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Elapsoidea boulengeri BOETTGER, 1895

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Boulenger's Garter Snake 
SynonymElapsoidea Boulengeri BOETTGER 1895: 62
Elapechis boulengeri — BOULENGER 1896
Elapechis guentheri — PERACCA 1896 (non E. güntherii BOCAGE 1866)
Elapechis sundevallii — PERACCA 1896 (non Elaps sunderwallii SMITH 1849)
Elapsoidea sundevallii decosteri — LOVERIDGE 1944 (part.) (non E. decosteri BOULENGER 1896)
Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri — BROADLEY 1971
Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri — BOYCOTT 1992
Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri — AUERBACH 1987: 193
Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 24
Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri — BROADLEY in GOLAY et al. 1993: 135
Elapsoidea boulengeri — BROADLEY 1998
Elapsoidea boulengeri — MERCURIO 2007
Elapsoidea boulengeri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 265
Elapsoidea boulengeri — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 544 
DistributionTanzania south to Mozambique west to Zambia, Botswana and Republic of South Africa (N Cape Province); BROADLEY (1998): Zambia west of the Zambezi and N Namibia, Malawi, Zimbabwe

Type locality: Boroma, Mozambique.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 20555 

BROADLEY (1998) elevated E. s. boulengeri to species status based on slightly differrent colour patterns. Synonymy mostly after BROADLEY in GOLAY et al. 1993: 134.

Distribution: Not in Angola fide Marques et al. 2018. See map in Broadley 1971: 603 (Fig. 7). 
EtymologyNamed after George Albert Boulenger (1858-1937), a Belgian-British herpetologist at the British Museum, London, and most productive alpha-taxonomist in herpetology (Uetz 2010, Uetz & Stylianou 2018). 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, OSKAR 1895. Zwei neue Reptilien vom Zambesi. Zool. Anz. 18: 62-63. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1971. A revision of the African snake genus Elapsoidea BOCAGE (Elapidae). Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. Rhodesia B4 (32): 577-626
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. A review of the African Elapsoidea semiannulata complex Elapidae). African Journal of Herpetology 47: 13-23 [1999] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1944. Further revisions of African snake genera. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 95 (2): 121-247 - get paper here
  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa, 2nd ed. Struik Publishers, 312 pp.
  • Mercurio, V. 2007. Polemon christyi and Elapsoidea boulengeri: two new sake distribution records for Malawi. Salamandra 43 (4): 253-255 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Uetz, P. & Stylianou, A. 2018. The original descriptions of reptiles and their subspecies. Zootaxa 4375 (2): 257-264 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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