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Emydura tanybaraga CANN, 1997

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelodininae, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Northern Yellow-faced Turtle 
SynonymEmydura tanybaraga CANN 1997
Emydura tanybaraga — COGGER 2000: 740
Emydura subglobosa tanybaraga — ARTNER 2008
Emydura tanybaraga — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Daly and South Alligator River drainages in the Northern Territory and Mitchell River drainage in western Cape York Peninsula, Queensland)

Type locality: above Policemans Crossing, Daly River, NT  
TypesHolotype: AMS R125498 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Four species of Emydura occur in the waterways of the Northern Territory and Western Australia; Emydura australis, Emydura victoriae, Emydura worrelli and Emydura tanybaraga. The last three are known from the Daly River. Emydura tanybaraga is a yellow faced turtle with prominent dark markings through the iris as the level of the pupil. In aged individuals a large broad palate covers approximately half the roof of the mouth, but maintains a medial division at all ages.
The facial colouration distinguishes this turtle from Emydura australis, Emydura victoriae and populations of Emydura worrelli in the Northern Territory, which all have a reddish-pink colouration to the face. Facial colouration fades with age in all of these species. However, the presence of dark markings through the eye and a median division to the palate in aged E. tanybaraga will further distinguish this turtle from similarly aged individuals of E. australis and E. victoriae which have no dark markings through the eye and have broad, undivided palates. E. tanybaraga and E. worrelli can have similar eye markings and palate shape until well into maturity, at this stage tanybaraga's palate becomes larger. 
CommentDistribution: Map in MACCORD et al. (2003).

Habitat: freshwater (rivers, swamps) 
EtymologyTanybaraga is the name given to the adult yellow-faced turtle in the Daly River, the species name is to be used as a noun in apposition. This is pronounced tanybar-arrga. 
  • Artner, H. 2008. The world's extant turtle species, Part 1. Emys 15 (3): 4-32
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Cann, John 1997. The Northern yellow-faced turtle, Emydura tanybaraga sp. nov. Monitor: Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society 9 (1): 24-29; 34-35.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P.; Joseph-Ouni, M. & Cann, J. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #7. Short-neck, Western Swamp, and Pig-Nose Turtles from Australia and New Guinea. Reptilia (GB) (27): 64-68 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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