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Draco spilonotus GÜNTHER, 1872

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymDraco spilonotus GÜNTHER 1872
Draco spilopterus GÜNTHER 1872 (non Draco spilopterus WIEGMANN 1834)
Draco spilonotus — BOULENGER 1885: 265
Draco spilonotus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 77
Draco lineatus spilonotus — HENNIG 1936: 199
Draco lineatus spilonotus — WERMUTH 1967: 50
Draco lineatus spilonotus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco lineatus spilonotus — MALKMUS 2000
Draco spilonotus — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001
Draco spilonotus — MCGUIRE et al. 2007 
DistributionIndonesia (N Sulawesi)

Type locality: Manado.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.27.26, designated by Musters, 1983) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Draco spilonotus can be distinguished from all other members of the D. lineatus group by the following combination of characteristics: (1) the dorsal patagial coloration of males vivid yellow, orange, or red, often with scattered brown spots proximally, (2) male dewlap short and rounded distally, (3) dewlap and lappets in males bright yellow in coloration, (4) absence of a melanic interorbital spot in males, (5) presence of a small melanic nuchal spot in both sexes, (6) the variable presence of a small melanic postnuchal spot in both sexes, (7) absence of white pigments in association with nuchal and variably present postnuchal spots, (8) presence of melanic ‘eye spots’ (dark spots with associated white or pale pigments) on the supraorbital semicircles of both sexes, (9) absence of a parietal lens, and (10) tympana that may be unscaled, partially scaled, or completely covered by scales (from MCGUIRE et al. 2007). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1872. On the reptiles and amphibians of Borneo. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 586-600. - get paper here
  • Hennig, W. 1936. Revision der Gattung Draco (Agamidae). Temminckia, Leiden 1: 153-220
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. 2000. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf Sulawesi. Sauria 22 (2): 11-17 - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. & Heang, Kiew Bong 2001. Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203–229 - get paper here
  • MCGUIRE, JIMMY A.; RAFE M. BROWN, MUMPUNI, AWAL RIYANTO, AND NOVIAR ANDAYANI 2007. The flying lizards of the Draco lineatus group (Squamata: Iguania: Agamidae): A taxonomic revision with descriptions of two new species. Herpetological Monographs 21 (1): 180-213. - get paper here
  • Musters, C. J. M. 1983. Taxonomy of the genus Draco L. (Agamidae, Lacertilia, Reptilia). Zoologische Verhandelingen (199): 1-120 - get paper here
  • Wanger, T. C., I. Motzke, S. Saleh & D. T. Iskandar 2011. The amphibians and reptiles of the Lore Lindu National Park area, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Salamandra 47 (1): 17-29 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, Heinz 1967. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Agamidae. Das Tierreich 86: 1-127
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