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Eulamprus leuraensis WELLS & WELLINGTON, 1983

IUCN Red List - Eulamprus leuraensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Blue Mountains Swamp-skink, Blue Mountains Water Skink 
SynonymEulamprus leuraensis WELLS & WELLINGTON 1983: 93
Sphenomorphus leuraensis — SHEA & PETERSON 1985
Eulamprus leuraensis — SHEA & SADLIER 1999
Eulamprus leuraensis — COGGER 2000: 485
Eulamprus leuraensis — COUPER et al. 2006: 380
Eulamprus leuraensis — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales)

Type locality: Leura, NSW  
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R111988 
CommentPhylogenetics: Eulamprus leuraensis and certain populations of E. kosciuskoi are paraphyletic (Pepper et al. 2018).

Distribution: see map in Pepper et al. 2018: Fig. 2.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014)

Conservation: 80% of the species’ range was affected by wildfires in Australia (Legge et al. 2023). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Dubey, Sylvain; Ulrich Sinsch, Maximilian J Dehling, Maya Chevalley and Richard Shine 2013. Population demography of an endangered lizard, the Blue Mountains Water Skink. BMC Ecology 2013, 13:4 doi:10.1186/1472-6785-13-4 - get paper here
  • Legge, Sarah; Libby Rumpff, Stephen T. Garnett, and John C. Z. Woinarski 2023. Loss of terrestrial biodiversity in Australia: Magnitude, causation, and response.<br /> Science, 381 (6658), . - get paper here
  • Pepper, Mitzy; Joanna Sumner Ian G. Brennan Kate Hodges Alan R. Lemmon Emily Moriarty Lemmon Garry Peterson Daniel L. Rabosky Lin Schwarzkopf Ian A. W. Scott Glenn Shea J. Scott Keogh 2018. Speciation in the mountains and dispersal by rivers: Molecular phylogeny of Eulamprus water skinks and the biogeography of Eastern Australia. Journal of Biogeography 45: 2040– 2052 - get paper here
  • Shea G M; Peterson M 1985. The Blue Mountains water skink, Sphenomorphus leuraensis (Lacertilia: Scincidae): a re-description, with notes on its natural history. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 108: 141-148 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [31 Dec 1983 on cover]
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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