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IUCN Red List - Enyalioides azulae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaHoplocercidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymEnyalioides azulae VENEGAS, TORRES-CARVAJAL, DURAN & DE QUEIROZ 2013 
DistributionPeru (Picota)

Type locality: Chambirillo close to Checkpoint 16 of the CAZNP (07°04'8.9"S, 76°00'51.2"W, 1122 m), Provincia de Picota, Región San Martín, Perú  
TypesHolotype: CORBIDI 06772 (Fig. 1), an adult, collected on 1 May 2010 by P. J. Venegas.
Paratypes. CORBIDI 8825, 8826, adult females collected on 30 October 2010 by P. J. Venegas; CORBIDI 08786, 08790, 08791, adult male, juvenile female, and juvenile male, respectively, collected on 21 January 2011 by P. J. Venegas and V. Duran; CORBIDI 09213, 09214, juvenile male and female, respectively, collected on 8 May 2011 by P. J. Venegas and V. Duran. All paratypes are from the type locality. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Enyalioides azulae can be distinguished from other species of Enyal- ioides, except E. microlepis and E. cofanorum, by the combination of the following characters: (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) more than 37 longitudinal rows of dorsals in a transverse line between the dorsolateral crests at midbody; and (3) absence of superciliary flaps projecting over each orbit (present only in E. palpebralis). Enyalioides azulae differs from E. cofanorum and E. microlepis in having more gulars (45–57, mean = 51.13 ± 4.05, versus 34–41, mean = 36.13 ± 2.00 in E. cofanorum and 34–49, mean = 37.88 ± 3.44 in E. microlepis), a smaller body size (maximum SVL = 96 mm in both males and females, versus 107 mm in males and 109 mm in females of E. cofanorum, and 127 mm in males and 116 mm in females of E. microlepis), a lower vertebral crest on the neck, a narrower snout in dorsal view, and in lacking blue on the gular region in males. Additionally, E. azulae has a marked sexual dichromatism, with males having greenish and females brownish background coloration (Fig. 2), whereas the other two species have brownish background coloration in both sexes. Enyalioides azulae further differs from E. cofanorum in lacking scattered enlarged scales on the dorsum, well-de- veloped dorsolateral crests between the hind limbs, and a dark gular patch in females. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a noun derived from the Spanish word “azul” (blue) in the genitive case; it refers to the Cordillera Azul, the mountain range after which the National Park where this species was discovered is named. Although the word “azul” in “Cordillera Azul” is an adjective, and the Spanish noun “azul” is mascu- line, we are here treating “azulae” as a feminine noun that is an abbreviation for “Cor- dillera Azul” and is therefore to be interpreted as meaning “of the [Cordillera] Azul.” 
  • Kwet, Axel 2014. Liste der im Jahr 2013 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Venegas PJ, Torres-Carvajal O, Duran V, de Queiroz K 2013. Two sympatric new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from Cordillera Azul National Park in northeastern Peru. ZooKeys 277: 69–90. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.277.3594 - get paper here
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