You are here » home advanced search search results Draco maculatus

Draco maculatus (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Draco maculatus - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Draco maculatus?

Add your own observation of
Draco maculatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesDraco maculatus divergens TAYLOR 1934
Draco maculatus whiteheadi BOULENGER 1900
Draco maculatus maculatus (GRAY 1845)
Draco maculatus haasei BOETTGER 1893 
Common NamesE: Spotted Flying Dragon, Spotted Gliding Lizard
G: Gefleckter Flugdrache
Chinese: 斑飞蜥 
SynonymDracunculus maculatus GRAY 1845
Draco maculatus — CANTOR 1847
Dracunculus maculatus — GÜNTHER 1861: 268
Draco maculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 262
Draco haasei BOETTGER 1893: 429 (fide SMITH 1935)
Draco maculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 262
Draco maculatus — SMITH 1935: 138
Draco maculatus — TAYLOR 1963: 823
Draco maculatus — WERMUTH 1967
Draco maculatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 169
Draco maculatus — COX et al. 1998: 100
Draco maculatus — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001
Draco cf. maculatus — ZIEGLER et al. 2015

Draco maculatus divergens TAYLOR 1934
Draco divergens TAYLOR 1934
Draco maculatus divergens — TAYLOR 1963
Draco maculatus divergens — WERMUTH 1967
Draco maculatus divergens — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus divergens — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Draco maculatus haasei BOETTGER 1893
Draco haasei BOETTGER 1893: 429
Draco hasei — BOULENGER 1894 (Zool. Rec., in error)
Draco maculatus haasii — SMITH & KLOSS 1915 (in error)
Draco maculatus haasei — TAYLOR 1963: 829
Draco maculatus haasei — WERMUTH 1967: 51
Draco maculatus haasei — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus haasii — HALLERMANN 2005
Draco maculatus haasei — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Draco maculatus maculatus (GRAY 1845)
Draco maculatus maculatus — HENNIG 1936
Draco maculatus maculatus — TAYLOR 1963
Draco maculatus maculatus — WERMUTH 1967: 50
Draco maculatus maculatus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus maculatus — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Draco maculatus whiteheadi BOULENGER 1900
Draco whiteheadi BOULENGER 1899: 956
Draco whiteheadi — BARBOUR 1909: 63
Draco whiteheadi — SMTH 1923
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — HENNIG 1936
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — TAYLOR 1963: 831
Draco whiteheadi — COLBERT 1967
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionS China (Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, SE Xizang = Tibet),
India (E. Himalayas to Assam - Naga hills and Abor country, Mizoram), Myanmar (= Burma), Laos, Vietnam (Son La etc.), Thailand, W Malaysia (incl. Pulau Langkawi)

divergens: Nw Thailand; Type locality: Chieng Mai, N Siam; restricted to Doi Suthep Mountain by TAYLOR 1963.

haasei: E Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam; Type locality: Chantaboon, Siam.

whiteheadi: N Vietnam, Hainan; Type locality: Five-finger Mountains, interior of Hainan.

Type locality: Penang  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.27.22 (23.9a) fide Musters 1983: 53
Holotype: ANSP 19938; Thailand, Chiang Mai [divergens]
Holotype: SMF 9700, male [haasei]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.26.79 [whiteheadi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A moderately sized species (maximum snout-vent length 87 mm); nostril directed outward and slightly upward; a series of keeled scales for- ming a A-shaped figure on the snout; usually two median teeth in the upper jaw; supralabials 7-11, smooth; a low thornlike scale on the supraciliary edge; tym- panum covered with small scales; gular pouch in males with slightly enlarged scales; lateral pouches with enlarged scales; nuchal crest present; dorsals 117-152, some are keeled, unequal; usually five ribs in patagium; hindlimbs about as long as distance between the legs; scales on tail strongly keeled, more or less with a caudal crest in males (Musters 1983: 52).

Diagnosis (maculatus maculatus). Bluish grey spot at thebase of the gular pouch; ventral parts of patagium usually unmarked or with 1-4 dark spots (Musters 1983: 53).

Diagnosis (divergens). Small bluish spots at the base of the gular pouch; ventral parts of the patagium with numerous black spots (Taylor, 1963, Musters 1983: 54).

Diagnosis (haasei). Base of gular pouch yellowish white, without blue spots or markings; ventral parts of patagium without or with a few (to five) black spots (Musters 1983: 55).

Diagnosis (whiteheadi). Base of the gular pouch brownish, without a blue spot; ventral parts of patagium immaculate (Musters 1983: 57).

