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Elgaria panamintina (STEBBINS, 1958)

IUCN Red List - Elgaria panamintina - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Panamint Alligator Lizard 
SynonymGerrhonotus panamintinus STEBBINS 1958: 2
Gerrhonotus panamintinus — WERMUTH 1969: 26
Gerrhonotus panamintinus — STEBBINS 1985: 165
Elgaria panamintina — GOOD 1988: 76
Elgaria panamintina — GOOD 1988: 154
Elgaria panamintina — CROTHER 2000
Elgaria panamintina — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (E California)

Type locality: Surprise Canyon, at an elevation of 4500 feet, on the west side of the Panamint Mountains, Inyo County, California.  
TypesHolotype: MVZ 65410, collected by James McDonald, Jr., October 23,1954. 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: Size of adults large, probably commonly over 100 mm in snout to vent length; transverse rows of dorsal scales, 44 to 47; number of keeled longitudinal rows of dorsal scales,10 or 12; scales of temporal region and forelimbs smooth; complete crossbands on body, exclusive of tail, eight or nine; juveniles contrastingly marked with light and dark cross bands; ventral surfaces whitish, with gray spots at middle or sides of scales, forming iregularly arranged blotches; iris pale yellow (Stebbins 1958). 
CommentDistribution: see map in Leavitt et al. 2017: Fig. 1. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Banta B H; Mahrdt C R; Beaman K R 1996. Elgaria panamintina. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 629: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships among gerrhonotine lizards; an analysis of external morphology. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 121: 139 pp. - get paper here
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Allozyme Variation and Phylogenetic Relationships among the Species of Elgaria (Squamata: Anguidae) Herpetologica 44 (2): 154-162. - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Leavitt, D.H., Marion, A.B., Hollingsworth, B.D., Reeder, T.W. 2017. Multilocus phylogeny of alligator lizards (Elgaria, Anguidae): Testing mtDNA introgression as the source of discordant molecular phylogenetic hypotheses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Parker, J. M. and S. Brito 2013. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Mojave Desert: A Field Guide. Snell Press, 184 pp. [ISBN 9780985577117]
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1958. A new alligator lizard from the Panamint Mountains, Inyo County, California. American Museum Novitates (1883): 2 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Thomson, Robert C.; Amber N. Wright & H. Bradley Shaffer 2016. California Amphibian and Reptile Species of Special Concern. University of California Press - get paper here
  • Toffelmier, Erin Maurine 2019. Landscape and Conservation Genetics of Amphibians and Reptiles in California. PhD thesis, UCLA - get paper here
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