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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymDraco iskandari MCGUIRE, BROWN, MUMPUNI, RIYANTO & ANDAYANI 2007: 183 
DistributionIndonesia ((Tahulandang Island, off N Sulawesi)

Type locality: Desa Haasi, Pulau Tahulandang, Kepulauan Sangihe, Propinsi Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia (2.32012° N, 125.41974° E).  
TypesHolotype: MZB Lace.6336 (field number 5 JAM 2348), an adult male, collected on May 5, 1998 by Jimmy A. McGuire. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Draco iskandari can be distinguished from all other members of the D. lineatus group by the following combination of characteristics: (1) dorsal patagial coloration of males and females usually with three (but occasionally with as many as five) tan radial bands on a black field, (2) male dewlap short and rounded distally, (3) dewlap in males orange, but appearing red during display, (4) presence of a melanic interorbital spot in males, (5) presence of large melanic rhomboidal nuchal spot in both sexes, (6) presence of a large melanic rhomboidal postnuchal spot in both sexes, (7) melanic nuchal and post-nuchal spots surrounded by white pigments in males, (8) presence of melanic ‘eye spots’ (dark spots with associated white or pale pigments) on the supraorbital semicircles of both sexes, (9) absence of a parietal lens, and (10) tympana completely covered by scales (McGuire et al. 2007). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet iskandari is a non-latinized patronym in honor of Djoko T. Iskandar (1950-), the world’s authority on the herpetology of Indonesia, in recognition of his tremendous contribution to our knowledge of the herpetology of this region. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2011. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi: Underestimated Diversity in a Dynamic Environment. In: F.E. Zachos and J.C. Habel (eds.), Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, Berlin, p. 383-404 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • MCGUIRE, JIMMY A.; RAFE M. BROWN, MUMPUNI, AWAL RIYANTO, AND NOVIAR ANDAYANI 2007. The flying lizards of the Draco lineatus group (Squamata: Iguania: Agamidae): A taxonomic revision with descriptions of two new species. Herpetological Monographs 21 (1): 180-213. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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