More detailed description in Musters 1983: 52 ff. 
CommentDistribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). ZHAO AND ADLER (1993) question the validity of the type locality. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boettger, O. 1893. Ein neuer Drache (Draco) aus Siam. Zool. Anz. 16: 429-430 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1900. On the reptiles, batrachians (and fishes) collected by the late Mr. john Whitehead in the interior of Hainan. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1899: 956-959 - get paper here
  • Cantor. T. E. 1847. Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. J Asiat. Soc., Bengal, Calcutta. 16 (2): 607 - 656, 897-952, 1026 - 1078 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Colbert, Edwin H. 1967. Adaptations for gliding in the lizard Draco. American Museum Novitates (2283): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Geissler, P., Hartmann, T., Ihlow, F., Neang T., Seng R., Wagner, P. & Bohme, W. 2019. Herpetofauna of the Phnom Kulen National Park, northern Cambodia—An annotated checklist. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2019 (1): 40–63 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. and L. Lee Grismer. 2015. Notes on reproduction of seven species of Draco: D. abbreviatus, D. blanfordii, D. formosus, D. maculatus, D. maximus, D. sumatranus, D. taeniopterus (Squamata: Agamidae) from South-east Asia. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 117-121
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691:53-66 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Grismer, Thomas R. Szutz and Timothy M. Youmans 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., Neang, T., Chav, T. & Grismer, J.L. 2008. Checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the Cardamom region of Southwestern Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2008(1): 12–28 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. Second list of Siamese reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 8: 266-268 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. The bizarre arboreal agamids. Reptilia (GB) (42): 8-15 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. Mit Hörnern, Kämmen und Gleithäuten - die bizarren Baumagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Hartmann, Timo 2012. Unter Forschern. Vielfalt zwischen Tempeln und Landminen – Herpetologische Feldarbeit in Kambodscha. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (3): 42-45 - get paper here
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Hennig, W. 1936. Revision der Gattung Draco (Agamidae). Temminckia, Leiden 1: 153-220
  • Inger,R.F. 1983. Morphological and ecological variation in the flying lizards (genus Draco). Fieldiana: Zoology, New Ser. 18: vi, 1-35 - get paper here
  • Klabacka, R.L., Wood, P.L. Jr., McGuire, J.A., Oaks, J.R., Lee Grismer, L., Grismer, J.L., Aowphol, A., Sites, J.W. Jr., 2020. Rivers of Indochina as potential drivers of lineage diversification in the spotted flying lizard (Draco maculatus) species complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (2020), doi:
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. & Heang, Kiew Bong 2001. Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203–229 - get paper here
  • Nampochai, W., Rongchapho, P., Makchai, S., & Cota, M. 2021. Distribution of the Flying Lizard Genus Draco Linnaeus, 1758 (Squamata: Agamidae) of the Reference Collection of the Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 15(1), 65-72 - get paper here
  • Neang Thy, L.L. Grismer et al. 2010. First report of the herpetofauna of Dalai Mountain in Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sactuary, southwestern Cardamon Mountains, Cambodia. Cambodian J Nat. Hist. 2010 (2): 127-143 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Anh Van Pham, Hoang Van Tu, Tan Van Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler 2018. New records and an updated list of lizards from Son La Province, Vietnam. Herpetology Notes 11: 209-216 - get paper here
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • SACHA, M. 2015. Herpetoreisen in Thailand: Erste Eindrücke aus Krabi. Sauria 37 (3): 43-55 - get paper here
  • Smith, M. A. 1923. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from the island of Hainan. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 6: 195—212
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. & Kloss,C.B. 1915. On reptiles and batrachians from the coast and islands of South-East Siam. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 1: 237-249
  • Srichairat, N., Duengkae, P., Jantrarotai, P. & Chuaynkern, Y. 2016. Sexual dimorphism in the spotted flying lizard Draco maculatus (Gray, 1845) (Squamata: Agamidae) from Thailand. Agric. Nat. Resour. 50: 120–124 - get paper here
  • Srichairat, Nattawut; Pattanee Jantrarotai, Prateep Duengkaeb, Yodchaiy Chuaynkern 2017. Identification key to species of the flying lizard genus Draco Linnaeus, 1758 (Squamata: Agamidae) in Thailand. Agriculture and Natural Resources - get paper here
  • Stone, F.H.S. 1913. Notes on the Flying Lizard (Draco maculatus). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 640 - get paper here
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1934. Zoological results of the third De Schauensee Siamese Expedition, part IlI. Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 86: 281-310 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Waltner, R.C. 1975. Geographical and altitudinal distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Himalayas. Cheetal (Dehra Dun, India) 16(1): 17-25; 16(2): 28-36; 16(3): 14-19; 16(4): 12-17.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T., RAUHAUS, A., NGUYEN, T.Q. & NGUYEN, K.V. 2015. Südlichster Nachweis von Gekko badenii SZCZERBAK & NEKRASOVA, 1994, mit Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna der Hon-Me-Auffangstation in der Provinz Kien Giang, Südvietnam. Sauria 37 (2): 3 - 14 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T., RAUHAUS, A., TRAN, T.D., PHAM, C.T., VAN SCHINGEN, M., DANG, P.H., LE, M.D. & NGUYEN, T.Q. 2015. Die Amphibien- und Reptilienfauna der Me-Linh-Biodiversitätsstation in Nordvietnam. Sauria 37 (4): 11-44 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mulcahy, D.G. 2019. Identification guide Amphibians and reptiles of South Tanintharyi. Fauna & Flora International, 101 pp.
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator