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Eremiascincus pardalis (MACLEAY, 1877)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Lowlands Bar-lipped Skink 
SynonymHinulia pardalis MACLEAY 1877: 63
Lygosoma atromaculatum GARMAN 1901: 8
Lygosoma pardalis — BOULENGER 1904: 80
Sphenomorphus atromaculatus — LOVERIDGE 1934
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) pardalis — SMITH 1937: 220
Sphenomorphus pardalis erro COPLAND 1946
Sphenomorphus pardalis — GREER & PARKER 1974: 60
Sphenomorphus pardalis — COGGER 1983: 186
Glaphyromorphus pardalis — GREER 1990
Glaphyromorphus pardalis — COGGER 2000: 496
Glaphyromorphus pardalis — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Eremiascincus pardalis — MECKE et al. 2009 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Barrow Is., Qld.  
Reproductionoviparous, viviparous (Mecke et al. 2016) 
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R31837 (was: MAMU = Macleay Museum)
Syntypes: MCZ 6475 (2 specimens) Great Barrier Reef, Qld., MCZ 6478 (3 specimens) Qld. (Cooktown) fide Loveridge (1934); FMNH 73374 from Qld., one MCZ syntype not found (fide COGGER 1983).
Holotype: AMS (AM) R6352, from unknown locality [erro] 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983. BOULENGER (1904) felt that Hinulia pardalis was the same as Lygosoma (Hinulia) elegantulum.

Distribution: Reports from New Guinea (fide SMITH 1937) are probably in error and have not been confirmed (Allen Allison, pers. comm., 20 Feb 2017).

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyPresumably named after the Greek pardalis (female leopard) in allusion to the spotted colour pattern. (G. Shea, pers. comm., 9 Feb 2024) 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1904. Note on Hinulia pardalis of Macleay. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 14: 80 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Copland, S.J. 1946. Catalogue of reptiles in the Macleay Museum. Part I. Sphenomorphus pardalis pardalis (Macleay) and Sphenomorphus nigricaudis nigricaudis (Macleay). Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 291-311 - get paper here
  • Copland, Stephen J. 1950. Nomenclature and type specimens of two species of Sphenomorphus (Sauria: Scincidae). Copeia 1950 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1990. The Glaphyromorphus isolepis species group (Lacertilia: Scincidae): diagnosis of the taxon and description of a new species from Timor. Journal of Herpetology 24 (4): 372-377 - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. & F. Parker 1974. The fasciatus group of Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae): notes on eight previously described species and description of three new species. Papua New Guin. Sci. Soc. Proc. [1973] 25: 31-61.
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Mecke, S., M. Kieckbusch, T. Graf, L. A. Beck, M. O’Shea & H. Kaiser 2016. First captive breeding of a night skink (Scincidae: Eremiascincus) from Timor-Leste, Lesser Sunda Islands, with remarks on the reproductive biology of the genus. Salamandra 52 (2): 178-188 - get paper here
  • Mecke, S; Dougherty, P. & Donnellan, S.C. 2009. A new species of Eremiascincus (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from the Great Sandy Desert and Pilbara Coast, Western Australia and reassignment of eight species from Glaphyromorphus to Eremiascincus. Zootaxa 2246: 1-20 - get paper here
  • Rankin, P. R. 1978. Notes on the biology of the skink Sphenomorphus pardalis (Macleay) including a captive breeding record. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 10: 4-7
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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