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Elaphe davidi (SAUVAGE, 1884)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Pere David's Rat Snake
G: Davids Kletternatter
Chinese: 团花锦蛇 
SynonymTropidonotus Davidi SAUVAGE 1884: 144
Coluber davidi — BOULENGER 1894: 56
Coluber halli BOULENGER 1914
Elaphe halli — MELL 1931 [1929]
Elaphe davidi — MELL 1931 [1929]
Elaphe davidi — POPE 1935
Elaphe davidi — SCHULZ 1996
Elaphe davidi — UTIGER et al. 2002
Elaphe davidi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 262 
DistributionNE China (southward to Hebei and Shanxi, Beijing, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Shanxi),
N Korea

Type locality: China (Sauvage, 1884)  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 6154 (formerly MNHN 1867.86), a 700 mm specimen (J.P.A. David, 1862–1869).
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.7.42-43 [halli] 
EtymologyNamed after the collector, Père Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist. For biographical notes see Conniff 2011: 305ff. 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Conniff, Richard 2011. The Species Seekers. Norton, New York, 464 pp.
  • Helfenberger, Notker 2001. Phylogenetic relationship of Old World Ratsnakes based on visceral organ topography, osteology, and allozyme variation. Russ. J. Herpetol. (Suppl.): 1-56 - get paper here
  • Helfenberger, Notker and Beat Schätti 1998. Morphological adaptations for egg-eating in the snake Elaphe davidi Sauvage 1884. Russ. J. Herpetol. 5 (1): 36-42. - get paper here
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Qi, S., Shi, J. S., Ma, Y. B., Gao, Y. F., Bu, S. H., Grismer, L. L., Li, P.P. & Wang, Y. Y. 2021. A sheep in wolf's clothing: Elaphe xiphodonta sp. nov.(Squamata, Colubridae) and its possible mimicry to Protobothrops jerdonii. ZooKeys 1048: 23-47 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H.-E. 1884. Sur quelques Reptiles de la collection du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 8: 142-146 - get paper here
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, K.-D. 1989. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe, Teil 15 Elaphe davidi (SAUVAGE 1884). Sauria 11 (1): 21-22 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Szyndlar, Z. 1985. Occurrence of Elaphe davidi (Sauvage, 1884) (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The Snake 17 (2):163-167.
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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