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Elaphe cantoris (BOULENGER, 1894)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Eastern Trinket Snake
G: Östliche Kletternatter 
SynonymColuber cantoris BOULENGER 1894: 35
Coluber reticularis CANTOR 1839: 51 (non DAUDIN; fide BOULENGER 1894)
Spilotes reticularis — GÜNTHER 1858: 98 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Compsosoma reticulare — ANDERSON 1871: 172
Elaphe cantoris — SHAW et al. 1939
Elaphe cantoris — SMITH 1943: 152
Elaphe cantoris — DAS 1996: 56
Gonyosoma cantoris — WALLACH 1997
Elaphe cantoris — VOGEL 2002 (pers. comm.)
Orthriophis cantoris — UTIGER et al. 2002
Elaphe cantoris — GRUBER in SCHLEICH & KÄSTLE 2002
Elaphe cantoris — SHARMA 2004
Ortriophis cantoris — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 513 (in error)
Orthriophis cantoris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 512
Elaphe cantoris — CHEN et al. 2017 
DistributionIndia (Sikkim, Assam, Nagaland), Nepal, Myanmar (= Burma), Bhutan

Type locality: Himalayas, Khasi and Garo Hills, Myanmar (= Burma).  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Ao J. M., David P., Bordoloi S., Ohler A. 2004. Notes on a collection of snakes from Nagaland, Northeast India, with 19 new records for this state. Russian Journal of Herpetology 11 (2): 155 – 162
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Chen, X., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M., Alexander Pyron, R., Burbrink, F.T. 2017. Using phylogenomics to understand the link between biogeographic origins and regional diversification in ratsnakes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das,I. 1996. Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Helfenberger, Notker, Karen B. Shah, Nicolai L. Orlov and Gaston-Denis Guex. 2000. Eine seltene Natter aus Nepal, Elaphe cantoris Boulenger, 1894) (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae). Sauria 22 (2): 3-10 - get paper here
  • HOBCROFT, D. & K.-D. SCHULZ 2010. First Record of Orthriophis cantoris (Boulenger, 1894) from Bhutan. [in German]. Sauria 32 (2): 56 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Qi, S., Shi, J. S., Ma, Y. B., Gao, Y. F., Bu, S. H., Grismer, L. L., Li, P.P. & Wang, Y. Y. 2021. A sheep in wolf's clothing: Elaphe xiphodonta sp. nov.(Squamata, Colubridae) and its possible mimicry to Protobothrops jerdonii. ZooKeys 1048: 23-47 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. & Kästle, W. (eds.) 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Koeltz, Königstein, 1200 pp. [review in Reptilia 40: 87] - get paper here
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, K.-D. 1990. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe, Teil 19 Elaphe cantoris (CANTOR 1839). Sauria 12 (3): 19-20 - get paper here
  • Shah, K. B. 1998. Checklist of the herpetofauna of Nepal with english and vernacular names. NAHSON Bull., Nat. Hist. Soc. Nepal, Kathmandu 8 (1-4): 26-30
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Swan, L.W., & Leviton, A.E. 1962. The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1997. Book review: A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 110 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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