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Draco obscurus BOULENGER, 1887

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesDraco obscurus obscurus BOULENGER 1887
Draco obscurus laetepictus HENNING 1936 
Common NamesE: Dusky Gliding Lizard
G: Rotlappen-Flugdrache 
SynonymDraco obscurus BOULENGER 1887: 95
Draco obscurus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 85
Draco formosus obscurus — HENNIG 1936: 218
Draco formosus obscurus — WERMUTH 1967: 48
Draco formosus obscurus — MANTHEY 1983
Draco obscurus obscurus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco affinis BAUMANN 1913 (non BARTLETT 1894; fide MANTHEY 1983)
Draco obscurus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 172
Draco obscurus — COX et al. 1998: 102
Draco obscurus obscurus — MALKMUS et al. 2002: 238
Draco cf. obscurus — AULIYA 2006

Draco obscurus laetepictus HENNING 1936
Draco formosus laetepictus — HENNING 1936
Draco formosus laetepictus — WERMUTH 1967: 48
Draco obscurus laetepictus — MUSTERS 1983: 69 
Distributionobscurus: Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Natuna islands), Thailand; Type locality: Mount Kina Baloo, Borneo.

laetepictus: Mentawei Islands; Type locality: Siberut, Mentawei Islands.  
TypesHolotype: unlocated
Holotype: MTD (= MTKD), destroyed (lost), paratype: ZRC [laetepictus]
Holotype: not in BMNH (P. Campbell, pers. comm., 7 July 2014). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Gular pouch in males only slightly widened distally; dorsals 146-174; hindlimbs 0.92-1.08 times the distance between the limbs; tail length 1.83-2.00 times the snout-vent length; chin with large light yellowish spots, making a reticulated impression (Musters 1983: 66).

Draco formosus and D. obscurus differ in the degree of distal expansion of the dewlap in males (greatly expanded in D. formosus, unexpanded or only slightly expanded in D. obscurus), in maximum body size (D. formosus reaches 114mm SVL [n=62], whereas D. obscurus reaches only 100 mm SVL [n= 25]), and in several colour pattern features (D. obscurus males lack the dark radial bands on the dorsal patagium that are present in D. formosus males, and have a peach-coloured eye ring that is lacking in D. formosus).

More detailed description in Musters 1983: 66.

See also description in De Rooij 1915: 85. 
CommentSubspecies: Draco obscurus formosus BOULENGER 1900 has been elevated to full species status. 
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. On new reptiles and batrachians from North Borneo. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 95-97 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1900. Description of new batrachians and reptiles from Larut Hills, Perak. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 6: 186-193. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • DAS, I. & LIM, K.K.P. 2001. Catalogue of herpetological types in the collection of the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49 (1): 7-11 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Denzer, W. & MANTHEY, U. 1991. A nominal checklist of the lizards inhabiting Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Raffles Bull. Zool., 39(2): 309-322 - get paper here
  • Diong, C.H. & Soon, S.Y.T. 1999. Size and Shape Description of Oviductal Eggs of Draco obscurus formosus (Squamata: Agamidae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 25-28 - get paper here
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Hennig, W. 1936. Revision der Gattung Draco (Agamidae). Temminckia, Leiden 1: 153-220
  • Herlambang, A. E., Riyanto, A., Munir, M., Hamidy, A., Kimura, K., Eto, K., & Mumpuni, M. 2022. AFTER 16 YEARS: AN UPDATE CHECKLIST OF HERPETOFAUNA ON THE NATUNA ISLANDS, INDONESIA. TREUBIA, 49(2), 67-84 - get paper here
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Kobayashi, Mari; Nabhitabhata,Jarujin; Yong, Soi-Sen & Hikida,Tsutomu 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of the flying lizards, genus Draco (Reptilia: Agamidae). Zoological Science 16: 535-549 - get paper here
  • Inger,R.F. 1983. Morphological and ecological variation in the flying lizards (genus Draco). Fieldiana: Zoology, New Ser. 18: vi, 1-35 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. & Heang, Kiew Bong 2001. Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203–229 - get paper here
  • Nampochai, W., Rongchapho, P., Makchai, S., & Cota, M. 2021. Distribution of the Flying Lizard Genus Draco Linnaeus, 1758 (Squamata: Agamidae) of the Reference Collection of the Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 15(1), 65-72 - get paper here
  • Onn, Chan Kin; Mohd. Shahfiz Azman, Nor Azlin and Pan Khang Aun 2009. Additions to the Herpetofauna of Pasoh Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20 (1): 71–80 - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1931. On some reptiles and a frog from the Natuna Islands. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 5: 46-48
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1937. Draco blanfordi and its allies. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum 13: 75-76
  • Srichairat, Nattawut; Pattanee Jantrarotai, Prateep Duengkaeb, Yodchaiy Chuaynkern 2017. Identification key to species of the flying lizard genus Draco Linnaeus, 1758 (Squamata: Agamidae) in Thailand. Agriculture and Natural Resources - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
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