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Geoemyda spengleri (GMELIN, 1789)

IUCN Red List - Geoemyda spengleri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Black-breasted Leaf Turtle
G: Spenglers Zacken-Erdschildkröte
Chinese: 地龟 
SynonymTestudo spengleri GMELIN in LINNAEUS 1789
Testudo tricarinata BORY 1804: 308
Geoemyda spengleri — GRAY 1834: 100
Emys Spengleri — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 307
Geomyda tricarinata — BLYTH 1856: 714 (in error)
Nicoria spengleri — BOULENGER 1889: 120
Geoemyda spengleri — STEJNEGER 1907: 501
Geoemyda spengleri sinensis FAN 1931
Geoemyda spengleri spengleri — POPE 1934
Geoemyda spengleri spengleri — MANTHEY 1983
Geoemyda spengleri — XIANGKUI 1994
Geoemyda spengleri — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 446
Geoemyda spengleri — TTWG 2014 
DistributionS China (from Kwangsi, Kwangtung, Guangdong, Hainan Island), Vietnam, Laos

Type locality: unknown (fide KING & BURKE 1989)  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide NGUYEN et al. 2009) 
Diagnosis 
CommentDistribution: The species has been reported from Sumatra and Borneo but its presence there is uncertain, see de Rooij (1915: 298); (Smith 1931:90); Stejneger (1907:501); Bourret (1941:153); and Pope (1935:35) [after KING & BURKE 1989]. Not in Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo) fide TTWG 2014: 378.

Subspecies: Yasukawa et al (1992) raised Geoemyda spengleri japonica to full species status.

Type species: Testudo spengleri GMELIN in LINNAEUS 1789 is the type species of the genus Geoemyda GRAY 1834: 100. 
EtymologyNamed after Lorentz Spengler (1720-1807), intendant of the Royal “Kunstkammer” in Copenhagen from whom Wahlbaum received a shell of this species. Spengler was a conchologist of note. 
References
  • Anonymous 2016. Testudinate China [in both English and Chinese] Testudinate Industry Branch of the China Fishery Association, published on occasion of WCH8; author not explicitly stated, 54 pp.
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  • Blyth, E. 1856. Report for october meeting, 1855. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 24: 711 - 723 [1855] - get paper here
  • Bory de Saint-Vincent, J. B. G. M. 1804. Voyage dans les quatre principales îles des mers d'Afrique, II. F. Buisson, Paris - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the chelonians, rhynchocephalians, and crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
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  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
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  • Gad, J. 1994. Die Ultrastruktur der Eischalen von Geoemyda spengleri, lndotestudo elongata und Sacalia bealei (Testudines). Salamandra 30 (4): 277-280 - get paper here
  • Gad, J. 1998. Beobachtungen zum Paarungsverhalten von Geoemyda spengleri. Salamandra 34 (4): 323-332 - get paper here
  • Gmelin, J.F. 1789. Caroli a Linné Systema naturae. 13. ed., Tom 1 Pars 3. G. E. Beer, Lipsiae. 1033-1516 pp. - get paper here
  • Gong, Shiping, Haitao Shi; Mo, Y.; Auer, M.; Vargas-Ramírez, M.; Hundsdörfer, A.K. & Fritz, U. 2009. Phylogeography of the endangered black-breasted leaf turtle (Geoemyda spengleri) and conservation implications for other chelonians. Amphibia-Reptilia 30: 57-62 - get paper here
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  • Pham, Van Thong 2021. Das Bach Ma Herpetology Rescue Center: Planung für eine neue Amphibien- und Reptilienauffangsta- tion in Zentralvietnam Elaphe 2021 (1): 7-9 [published online Dec 2020]
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