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Eublepharis fuscus BÖRNER, 1974

IUCN Red List - Eublepharis fuscus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesG: Westindischer Leopardgecko 
SynonymEublepharis macularius fuscus BÖRNER 1974
Eublepharis fuscus — DAS 1997
Eublepharis fuscus — RÖSLER 2000: 78
Eublepharis fuscus — SEUFER et al. 2005 
DistributionW India (northern Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat)

Type locality: 60 km north of Bombay (= Mumbai)  
Reproductionoviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesNeotype: BNHS 1047 (designated by DAS 1997 but given as BNMH, without spelling it out) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Eublepharis fuscus can be differentiated from E. macularius in possessing smooth (as opposed to tuberculate) median scansors on the toes, mentals longer than wide (vs wider than long), a single (not two) broad pale dorsal bands and eight (vs six) postnasals bordering the nasals. It differs from E. hardwickii in possessing middorsal tubercles that are smaller (vs larger) than their interspaces, these tubercles also differing in shape, being conical in E.fuseus and flattened in the east Indian species; and variegations within the pale bands on the dorsum of the body (absent in E. hardwickii). The western Indian species differs from E. angramainyu in showing a blotched (as opposed to a linearly-arranged) pattern on the dorsal surface of the head and body, head covered with flat (not convex, polygonal) scales, eight (vs 10) supralabials and mentals longer than broad (vs twice as broad as long), besides being substantially ( 67 per cent) larger (SVL 252 mm) than the west Asian species (170 mm). Finally, Eublepharis fuseus differs from E. turemenieus in showing tubercles on the dorsum that are smaller (han the interspace (vs equal to the distance between (hem), rostral twice as wide as high (vs one and a half times wider than high), a more robust habitus than its west Asian congener; a dorsal body pattern that consists of dark blotches (not partially with a linear pattern) and continuous preanal pores, (preanal pores interrupted medially by one to four scales that lack pores in the congener from Turkmenistan) [from DAS 1997]. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “fuscus”, meaning dark or dusky. 
  • Börner, A. R. 1974. Ein neuer Lidgecko der Gattung Eublepharis Gray 1827. Miscellaneous Articles in Saurology (4):7-14.
  • Börner, A. R. 1981. Third contribution to the systematics of the southwest Asian lizards of the geckonid genus Eublepharis Gray 1827: Further materials from the Indian subcontinent. Saurologica (3): 1-7
  • Cornejo-Páramo, P., Lira-Noriega, A., Ramírez-Suástegui, C. et al. 2020. Sex determination systems in reptiles are related to ambient temperature but not to the level of climatic fluctuation. BMC Evol Biol 20: 103 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 1997. Resolution of the systematic status of Eublepharis macularius fuscus Boerner, 1981 (Eublepharidae: Sauria: Squamata). Hamadryad 22 (1): 13-20 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.W. & Schmidt,W. 2009. Leopardgeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster),156 pp. - get paper here
  • Mirza, Z. & Upadhye, R. 2010. Zur Verbreitung und Lebensweise des in Indien endemischen Lidgeckos Eublepharis fuscus BÖRNER 1981. Sauria 32 (3): 15-23 - get paper here
  • Mirza, Zeeshan A.; Rajesh V. Sanap, David Raju, Atish Gawai, and Prathamesh Ghadekar 2014. A new species of lizard of the genus Eublepharis (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from India. Phyllomedusa 13 (2): 75-90 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Seufer, H.; Y. Kaverkin & A. Kirschner (eds.) 2005. Die Lidgeckos. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, 238 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. Addendum to An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (4): 848 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
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