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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
DistributionS Australia (South Australia)

Type locality: Umuwa, Musgrave Ranges, South Australia (26° 28’ 45ˮ S, 133° 57’ 02ˮ E),  
TypesHolotype: SAMA R65248, collected by M. Hutchinson, on 26 May 2010, (Fig. 10 A–B). Paratypes (n=16; all genotyped as ‘Clade 2’): SAMA: R28265, Kulgera, NT (25° 50’S, 133° 18’E), R28322–23, between Victory Well and Betty Well, Everard Ranges, SA (27° 03’S, 132° 28’E), R41876–77, 15km W Mimili, SA (27° 01’E , 132° 34’E), R42069, 29 km SW Illintjitja, SA (26° 20’S, 130° 10’E), R44892, 8 km SE Mitchell Knob, SA (26° 11’S, 131° 53’E), R50119, 0.9 km SE Sentinel Hill, SA (26° 05’S, 132° 27’E), R51536–37K, R51540K, R51565K, R51574K, 35 km ESE Amata, SA (26° 15’S, 131° 29’E), R54751, Mt Howe, SA (26° 16’S, 133° 26’E), R61926K, Kurtjurntari Rockhole, WA (24° 53’S, 128° 46’E). WAM: R166314, Kurtjurntari Rockhole, WA (24° 53’S, 128° 46’E). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Distinguished from other Australian Gehyra by a combination of modally 7 or 8 divided scansors, small to moderate size, generally three pairs of enlarged chin shields, third infralabial notched, dorsal colour pattern a light to medium brown (in life) patterned by irregular thin black lines and circular pale spots, and a karyotype of 2n=42b (Fig. 2B) (Moritz 1986). Distinguished from most central Australian species (G. variegata, G. versicolor sp. nov., G. purpurascens and G. montium) by its strongly white-spotted pattern with dark markings forming short, wavy lines rather than discrete spots or continuous networks. Distinguished from G. moritzi by having short, black wavy lines rather than black spots, and from G. minuta, which has a similar colour pattern, by having the third, rather than second, infralabial notched.
This diagnosis applies to populations of Gehyra genetically assignable to “Clade 2” of Sistrom et al. (2013). [HUTCHINSON et al. 2014: 238] 
CommentSimilar species: Gehyra pulingka was previously included in G. montium, but is consistently distinguishable in morphology, karyotype and DNA sequence data. The two species show overlap in distribution, although no cases of strict syntopy are known as yet. 
EtymologyThe specific name is from the Pitjantjatjara language (Goddard 1996) from the roots puli, rock, or rocky hill, and the suffix -ngka meaning pertaining to, alluding to the habits of the species and its distribution, which is confined to the desert areas occupied by the speakers of Pitjantjatjara and related dialects. Specific name would not change with gender of the genus. 
  • Ellis, Ryan J.; Paul Doughty and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos and pygopods (Squamata: Gekkota: Carphodactylidae, Diplodactylidae, Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae) in the collection of the Western Australian Museum. Records of the Western Australian Museum 33: 051–094 - get paper here
  • HUTCHINSON, MARK N.; MARK J. SISTROM, STEPHEN C. DONNELLAN <br />& RHONDA G. HUTCHINSON 2014. Taxonomic revision of the Australian arid zone lizards Gehyra variegata and G. montium (Squamata, Gekkonidae) with description of three new species. Zootaxa 3814 (2): 221–241 - get paper here
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