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Ecpleopus gaudichaudii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Ecpleopodinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesPortuguese: Lagartinho-da-Mata, Lagartinho-do-Rabo-Liso, Lagartinho-da-Serra-do-Mar 
SynonymEcpleopus gaudichaudii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 436
Arthroseps fluminensis AMARAL 1933: 67 (fide UZZELL 1969)
Arthroseps werneri BOULENGER 1898: 921 (fide UZZELL 1969)
Ecpleopus gaudichaudii — BOULENGER 1885: 401
Ecpleopus gaudichaudii — PETERS et al. 1970: 113
Arthroseps fluminensis — PETERS et al. 1970: 76
Alopoglossus gracilis WERNER 1913: 13
Ecpleopus gaudichaudii — CASTOE et al. 2004 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo etc.)

Arthroseps werneri: Brazil (Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina); Type locality: Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Type locality: Brazil  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 7047, adult female with egg (type is largely destroyed)
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.2.4 [werneri] 
CommentSynonymy: mostly after Uzzell 1969: 5.

Type species: Ecpleopus gaudichaudii is the type species of the genus Ecpleopus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839. Ecpleopus is the type genus for the subfamily Ecpleopinae (Castoe et al. 2004; Pyron et al. 2013), or the tribus Ecpleopodini Fitzinger, 1843.

For diagnostic morphological characters distinguishing Marinussaurus, Amapasaurus, Anotosaura, Arthrosaura, Colobosauroides, Dryadosaura,Ecpleopus, Kaieteurosaurus, Leposoma, and Pantepuisaurus see Table 2 in PELOSO et al. 2011.

Taxonomy: Fitzinger (1843) formed the family name Ecpleopoda and subsequent uses and spellings included Ecpleopoda (e.g., Tschudi 1847), Ecpleopidae (Cope 1864), Ecpleopodidae (Cope 1868;1875), Ecpleopinae (Castoe et al. 2004; Pyron et al. 2013), Ecpleopini (Pellegrino et al. 2001), Ecpleopodinae (Rodrigues et al. 2009b) and Ecpleopodini (Peloso et al. 2011). Colli et al. 2015 renamed and included Pantepuisaurus in the subfamily Ecpleopodinae. 
EtymologyEcpleopus was named by Duméril & Bibron (1839), by the combination of ecpleos (Latin transliteration of the Greek ἔκπλεος), which means complete or full (Liddell & Scott 1889), and pous (Latin transliteration of the Greek πούς), which means foot (Liddell & Scott 1889). Named after Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré (1789 – 1854), a French botanist who traveled to South America and Australia. 
  • Almeida-Gomes, Mauricio and Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2014. Diversity and Distribution of Lizards in Fragmented Atlantic Forest Landscape in Southeastern Brazil. Journal of Herpetology Sep 2014, Vol. 48, No. 3: 423-429. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bérnils, Renato S.;Antônio de Pádua Almeida João Luiz Gasparini Ana Carolina Srbek-AraujoCarlos Frederico D. Rocha Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2014. RÉPTEIS NA RESERVA NATURAL VALE, LINHARES, ESPÍRITO SANTO, BRASIL. Ciência & Ambiente 49: 93-210 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1898. Third report on additions to the lizard collection in the Natural History Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1898: 912-923. - get paper here
  • Bruscagin, R. T., M. Dixo, S. Famelli & J. Bertoluci 2017. Patch size effects on richness, abundance, and diversity of leaf-litter lizards from Atlantic rainforest fragments. Salamandra 53 (1): 59-65 - get paper here
  • Caldeira Costa, H.; Dias Fernandes, V.; Castro Rodrigues, A. & Neves Feio, R. 2009. Lizards and Amphisbaenians, municipality of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. Check List 5 (3): 732–745 - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • COLLI, GUARINO R.; MARINUS S. HOOGMOED, DAVID C. CANNATELLA, JOSÉ CASSIMIRO, JERRIANE OLIVEIRA GOMES, JOSÉ MÁRIO GHELLERE, PEDRO M. SALES-NUNES, KÁTIA C. M. PELLEGRINO, PATRICIA SALERNO, SERGIO MARQUES DE SOUZA & MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2015. Description and phylogenetic relationships of a new genus and two new species of lizards from Brazilian Amazonia, with nomenclatural comments on the taxonomy of Gymnophthalmidae (Reptilia: Squamata). Zootaxa 4000 (4): 401–427 - get paper here
  • Cozer, J. S., Pereira-Ribeiro, J., Linause, T. M., Ferreguetti, A. C., de Godoy Bergallo, H., & da Rocha, C. F. D. 2020. Reptile diversity in the Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206040-e20206040 - get paper here
  • Dixo, M. and Verdade, V.K. 2006. Leaf litter herpetofauna of the Reserva Florestal de Morro Grande, Cotia (SP). [in Portuguese] Biota Neotropica 6 (2): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Kunz, T.S.; I.R. Ghizoni-Jr; M.E. Graipel. 2011. Reptilia, Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Ecpleopus gaudichaudi Duméril and Bibron, 1839: Distribution extension in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Check List 7 (1):11-12 - get paper here
  • Liddell, H.G. & Scott, R. 1889. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 910 pp
  • Macculloch, R. AND AMY LATHROP 2001. A New Species of Arthrosaura (Sauria: Teiidae) from the Highlands of Guyana. Carib. J. Sci. 37 (3-4): 174-181 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Ramos, Luciana de and Adriano Lima Silveira. 2011. New records and distribution map of Ecpleopus gaudichaudii<br />(Reptilia, Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) in southeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 4: 173-176. - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Peloso, Pedro L.V.; Katia C. M. Pellegrino, Miguel T. Rodrigues, and Teresa C.S. Ávila-Pires 2011. Description and Phylogenetic Relationships of a New Genus and Species of Lizard (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from the Amazonian Rainforest of Northern Brazil. American Museum Novitates (3713): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Pereira-Ribeiro, J., et al. 2017. Ecpleopus gaudichaudii Predation. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 437 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino, Marianna Dixo, Vanessa Kruth Verdade, Dante Pavan, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argolo, and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2007. A new genus of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forests of State of Bahia, Brazil, with a new generic name for Colobosaura mentalis, and a discussion of relationships among the Heterodactylini (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum novitates (3565): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Uzzell, T.M. 1969. The status of the genera Ecpleopus, Arthroseps and Aspidolaemus (Sauria, Teiidae). Postilla 135: 1-23 - get paper here
  • Vrcibradic, D.; C.F.D. Rocha; M.C. Kiefer; F.H. Hatano; A.F. Fontes; M. Almeida-Gomes; C.C. Siqueira; J.A.L. Pontes; V.N.T. Borges-Junior; L.O. Gil; T. Klaion; E.C.N. Rubião; M. Sluys. 2011. Herpetofauna, Estação Ecológica Estadual do Paraíso, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 745-749 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
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