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Elapoidis fusca (BOIE, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Elapoidis fusca - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, incertae sedis, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymElapodis fusca H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1826 (nomen nudum)
Elapodis fuscus SCHLEGEL 1826 (nomen nudum)
Elapoidis fusca H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1827: 519
Elapoïdis fuscus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 123
Elapoidis fuscus — GÜNTHER 1858
Elapoides fuscus — JAN 1862 (unjustified emendation)
Calamaria elapoides SCHLEGEL 1837: 44
Elapoides fuscus — BOULENGER 1893: 307
Elapoides fusca — KOPSTEIN 1938
Elapoides fuscus — SHINE 1994
Elapoidis fusca — DAVID & VOGEL 1996: 86
Elapoidis fusca — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 347
Elapoidis fuscus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 264 
DistributionIndonesia (Java)

Type locality: Java  
TypesSyntypes: RMNH RENA 10427 (H. Boie and Macklot fide Haas, 1950: 559, or H. Kuhl and C.J. von Hassett fide Schlegel, 1837: 44, Dec. 1820-Sept. 1821/1823). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): The genus is characterized by (1) a small size, (2) body cylindrical, slender with keeled dorsal scales in 15 rows without apical pits, (3) head hardly distinct from neck, (4) tail long, (5) ventrals oblique, (6) subcaudals paired, (7) anal shield single, (8) small, equal maxillary teeth, (9) eyes small, pupils round, (10) nostrils large piercing the middle between two nasal, and (11) preocu- lar missing, loreal shield and prefrontal shield touching the eye (Vogel et al. 2018). 
CommentSynonymy: Elapoidis sumatrana was resurrected from synonymy with E. fusca by Vogel et al. 2018.

Distribution: no confirmed records from Borneo despite reports from there. Not listed in STUEBING & INGER 1999.

Type species: Elapoidis fusca H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1827 is the type species of the genus Elapoidis H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1827.

Two color morphs can be distinguished among specimens of E. fusca from Java. Most specimens are uniformly dark brown to dark gray. Some specimens are dark brown with small yellow spots (Form B according to Boulenger 1893), giving a somehow marbeled look. 
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis von Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 12. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Yury A. Lukin 2020. A Revised Herpetofauna of Ujung Kulon National Park, West Java, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (6): 353-368 - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard 1994. Sexual size dimorphism in snakes revisited. Copeia 1994 (2): 326-346 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Vogel, G. & G. KÖHLER 1996. Notes on the occurrence of Elapoidis fusca BOIE 1827 on Borneo (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 76 (1/2): 61-63.
  • Vogel, Gernot; Patrick David, Fachrul Reza 2018. A Contribution to the Systematics of the Indonesian Snake Genus Elapoidis Boie, 1827 (Squamata: Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 25 (2): 113-120 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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