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Furcifer labordi (GRANDIDIER, 1872)

IUCN Red List - Furcifer labordi - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Labord’s chameleon
G: Labords Chamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleo labordi GRANDIDIER 1872: 7
Chamaeleo barbouri HECHENBLEIKNER 1942
Furcifer labordi — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 252
Furcifer labordi — NECAS 1999: 214
Furcifer labordi — NECAS 2012
Furcifer labordi — GLAW et al .2020 
DistributionSW Madagascar

Type locality: Cote occidentale de Madagascar  
Reproductionoviparous. Furcifer labordi has a posthatching life span of just 4–5 months. At the start of the active season (November), an age cohort of hatchlings emerges; larger juveniles or adults are not present. These hatchlings grow rapidly, reach sexual maturity in less than 2 months, and reproduce in January–February. After reproduction, senescence appears, and the active season concludes with population-wide adult death. Consequently, during the dry season, the entire population is represented by developing eggs that incubate for 8–9 months before synchronously hatching at the onset of the following rainy season. Remarkably, this chameleon spends more of its short annual life cycle inside the egg than outside of it. 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 5469 (1 specimen) and MNHN-RA 5470 (2 specimens MNHN-RA 5470 and 5470A). Total three syntypes
Holotype: MCZ 7758 [barbouri] 
CommentLife span: Furcifer labordi is the current record holder for shortest lifespan among tetrapods, with only 4-5 months.

Distribution: see Glaw et al. 2020: 345 (Fig. 1) for a map. 
EtymologyNamed after Jean Gascon Laborde (1806-1878), a French adventurer. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Eckhardt F, Kappeler PM, Kraus C. 2017. Highly variable lifespan in an annual reptile, Labord's chameleon (Furcifer labordi). Sci Rep. 7(1):11397 - get paper here
  • Eckhardt, F.; Kappeler, P. & Kraus, C. 2016. Demografische und physiologische Senezenz bei einem semelparen, annuellen Reptiel: Labords Chamäleon (Furcifer labordi). Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (5): 100-101 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F., Prötzel, D., Eckhardt, F., Raharinoro, N. A., Ravelojaona, R. N., Glaw, T., ... & Vences, M. 2020. Rediscovery, conservation status and genetic relationships of the Malagasy chameleon Furcifer voeltzkowi. Salamandra 56(4): 342-354 - get paper here
  • Glaw,F. & Vences,M. 2001. Ein seltenes Chamäleon aus Madagaskar. DATZ 54 (7): 16-19
  • GLOS, Julian 2012. Lebensraum Trockenwald – die Menabe-Region im Westen von Madagaskar. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 54-57 - get paper here
  • Grandidier, A. 1872. Descriptions de quelques Reptiles nouveaux découverts á Madagascar en 1870. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie et Paléontologie 15 (5): 6-11. - get paper here
  • Hechenbleikner, H. 1942. A new chamaeleon (Chamaeleo barbouri) from Madagascar. Proc. New England zool. Club 19: 103-104
  • Karsten, Kristopher B.; Laza N. Andriamandimbiarisoa, Stanley F. Fox, and Christopher J. Raxworthy 2009. Social Behavior of Two Species of Chameleons in Madagascar: Insights Into Sexual Selection. Herpetologica 65 (1): 54-69 - get paper here
  • Karsten, Kristopher B.;Laza N Andriamandimbiarisoa, Stanley F. Fox, and Christopher J. Raxworthy 2008. A unique life history among tetrapods: An annual chameleon living mostly as an egg. PNAS 105 (26): 8980-8984 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Falk Eckhardt; Cornelia; and Peter M. Kappeler, 2019. Life histories, demographies and population dynamics of three sympatric chameleon species (Furcifer spp.) from western Madagascar. Amphibia-Reptilia 40 (1): 41-54 - get paper here
  • KUIJPERS, E. 1993. Chamaeleo labordi. Mitteilungsblatt AG Chamäleons 7: 3-4. - get paper here
  • Necas, P. 2012. Chamäleons der Gattung Furcifer. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Randrianantoandro, Christian; Razafimahatratra, Bertrand; Soazandry, Mathilde; Ratsimbazafy, Jonah; Jenkins, Richard K.B. 2010. Habitat use by chameleons in a deciduous forest in western Madagascar. Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 27-35 - get paper here
  • Rogner, Manfred 2014. Chamäleons im Terrarium. Draco 15 (58): 6-22 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
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