You are here » home advanced search search results Elgaria kingii

Elgaria kingii GRAY, 1838

IUCN Red List - Elgaria kingii - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Elgaria kingii?

Add your own observation of
Elgaria kingii »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesElgaria kingii kingii GRAY 1838
Elgaria kingii nobilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Elgaria kingii ferruginea (WEBB 1962) 
Common NamesE: Madrean Alligator Lizard
E: Arizona Alligator Lizard [nobilis]
S: Lagartija Lagarto de Montaña 
SynonymElgaria kingii GRAY 1838: 390
Gerrhonotus kingii — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 46
Gerrhonotus multifasciatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 401
Gerrhonotus kingii — BOCOURT 1878: 339
Gerrhonotus kingii — BOULENGER 1885: 274
Gerrhonotus kingii — FITCH 1938
Elgaria kingii kingii — TIHEN 1948: 299
Elgaria kingii kingii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 205
Gerrhonotus kingii — WERMUTH 1969: 19
Gerrhonotus kingii kingii — VAN DEVENDER & LOWE 1977
Gerrhonotus kingii — STEBBINS 1985: 166
Elgaria kingii — GOOD 1988: 75
Elgaria kingii — LINER 1994
Elgaria kingii — CORTÉS-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2022

Elgaria kingii ferruginea (WEBB 1962)
Gerrhonotus kingii ferrugineus WEBB 1962: 73
Gerrhonotus kingii ferrugineus — WERMUTH 1969: 19
Gerrhonotus kingii ferrugineus — HARDY 1969: 150
Elgaria kingii ferruginea — WEBB 1984
Gerrhonotus kingii ferrugineus — TANNER 1987
Elgaria kingii ferrea — BRENNAN in JONES & LOVICH 2009: 483 (in error)

Elgaria kingii nobilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Elgaria nobilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 129
Gerrhonotus nobilis — BAIRD 1859: 11
Gerrhonotus nobilis — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 46
Elgaria kingii nobilis — TIHEN 1949: 596
Gerrhonotus kingii — SMITH 1946: 452
Elgaria kingii nobilis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 206
Gerrhonotus kingii nobilis — WERMUTH 1969: 19
Elgaria kingii nobilis — CROTHER 2000
Elgaria kingii nobilis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Elgaria kingii nobilis — LANGNER et al. 2019 
DistributionUSA (Arizona, New Mexico),
Mexico (NE Sonora, NW Chihuahua, E Sinaloa, W Durango, Colima, Jalisco, Nayarit)

kingii: E Sonora, W Chihuahua, probably southward into Durango and Sinaloa. Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Mojárachic by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Elevation up to 8826 ft (Medica 1965).

nobilis: SW New Mexico, SE Arizona. Sonora. Type locality: Fort Webster Copper Mines of the Gila [Santa rita del Cobre], New Mexico.

usufa: Mexico (Chihuahua)

ferruginea: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Durango, Sinaloa). Type locality: two miles north of Pueblo Neuvo, ca. 6000 ft., Durango.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH V25a/1946.8.29 (fide Webb 1979)
Syntype: MNHN 1999 (2553), 187 (94?) mm (= MHNP) [multifasciatus]
Syntypes: USNM 3076 (2) [nobilis]
Holotype: MSU 4093; adult female, obtained on 22 July 1960 by Robert G. Webb [ferruginea] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: An Elgaria of the kingii group with 50-56 transverse rows of dorsals; uppermost primary temporal in contact with the uppermost secondary temporal (Tihen 1948: 299). For an alternative diagnosis see Good 1988: 75.

