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Eremias argus PETERS, 1869

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesEremias argus argus PETERS 1869
Eremias argus barbouri SCHMIDT 1925 
Common NamesE: Mongolia Racerunner
Russian: Монгольская ящурка
Chinese: 丽斑麻蜥 
SynonymEremias argus PETERS 1869: 61
Podarces argus STRAUCH 1876
Eremias argus — BOULENGER 1887: 102 (part.)
Eremias argus — STONE 1899: 183
Eremias argus — STEJNEGER 1907: 248
Eremias brenchleyi ELPATEYEVSKY 1906
Eremias (Pareremias) argus — SZCZERBAK 1974
Eremias argus — SZYNDLAR 1984
Eremias argus — SCHLÜTER 2005
Eremias (Pareremias) argus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias argus — MACIAS et al. 2021

Eremias argus barbouri SCHMIDT 1925
Eremias barbouri SCHMIDT 1925
Eremias argus barbouri — OKADA 1935
Eremias (Pareremias) barbouri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias argus barbouri — BÖHME 2014: 145 
DistributionE Mongolia, NE China (Liaoning south to Jiangsu and westward to Qinghai)
C Mongolia and adjacent parts of China (Inner Mongolia)
W Korea, Russia (southern bank of Lake Baikal, SW Chitinskaya Oblast, S Buryatia)

Type locality: Mai Tai Chao, China [E. a. barbouri]
Type locality: “Chefoo, China” [= Yantai Shi, Shandong, China] fide BAUER et al. 1995: 57  
Reproductionoviparous. High-elevation females tended to produce smaller clutches of larger<br />eggs compared with their low-elevation counterparts (Deme et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 4532 (designated by SZCZERBAK 1974)
Holotype: AMNH 24045, paratypes: FMNH, ZFMK 14230 (ex-AMNH 24079), possibly 1 paratype in NMW [barbouri] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.).

