche Glasschleiche
Chinese: 细脆蛇蜥 
SynonymPseudopus gracilis GRAY 1845: 56
Ophiseps tessellatus BLYTH 1853: 655 (fide SMITH 1935)
Pseudopus gracilis — THEOBALD 1868: 24
Pseudopus gracilis — ANDERSON 1871: 156
Ophisaurus gracilis — BOULENGER 1885: 283
Dopasia gracilis — CAMP 1923: 368
Ophisaurus gracilis — SMITH 1935: 393
Ophisaurus gracilis — WERMUTH 1969
Ophisaurus gracilis — DAS 1996
Ophisaurus gracilis — COX et al. 1998: 108
Ophisaurus gracilis — BOBROV 2008: 219
Dopasia gracilis — NGUYEN et al. 2011
Ophisaurus gracilis — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 435
Ophisaurus gracilis — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 139 
DistributionN India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, North Bengal, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Himachal Pradesh), Nepal, S China (Hunan, Yunnan etc.), N Myanmar (Burma), N Indochina, Thailand, Vietnam.

Type locality: Khasi Hills, [now in Meghalaya] India (Brygoo 1987).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.29.28 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Maximum SVL 208 mm; ear opening greater than nostril; nasal separated from frontonasal by 3 (rarely 2) scales; dorsal scales strongly keeled; longitudinal scale rows between lateral folds 14–18; scales along lateral fold 81–97; vertebrae from atlas to hind limb bones 47–52; two dark stripes present on each side of body: dorsolateral stripe from one head-length behind ear opening to tail tip, progressively broader posteriorly; ventrolateral stripe narrower but more distinct than dorsolateral stripe (Campden-Main 1970, Brygoo 1987, Lin et al. 2003, pers. obs.) (Figs. 1, 4A in NGUYEN et al. 2011). 
CommentSimilar species: D. sokolovi.

Type species: Pseudopus gracilis GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Dopasia GRAY 1853.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Genome: the genome of this species has been sequenced by Song et al. 2015. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “gracilis”, meaning small or lanky, or gracile. 
  • Ahmed, M. Firoz; Abhijit Das and S.K. Dutta 2009. Amphibians and Reptiles of Northeast India: A Photographic Guide. Aaranyak, 168 pp.
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, S., Ramesh Kumar, S., Paramanandham, J., Thirumalainathan, P. and Pranjit Kumar Sarma 2013. Conservation of reptiles in Nagaland, India. In: K. K. Singh et al. (editors), Bioresources and Traditional Knowledge of Northeast India, Mizo Post-Graduate Science Society, pp. 181-186
  • Blyth,E. 1854. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Bobrov, V. V. 1995. Checklist and bibliography of lizards of Vietnam. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (105): - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Camp, Charles Lewis 1923. Classification of the Lizards. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48 (11): 289-481. - get paper here
  • Campden-Main, Simon M. 1970. The first record of Ophisaurus gracilis (Gray) (Sauria: Anguidae) in South Vietnam. Herpetologica 26 (1): 17-18 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Danier, Andreas 2015. Farbenprächtige Untergrundkämpfer. Haltung und Nachzucht der Glasschleiche Dopasia gracilis. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (2): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Evans, G.H. 1905. Notes on Burmese Reptiles. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 169-171 - get paper here
  • GAO, ZHIWEI; TIANYU QIAN, JIANPING JIANG, DEJIA HOU, XUEJIAN DENG & DAODE YANG. 2022. Species diversity and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in Hunan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (2): 21290, 1–15 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1853. Descriptions of some undescribed species of reptiles collected by Dr. Joseph Hooker in the Khassia Mountains, East Bengal, and Sikkim Himalaya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 12: 386 - 392 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kundu, S., Lalremsanga, H. T., Biakzuala, L., Chandra, K., & Kumar, V. 2020. DNA barcoding reveals distinct population of Dopasia gracilis (Squamata: Anguidae) in Mizoram, Northeast India. Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 5(3), 3247-3251 - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H.T., L. Khawlhring & Lalrotluanga 2010. Three additional lizard (Squamata: Sauria) records for Mizoram, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(2): 718-720 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • NGUYEN, TRUONG QUANG; WOLFGANG BÖHME, TAO THIEN NGUYEN, QUYET KHAC LE, KRISTIAN ROBERT PAHL, TANJA HAUS & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2011. Review of the genus Dopasia Gray, 1853 (Squamata: Anguidae) in the Indochina subregion. Zootaxa 2894: 58–68 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1940. The Amphibians and Reptiles obtained by Mr. Ronald Kaulback in Upper Burma. Records of the Indian Museum 42: 465-486 - get paper here
  • Song, Bo; Shifeng Cheng,Yanbo Sun, Xiao Zhong, Jieqiong Jin, Rui Guan, Robert W Murphy, Jing Che,Yaping Zhang, and Xin Liu 2015. A genome draft of the legless anguid lizard, Ophisaurus gracilis. GigaScience, doi: 10.1186/s13742-015-0056-7 - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on the Incubation and Brood of the Indo- Burmese Snake Lizard or Slow Worm (Ophisaurus gracilis). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 503-504 - get paper here
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
  • Yonle, Rujas 2020. Notes on Asian Glass Lizards, Dopasia gracilis (Gray 1845), in Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalaya, India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (3): 508-511 - get paper here
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