Diagnosis (nobilis): An Elgaria of the kingii group with 55-60 tranverse rows of dorsals; the uppermost primary temporal usual (70%) separated from the uppermost secondary on one or both sides. Although there is a slight overlap in dorsal scale count between this form and typical kingii, the difference seems sufficient to warrant recognition of two subspecies. If the line of separation is drawn between 55 and 56 transverse rows, then approximately 85% of the specimens can be correctly identified on this basis alone. In thirty-eight of the fifty-three United States specimens seen, the uppermost primary temporal is separated from the uppermost secondary or one or both sides; such a condition occurs in none of the eight referred to k. kingii.
Three specimens from Pacheco and one from Colonia Garcia, Chihuahua, show an intermediate dorsal scale count (see table). In two the uppermost primary and uppermost secondary temporals are separated on both sides, in another on one side, and in the fourth are in contact on both sides. These specimens would appear to represent a population intermediate between typical kingii and k. nobilis; they are therefore considered as intergrades. All United States specimens examined are definitely representative of nobilis (Tihe 1948: 300). 
CommentBocourt’s paper from 1878 is also cited as being from 1872 in SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. we haven’t seen the original and therefore don’t know which one bears the right year. Synonymy and subspecies after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.
Bryson et al. (2005) provided evidence that the single specimen of Elgaria usafa
from the Sierra del Nido in Chihuahua is an aberrantly patterned E. kingii and suggested to synonymize E. usafa with E. kingii.

