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Echinosaura keyi (FRITTS & SMITH, 1969)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Key Tegu
S: Lagartija minadora tropical 
SynonymTeuchocercus keyi FRITTS & SMITH 1969
Teuchocercus keyi — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001
Teuchocercus keyi — FRITTS et al. 2002
Teuchocercus keyi — KÖHLER et al. 2004
Echinosaura keyi — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2016
Echinosaura keyi — YÁNEZ-MUÑOZ et al. 2021 
DistributionEcuador (Esmeraldas)

Type locality: Ecuador, Pichincha, 4 km E Rio Baba bridge, 600 m  
TypesHolotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 80451 
CommentPossibly a species of Echinosaura.

Type species: Teuchocercus keyi FRITTS & SMITH 1969 is the type species of the genus Teuchocercus FRITTS & SMITH 1969. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. George Key (1942-1999), a physician and amateur herpetologist who collected amphibians and reptiles in Ecuador for the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Carrera, C. et al. 2009. Guía de Campo de los Pequeños Vertebrados del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito (DMQ). Publicación Miscelánea N° 5. Serie de Publicaciones del Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales (MECN) – Fondo Ambiental del MDMQ. 1-89 pp. Imprenta Nuevo Arte. Quito-Ecuador.
  • Fritts, T.H. & SMITH, H.M. 1969. A new teiid lizard genus from Western Ecuador. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 72: 54-59 - get paper here
  • Fritts, Thomas H., Ana Almendáriz and Sissi Samec 2002. A new species of Echinosaura (Gymnophthalmidae) from Ecuador and Colombia with comments on other members of the genus and Teuchocercus keyi. Journal of Herpetology 36 (3): 349-355 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G.; Böhme, W. & Schmitz, A. 2004. A new species of Echinosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Ecuador. Journal of Herpetology 38 (1): 52-60 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2001. Lizards of Ecuador: Checklist, Distribution, and Systematic References. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (131): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Simón E. Lobos, Pablo J. Venegas, Germán Chávez, Vanessa Aguirre-Peñafiel, Daniel Zurita, Lourdes Y. Echevarría 2016. Phylogeny and biogeography of the most diverse clade of South American gymnophthalmid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Cercosaurinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 99: 63-75, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.03.006
  • Yánez-Muñoz MH, Torres-Carvajal O, Reyes-Puig JP, Urgiles-Merchán MA, Koch C. 2021. A new and very spiny lizard (Gymnophthalmidae: Echinosaura) from the Andes in northwestern Ecuador. PeerJ 9:e12523 - get paper here
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