Genome: Liu et al. 2023. 
EtymologyNamed after the mythological Greek giant Argus who had many eyes (some accounts say 100). The reptiles named after him are adorned with ocelli (eyelike spots). 
  • Ananjeva, N.B.; K.D. Milto 2021. Eremias argus barbouri Schmidt, 1925 - In: Red Data Book of the Russian Federation, volume `Animals`. 2nd edition. Moscow: FGBU «VNII Ecology»: 448-449
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. A list of the reptiles and batrachians of Amoorland [Russia]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5: 137-144 - get paper here
  • Buehler, Matthew D.; Purevdorj Zoljargal, Erdenetushig Purvee, Khorloo Munkhbayar, Munkhbayar Munkhbaatar, Nyamsuren Batsaikhan, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Nikolai L. Orlov, Theordore J. Papenfuss, Diego Roldán-Pińa, - Douchindorj, Larry Lee Grismer, Jamie 2021. The Results of Four Recent Joint Expeditions to the Gobi Desert: Lacertids and Agamids. Russian Journal of Herpetology 28 (1): 15-32 - get paper here
  • CHANG, JING; YIFAN PAN, WENTAO LIU, YUN XIE, WEIYU HAO, PENG XU & YINGHUAN WANG. 2021. Acute temperature adaptation mechanisms in the native reptile species Eremias argus. Science of The Total Environment 151773. - get paper here
  • Chang, M. H., Song, J. Y., & Koo, K. S. 2021. Effect of coastal dune restoration on the population of endangered Mongolian racerunner (Eremias argus) in the Republic of Korea. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 25(2), 1-6 - get paper here
  • DEME, G. G., HAO, X., MA, L., SUN, B., & DU, W. 2022. Elevational Variation in Reproductive Strategy of a Widespread Lizard: High-Elevation Females Lay Fewer but Larger Eggs. Asian Herpetological Research 13 (3): 198-204 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J.R. 1956. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from West Central Korea. Herpetologica 12(1): 50-56 - get paper here
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  • Jin, S.-D. et al. 2013. Phylogeographical Analysis of Eremias argus in Yoobu-do Island and Sohwang Sand Dune, Korea. J. Asia-Pacific Biodivers. 6, 455–458 (2013) - get paper here
  • Kirilyuk, V. E.; O. V. Korsun, O. G. Kurtova, V. F. Lyamkiya, V. N. Puzansky. 2012. Reptiles. Yu. A. Bazhenov. Amphibians. Red Book of the Trans-Baikal Territory. Animals. Novosibirsk: LLC "Nosvosibirsk Publishing House", 2012. 344 p
  • Li, W., Du, J., Yang, L., Liang, Q., Yang, M., Zhou, X., & Du, W. 2023. Chromosome-level genome assembly and population genomics of Mongolian racerunner (Eremias argus) provide insights into high-altitude adaptation in lizards. BMC Biology, 21(1), 1-14 - get paper here
  • Lixia, Wan; Shihong, Sun; Yuanting, Jin; Yongfeng, Yan; Naifa, Liu 2007. Molecular phylogeography of the Chinese lacertids of the genus Eremias (Lacertidae) based on 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 33-41 - get paper here
  • Macias, D., Shin, Y., & Borzée, A. 2021. An update on the conservation status and ecology of Korean terrestrial squamates. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125971 - get paper here
  • Park D, Kim I-H, Park I-K, Grajal-Puche A, Park J 2022. A comparison of gene organisations and phylogenetic relationships of all 22 squamate species listed in South Korea using complete mitochondrial DNA. ZooKeys 1129: 21-35 - get paper here
  • Peters, WILHELM C. H. 1869. Eine Mittheilung über neue Gattungen und Arten von Eidechsen. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, 1869: 57-66 - get paper here
  • QU, Yanfu; Qun ZHAO; Hongliang LU; Xiang JI 2014. Population Dynamics Following the Last Glacial Maximum in Two Sympatric Lizards in Northern China. Asian Herpetological Research 5 (4): 213-227, doi 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00213 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Der Mongolische Wüstenrenner, Eremias argus PETERS, 1869. Draco 5 (21): 82-85 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KARL P. 1925. New Chinese amphibians and reptiles. American Museum Novitates (175): 1-3. - get paper here
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Stone, Witmer 1899. A small collection of batrachians and reptiles from eastern Mongolia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1899: 183-184 - get paper here
  • Strauch in: PRZEWALSKI, N.M. 1876. Mongoliya i Strana Tangutov. Tryokhletneye puteshestviye v Vostochnoj Nagoruoj Asii (= Mongolia and the Tangut Country. A Three-Year Travel in Eastern High Asia). Volumes 1-2. Imper. Russ. Geogr. Soc., St. Petersburg (in Russian; English edition, London 1876, French edition, Paris 1880, German edition, Jena 1887; abridged Russian edition with added notes, Moscow 1946). - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Szyndlar, Z. 1984. A description of a small collection of amphibians and reptiles from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea, with notes on the distribution of the herpetofauna in that country. Acta Zool. Cracov. 27 (1): 3-18
  • Truweller, K. A.;Makarov, A. N.; Orlova, V. F. 1994. Method of the simplified evaluation of genetic differentiation of the Asian Eremias lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 133-142 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wang, Y., Li, S. R., Pei, M. Y., Wu, D. Y., & Du, W. G. 2021. Population origin, maternal effects, and hydric conditions during incubation determine embryonic and offspring survival in a desert-dwelling lizard. Oecologia, 1-12 - get paper here
  • Zeng, Zhi-Gao; Jun-Huai Bi , Shu-Ran Li , Yang Wang , Travis R. Robbins , Shao-Yong Chen , and Wei-Guo Du 2016. Habitat Alteration Influences a Desert Steppe Lizard Community: Implications of Species-Specific Preferences and Performance. Herp. Monographs 30 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
  • ZHANG, ZHIRONG; QIAN ZHU, JUNDA CHEN, ROMAAN HAYAT KHATTAK, ZONGZHI LI, LIWEI TENG & ZHENSHENG LIU. 2022. Insights into the composition of gut microbiota in response to environmental temperature: The case of the Mongolia racerunner (Eremias argus). Global Ecology and Conservation 36: e02125. - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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