Distribution: see map in Leavitt et al. 2017: Fig. 1. 
Etymologynamed after Captain and Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856), Australian-born British marine surveyor and collector. 
  • AHUMADA-CARRILLO, I. T., C. I. GRUNWALD, M. A. LOPEZ CUELLAR, AND J. M. JONES 2020. Some Records of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Wixarica Region in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Herpetological Review 51: 277-281.
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Reptiles of the Boundary. In: United States and Mexican Boundary Survey under the Order of Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, and United States Commisioner. 2, Rept., Pt.2. Department of the Interior, Washington, 35 pp. - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, part 2. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 2011. Madrean Alligator Lizard, Elgaria kingii Gray, 1838. Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (7):66-69. - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Charles J. Cole 2014. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Madrean Archipelago of Arizona and New Mexico. American Museum Novitates (3810): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Bocourt 1872. Description de quelques Gerronotes nouveaux provenant du Mexique et de l’Afrique Centrale. Bull. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 7 (4): 101-108 [1871] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1987. Les types d'Anguid és (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle Catalogue critique. Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 4e ser., 9, sect. A (Zool., BioI. & Ecol. anim.), (2), supplement, 3-20. - get paper here
  • BRYSON, ROBERT W. JR.; HOBART M. SMITH AND JULIO LEMOS-ESPINAL 2005. Taxonomic status of the Madrean alligator lizard (Lacertilia: Anquidae) of the Sierra del Nido,Chihuahua, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 50 (4): 497-498 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A. and Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz 2016. The Herpetofauna of Aguascalientes, México. Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 2(1):
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A. and Gustavo Ernesto Quintero-Díaz. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Elgaria kingii (Madrean alligator lizard). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 462 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Cortés-Vázquez, S., Núñez-Carrillo, L. C., Cruz-Sáenz, D., Carrasco-Ortiz, M. A., Rodríguez-López, A., Lazcano, D., ... & Wilson, L. D. 2022. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 29: Herpetofauna of Natural Protected Area “El Diente,” Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society, 57(10), 177-185 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cruz-Sáenz, D., F. J. Muñoz-Nolasco, V. Mata-Silva, J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Jalisco, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 23–118 - get paper here
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H.S. 1938. A Systematic Account of the Alligator Lizards (Gerrhonotus) in the Western United States and Lower California. American Midland Naturalist 20: 381-424 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K. 1937. A herpetological consideration of faunal areas in Southern Arizona. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 5 (5): 77-136 - get paper here
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships among gerrhonotine lizards; an analysis of external morphology. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 121: 139 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 3. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 388-394 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Langner, Ch.; R. Nixon & F. Colacicco 2019. Die nordamerikanischen Schleichen der Gattungen Gerrhonotus und Elgaria – Lebensweise, Haltung und Vermehrung im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (136): 32-41 - get paper here
  • Leavitt, D.H., Marion, A.B., Hollingsworth, B.D., Reeder, T.W. 2017. Multilocus phylogeny of alligator lizards (Elgaria, Anguidae): Testing mtDNA introgression as the source of discordant molecular phylogenetic hypotheses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., David Chiszar, and Hobart M. Smith 2004. Selected Records of 2003 Lizards from Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 39 (9): 164-168 - get paper here
  • Leoza-Corichi, A. & Flores-Villela,O. 1995. Elgaria kingii. Herpetological Review 26 (2): 108 - get paper here
  • Luja VH, López JA, Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A 2017. Herpetofauna inside and outside from a natural protected area: the case of Reserva Estatal de la Biósfera Sierra San Juan, Nayarit, Mexico. Nature Conservation 21: 15-38 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W., Copp, J.F., & Breedlove, D.E. 1976. Notes on the herpetofauna of western Mexico: new records from Sinaloa and the Tres Marias Islands. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (275): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Medica, P. A. 1965. Altitude record for Gerrhonotus kingi. Herpetologica 21 (2): 147-148 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Painter, Charles W.; Jennings, Randy D. 1998. Elgaria kingii nobilis (Arizona Alligator Lizard). Coloration. Herpetological Review 29 (4): 238 - get paper here
  • Quintero-Díaz,G. et al. 1999. Geographic distribution: Elgaria kingii ferruginea. Herpetological Review 30 (4): 233 - get paper here
  • Rojo-Gutierrez, J. R., Salcido-Rodríguez, I., Amaral-Medrano, D. A., Cruz-Sáenz, D., Rodríguez-López, A., Lazcano, D., ... & Wilson, L. D. 2022. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 27: Amphibians and Reptiles of Palo Gordo, Sierra de Tesistán, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society, 57(6), 109-113 - get paper here
  • Rojo-Gutiérrez, Juan Rubén; David Jaimes-Rodríguez , Daniel Cruz-Sáenz , Laura López-Fernández , Enrique Chávez-Uribe and David Lazcano 2018. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 19: An Update to the Herpetofauna of Volcán de Tequila in Jalisco, Mexico. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 53(8):165-169 - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, J C; Turner, D; van Devender, T R; Hugo-Cabrera, V; Maynard, R J; Van Devender, R W; Villa, R A; Hamilton, P; Hale, S F; Aguilar-Morales, C; Blanco-Gutiérrez, A; Wallace, E & Hedgcock, C; 2019. Herpetofauna of the Mesa Tres Ríos area in the Northern Sierra Madre Occidental of Sonora, Mexico. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 251-259 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1946. Handbook of Lizards: Lizards of the United States and of Canada. Comstock, Ithaca, NY, xxii + 557 pp.
  • Smith, Hobart M., Julio A. Lemos-Espinal, David Chiszar, and Matthew J. Ingrasci 2003. The Madrean alligator lizard of the Sierra del Nido, Chihuahua, Mexico (Reptilia: Sauria: Anguidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 39 (4):99-102 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1958. A new alligator lizard from the Panamint Mountains, Inyo County, California. American Museum Novitates (1883): 2 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tanner, W.W. 1987. Lizards and turtles of Western Chihuahua. Great Basin Naturalist. 47: 383-421 - get paper here
  • Tihen, J. A. 1948. Two races of Elgaria kingii Gray. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 51 (3): 299-305 - get paper here
  • Tihen, J. A. 1949. The genera of gerrhonotine Iizards. American Midland Naturalist 41: 579-601 - get paper here
  • Turner, D. S., Van Devender, T. R., Hale, S. F., Zach, R., Martínez, R., Van Devender, R. W., ... & Paholski, C. 2022. Amphibians and reptiles of Rancho Las Playitas area, Sonora, Mexico. Sonoran Herpetologist, 35, 50-59 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Van Devender, Thomas R.; Lowe, Charles H. Lowe, Jr. 1977. Amphibians and reptiles of Yepomera, Chihuahua, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 11 (1): 41-50 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Webb, Robert G. 1962. A new alligator lizard (genus Gerrhonotus) from western México. Herpetologica 18 (2): 73-79 - get paper here
  • Webb, Robert G. 1970. Gerrhonotus kingii. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (97): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • WILLIAMS, SPENCER & JOSE ANGEL ARCE 2021. New Distributional Records from Mixtlán, an Undersampled Municipality in Jalisco, Mexico. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 359–361
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1954. Notes on the distribution of some reptiles in western Mexico. Herpetologica 10: 145-149 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator