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Elapsoidea loveridgei PARKER, 1949

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesElapsoidea loveridgei colleti LAURENT 1956
Elapsoidea loveridgei loveridgei PARKER 1949
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta LAURENT 1956 
Common NamesE: Loveridge's Garter Snake, East African Garter Snake 
SynonymElapsoidea sundevallii loveridgei PARKER 1949: 96
Elapsoidea loveridgei — BROADLEY 1971
Elapsoidea loveridgei loveridgei — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 24
Elapsoidea loveridgei loveridgei — BROADLEY in GOLAY et al. 1993: 133
Elapsoidea loveridgei — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 591
Elapsoidea loveridgei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 266
Elapsoidea loveridgei — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 546

Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta LAURENT 1956
Elapsoidea decosteri multicincta LAURENT 1956
Elapsoidea decosteri multicincta — LAURENT 1958: 125
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta — BROADLEY 1971: 605
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta — PITMAN 1974
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta — WELCH 1994: 59
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta — JAKOBSEN 1997:
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta — HÖROLD 2020

Elapsoidea loveridgei colleti LAURENT 1956
Elapsoidea decosteri colleti LAURENT 1956
Elapsoidea loveridgei colleti — BROADLEY 1971: 607
Elapsoidea loveridgei colleti — PITMAN 1974
Elapsoidea loveridgei colleti — WELCH 1994: 59
Elapsoidea loveridgei colleti — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionN/E Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Kenya, Sudan, N Burundi, N Tanzania, Rwanda, S Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda

loveridgei: S Kenya, N Tanzania; Type locality: Machakos, Kenya.

colleti: E Zaire, SW Uganda, Rwanda; Type locality: Astrida, Rwanda.

multicincta: NE Zaire, Uganda, W Kenya, N Tanzania, S Ethiopia; Type locality: Dramba, Uele, Zaire.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.23.57
Holotype: RMCA R-18650 (Musée royal d l’Afrique centrale Tervuren) [colleti]
Holotype: RMCA R-3930 (Musée royal d l’Afrique centrale Tervuren) [multicincta] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Elapsoidea loveridgei scalaris LAURENT 1960 has been synonymized with E. guentheri by JACOBSEN (1997).

Distribution: see map in Broadley 1971: 600 (Fig. 4). 
EtymologyNamed after Arthur Loveridge (1891 - 1980), American herpetologist. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Golay,P, H.M. SMITH, D.G. BROADLEY, J. R. DIXON, C., MCCARTHY, J. C. RAGE, B. SCHÀTTI & M.TORIBA 1993. Endoglyphs and other major venomous snakes of the world. A checklist. [type catalogue] Aire-Genève, Azemiops S. A. Herpetological Data Center: i-xv + 1-478.
  • Hörold, Ralf 2019. Und sie stechen doch mit der Schwanzspitze? Ophidia 13 (1): 27-32
  • Jakobsen A. 1997. A review of some East African members of the genus Elapsoidea Bocage with the description of a new species from Somalia and a key for the genus (Reptilia, Serpentes, Elapidae). Steenstrupia 22: 59-82.
  • Lanza, B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Laurent, R.F. 1958. Notes herpétologiques africaines II. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 58 (1–2): 115–128
  • Laurent, R.F. 1960. Notes complémentaires sur les Chéloniens et les Ophidiens du congo oriental. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 84: 1-86
  • Parker,H.W. 1949. The snakes of Somaliland and the Sokotra islands. Zoologische Verhandelingen 6: 1-115 - get paper here
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Razzetti, E. & Msuya, C.A. 2002. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania). Publ. Ed. Negri Istituto, Oikos, Varese, 84 pp.
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Williams E E 1982. Arthur Loveridge—A Life in Retrospect. Breviora (471): 1-12 - get paper here
 
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