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Elapomorphus quinquelineatus (RADDI, 1820)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Raddi's Lizard-eating Snake
Portuguese: Cabeça-Preta-Grande, Cobra-Cinco-Linhas 
SynonymColuber 5-lineatus RADDI 1820: 339
Elapomorphus accedens JAN 1862: 46
Calamaria Blumii SCHLEGEL 1837: 45
Elapocephalus taeniatus — GÜNTHER 1858: 276
Elapomorphus Blumii — JAN 1865
Elapomorphus Blumii — STRAUCH 1884: 551
Elapomorphus accedens — STRAUCH 1884: 560
Elapomorphus quinquelineatus — HOGE 1959: 46
Elapomorphus quinquelineatus — DE LEMA 2002
Elapomorphus quinquelineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 261
Elapomorphus quinquelineatus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro)

Type locality: “Rio-Janeiro”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: unlocated, formerly IRMC (G. Raddi, 1817– 1818).
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.3.8 [taeniatus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Coluber 5-lineatus RADDI 1820: 339 is the type species of the genus Elapomorphus WIEGMANN in FITZINGER 1843. The genus is the the type genus of the tribe Elapomorphini which contains Apostolepis, Coronelaps 2010, Elapomorphus, and Phalotris (fide Scrocchi et al. 2022).

Elapomorphini snakes are characterized by the following suite of characters: reduction of the number of supralabial scales to six; entire nasal plate; frontal bones dorsa- lly included by the anterior-lateral processes of the parietal and almost excluded from the reduced optic foramen; exoccipitals in contact on the dorsal surface of the condyle; second supralabial scale contacting the eye (Zaher et al., 2009, Scrocchi et al. 2022). 
References
  • Bertoluci, J., CANELAS, M.A.S., EISEMBERG, C.C., PALMUTI C.F.S. & MONTINGELLI G.G. 2009. Herpetofauna of Estação Ambiental de Peti, an Atlantic Rainforest fragment of Minas Gerais State, southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 9 (1): 147-155 - get paper here
  • Caramaschii, Ulisses and Helianne de Niemeyer. 2012. Unsuccessful predation of Elapomorphus quinquelineatus (Serpentes: Colubridae) on Amphisbaena microcephala (Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae). Herpetology Notes 6: 429-430
  • Cozer, J. S., Pereira-Ribeiro, J., Linause, T. M., Ferreguetti, A. C., de Godoy Bergallo, H., & da Rocha, C. F. D. 2020. Reptile diversity in the Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206040-e20206040 - get paper here
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar Machado; Márcia Ferret Renner , Conrado Mario-da-Rosa, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniel Loebmann, Thales de Lema 2017. Redescription, geographic distribution and ecological niche modeling of Elapomorphus wuchereri (Serpentes: Dipsadidae). Phyllomedusa 16 (2): 225-242 - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard 1959. Sur la position systematique de Coluber quinquelineatus Raddi 1820. Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957-1958]: 267-274 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 14. Livraison. [Elapomorphus d’Orbignyi, Coronella getulus var. Sayi]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Klaczko, J; Sherratt E, Setz EZF 2016. Are Diet Preferences Associated to Skulls Shape Diversification in Xenodontine Snakes? PLoS One 11 (2): e0148375. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148375 - get paper here
  • Lema, Th. de 1992. Presenca de Elapomorphus quinquelineatus (Raddi) no extremo-sul do Brasil e a occorrencia de rara anomalia. (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae, Elapomorphini). COMUNICACOES DO MUSEU DE CIENCIAS DA PUCRGS SERIE ZOOLOGIA 5 (1): 1-7
  • Lema, Thales de; Hofstadler-Deiques, Clarice 1995. Estudo revisivo de Elapomorphus lepidus Reinhardt com a invalidacao de E. wuchereri Gunther, E. accedens Jan e E. coronatus Sauvage mediante analise tipologica e a ostelologia [osteologia] craniana (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae, Elapomorphini) Biociências 3 (1): 91-143
  • Malkmus,R. 1985. Herpetologische Streifzüge durch die Serra da Estrela. Herpetofauna 7 (39): 25-30 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Répteis do município de Duque de Caxias, Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Biotemas, 23 (2): 135-144
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de; Weber, L.N. & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Reptiles, Squamata, Parque Natural Municipal da Taquara, municipality of Duque de Caxias, state of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Check List 6 (2): 280-286 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pontes, J.A.L.; Figueiredo, J.P., Pontes, RC. and Rocha, C.F.D. 2008. Snakes from the Atlantic Rainforest area of Serra do Mendanha, in Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil: a first approximation to the taxocenosis composition. Braz. J. Biol. 68(3): 601-609 - get paper here
  • Raddi, G. 1820. Di alcune specie nuovi di rettili e piante brasiliana. Memorie di Matematica e di Fisica della Società Italiana delle Scienze residente in Modena 18: 313-343 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL. Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, G. J., Giraudo, A. R., & Nenda, S. J. 2022. Taxonomic notes on the Phalotris bilineatus group (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Elapomorphini), with the description of a new species from northwestern Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetología 36 (1): 47-63 - get paper here
  • SILVIA R. TRAVAGLIA-CARDOSO, GIUSEPPE PUORTO & OTAVIO A.V. MARQUES 2014. Elapomorphus quinquelineatus (five-lined burrowing snake): Feeding on squamate eggs. Herpetological Bulletin (129) - get paper here
  • Strauch,A. 1884. Bemerkungen über die Schlangengattung Elapomorphus aus der Familie der Calamariden. 2nd. Ed. Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg 29: 541-590 - get paper here
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