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Draco ornatus (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Draco ornatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: White-spotted Flying Lizard 
SynonymDracunculus ornatus GRAY 1845: 235
Draco ornatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 124
Draco ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 259
Draco spilopterus spilopterus — HENNIG 1936: 185 (part.)
Draco spilopterus — MUSTERS 1983: 72 (part.)
Draco volans — INGER 1983: 8 (part.)
Draco ornatus — MCGUIRE & ALCALA 2000: 112
Draco ornatus — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001 
DistributionPhilippines (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar)

Type locality: Philippines.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.27.30 (designated by Musters 1983) 
CommentSynonymy and distribution after MCGUIRE & ALCALA 2000. Statements that D. ornatus can be found on Luzon and Negros (BOULENGER 1885 and TAYLOR 1922) are almost certainly incorrect (MCGUIRE & ALCALA 2000).

This is one of only 2 Draco species in which females have more colorful patagial coloration than males (i.e. the color of the membranes that covers the elongated ribs). 
EtymologyThe Latin ornata, -us, = decorated" or "ornamented," refers to the ornate coloration. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Decena, S. C. P., Macasait Jr, D. R., & Arguelles, M. S. 2023. Species Accounts, Assemblage, and Microhabitats of Amphibians and Reptiles of Northeastern Leyte, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science, 152(1), 1-34
  • Gaulke, Maren 1994. Notes on the herpetofauna of Panaon and Samar, East Visayans, Philippines. Hamadryad 19: 1-10 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hennig, W. 1936. Revision der Gattung Draco (Agamidae). Temminckia, Leiden 1: 153-220
  • Inger,R.F. 1983. Morphological and ecological variation in the flying lizards (genus Draco). Fieldiana: Zoology, New Ser. 18: vi, 1-35 - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. & Heang, Kiew Bong 2001. Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203–229 - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. and Angel C. Alcala 2000. A taxonomic revision of the flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) of the Philippine Islands, with a description of a new species. Herpetological Monographs 14: 81-138 - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. and Robert Dudley 2011. The Biology of Gliding in Flying Lizards (Genus Draco) and their Fossil and Extant Analogs. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 51 (6): 983–990 - get paper here
  • Musters, C. J. M. 1983. Taxonomy of the genus Draco L. (Agamidae, Lacertilia, Reptilia). Zoologische Verhandelingen (199): 1-120 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Solania, C. L., Cuadrado, J. T., Galolo, A. R. V., & Gamalinda, E. F. 2021. Species Richness and Community Structure of Amphibians and Reptiles in Andanan Watershed Forest Reserve, Caraga Region, Philippines. Biodiversity Journal 12 (3): 673–694 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
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