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Furcifer oustaleti (MOCQUARD, 1894)

IUCN Red List - Furcifer oustaleti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Riesenchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleon oustaleti MOCQUARD 1894: 3
Furcifer oustaleti — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 253
Furcifer oustaleti — NECAS 1999: 222
Chamaeleo oustaleti — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 100
Furcifer oustaleti — NECAS 2012
Furcifer cf. oustaleti — RAKOTOARISON et al. 2015 
DistributionMadagascar, Nosy Faly

Type locality: Betsileo and Diégo Suarez, Madagascar

Introduced to Florida (USA).  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 1893.0 155-0158 and MNHN-RA 1891.0022 (total 5 specimen syntypes) 
CommentSimilar species: Furcifer verrucosus 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Jean-Frederic Emile Oustalet (1844-1905), a French zoologist. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1918. Vertebrata from Madagascar. 2. Amphibia and Reptilia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 61 (14): 479-489. - get paper here
  • Belluardo F, Quirós DD, Lobón-Rovira J, Rosa GM, Rasoazanany M, Andreone F, Crottini A 2021. Uncovering the herpetological diversity of small forest fragments in south-eastern Madagascar (Haute Matsiatra). Zoosystematics and Evolution 97(2): 315-343 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2004. Unterwegs im “Reserve Speziale” von Ankarana. [Madagascar]. Draco 5 (19): 44-49 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Cocca, W., G. M. Rosa, F. Andreone, G. Aprea, P. E. Bergò, F. Mattioli, V. Mercurio, J. E. Randrianirina, D. Rosado, M. Vences & A. Crottini 2018. The herpetofauna (Amphibia, Crocodylia, Squamata, Testudines) of the Isalo Massif, Southwest Madagascar: combining morphological, molecular and museum data. Salamandra 54 (3): 178-200 plus Supplementary Material - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Katie Green, Jeffrey Dawson, Carlie Gardner, Janine Robinson, Georgina Starkie, Miguel Vences, and Frank Glaw. 2007. The First Comprehensive Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles at Montagne des Francais, Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 87-99 - get paper here
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54 - get paper here
  • Evans, A. M., Marshal, J. P., & Alexander, G. J. 2021. Forest patch characteristics affect reptile occurrence in north‐western Madagascar. Austral Ecology - get paper here
  • Florio AM, Raxworthy CJ 2016. A Phylogeographic Assessment of the Malagasy Giant Chameleons (Furcifer verrucosus and Furcifer oustaleti). PLoS One 11 (6): e0154144, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154144 - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. & Witte, K. 2007. Ultraviolet reflectance in malagasy chameleons of the genus Furcifer (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Salamandra 43 (1): 43-48 - get paper here
  • Gillette, Christopher R.; Kenneth L . Krysko, Joseph A. Wasilewski, Guy N . Kieckhefer III, E dward F. Metzger III, Michael R. Rochford, Daniel Cueva, and Dustin C. Smith 2010. OUSTALET’S CHAMELEON, FURCIFER OUSTALETI (MOCQUARD 1894) (CHAMAELEONIDAE), A NON-INDIGENOUS SPECIES NEWLY ESTABLISHED IN FLORIDA. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 17 (4): 248-249 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Graf, A. 1995. Vorstellung der in der Zuchtgemeinschaft Chamaeleonidae gezüchteten Chamäleonarten Teil 3: Furcifer oustaleti (Mocquard, 1894). Sauria 17 (3): 23-28 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Falk Eckhardt; Cornelia; and Peter M. Kappeler, 2019. Life histories, demographies and population dynamics of three sympatric chameleon species (Furcifer spp.) from western Madagascar. Amphibia-Reptilia 40 (1): 41-54 - get paper here
  • Labanowski, Robert J. and Andrew J. Lowin 2011. A reptile survey in a dry deciduous forest fragment in northern Madagascar showing new records for the little-known snake Pararhadinaea melanogaster and a range extension for the skink Amphiglossus tanysoma. Herpetology Notes 4: 113-121 - get paper here
  • Mocquard, F. 1894. Reptiles nouveaux ou insuffisamment connus de Madagascar. C. R. sommaire Séances Soc. philomath. Paris 8 (5-6): 3-10 - get paper here
  • Mocquard, F. 1894. Diagnoses de quelques reptiles nouveaux de Madagascar. C.R. Soc. philom. Paris 9: 3-5.
  • Necas, P. 1994. Bemerkungen zur Chamäleon-Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, mit vorläufiger Beschreibung eines neuen Chamäleons aus Kenia (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Herpetozoa 7 (3/4): 95-108. - get paper here
  • Necas, P. 2012. Chamäleons der Gattung Furcifer. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Pawlik, K. 2012. Chamäleon-Urlaub – eine Madagaskar-Reise. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (96): 103-109 - get paper here
  • Radonirina, Oninjatovo; H.; Randriamahatantsoa, B.; Rabibisoa, N.H.C.; Raxworthy, C.J. 2023. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Montagne des Français: An Update of the Distribution and Regional Endemicity. Animals 13: 3361 - get paper here
  • Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Jesse Erens, Fanomezana M. Ratsoavina, Miguel Vences 2015. Amphibian and reptile records from around the Betsiboka delta area in North-Western Madagascar. Herpetology Notes 8: 535-543 - get paper here
  • Randrianantoandro, Christian; Razafimahatratra, Bertrand; Soazandry, Mathilde; Ratsimbazafy, Jonah; Jenkins, Richard K.B. 2010. Habitat use by chameleons in a deciduous forest in western Madagascar. Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 27-35 - get paper here
  • RAXWORTHY, C.J.; ENRIQUE MARTINEZ-MEYER; NED HORNING; RONALD A. NUSSBAUM; GREGORY E. SCHNEIDER; MIGUEL A. ORTEGA-HUERTA & A. TOWNSEND PETERSON 2003. Predicting distributions of known and unknown reptile species in Madagascar. Nature 426: 837 - 841 - get paper here
  • Rogner, Manfred 2014. Chamäleons im Terrarium. Draco 15 (58): 6-22 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, M., Mazzoleni, S., Augstenová, B., Altmanová, M., Velenský, P., Glaw, F., ... & Kratochvíl, L. 2023. Heteromorphic ZZ/ZW sex chromosomes sharing gene content with mammalian XX/XY are conserved in Madagascan chameleons of the genus Furcifer. ResearchSquare preprint - get paper here
  • Schmidt, A. 2016. Beeinflussung des Farbwechsels beim Jemenchamäleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) und beim Madagaskar-Riesenchamäleon (Furcifer oustaleti) durch unterschiedliche Faktoren. Reptilia 21 (119): 34-41
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Takahashi, Hiroo 2008. Fruit Feeding Behavior of a Chameleon Furcifer oustaleti: Comparison with Insect Foraging Tactics. Journal of Herpetology 42 (4): 760 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, Piet 2004. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Madagascar - deel 2: Fianarantsoa en verder naar het zuiden. Lacerta 62 (3): 92-103 - get paper here
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
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