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Geophis latifrontalis GARMAN, 1883

IUCN Red List - Geophis latifrontalis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesGeophis latifrontalis latifrontalis GARMAN 1883
Geophis latifrontalis semiannulatus SMITH 1941 
Common NamesE: Potosí Earth Snake
S: Minadora de San Luis Potosí 
SynonymGeophis latifrontalis GARMAN 1883
Atractus latifrontalis — COPE 1896: 1023
Geophis latifrontalis — LINER 1994
Geophis latifrontalis — WILSON & TOWNSEND 2007: 13
Geophis latifrontalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 303

Geophis latifrontalis semiannulatus SMITH 1941
Geophis semiannulatus SMITH 1941
Geophis semiannulatus — MARTIN 1958
Geophis semiannulatus — DOWNS 1967
Geophis latifrontalis semiannulatus — DIXON & THOMAS 1974
Geophis semiannulatus — VITE-SILVA et al. 2010 
DistributionMexico (Hidalgo, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, and Tamaulipas, Mexico, 1100– 2600 m elevation.)

semiannulatus: Mexico (Colima ?, Hidalgo, Tamaulipas)

latifrontalis: Mexico (San Luis Potosi); Type locality: From “fifty miles south of San Luis Potosi, Mexico.”  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 4538, an adult female, Museum of Comparative Zoology, collected by E. Palmer.
Holotype: MCZ 11422 [semiannulatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Downs 1967: 102

Coloration: Downs 1967: 103 
EtymologyThe generic name is derived from the Greek words ge(o), meaning "earth" and ophis, meaning "snake." The specific epithet is derived from the Latin words lati, meaning “broad” and -frons, meaning “fore part of anything" (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Dixon, James R.;Thomas, Robert A. 1974. A dichromatic population of the snake, Geophis latifrontalis, with comments on the status of Geophis semiannulatus. Journal of Herpetology 8 (3): 271-273 - get paper here
  • Downs, F. L. 1967. lntrageneric relations among colubrid snakes of the genus Geophis Wagler. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 131: 1-193. - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, David R. Aguillón-Gutiérrez, Sharon Yedid Valdez-Rentería, Juan Alfonso Hernández-Melo, Cristian Raùl Olvera Olvera, Francisco Javier Callejas-Jiménez, Melisa Hernández-Ramos, José Carlos Iturbe-Morgado, Ferdinand Torres- 2016. First records for amphibians and reptiles from the municipality of Atotonilco el Grande, Hidalgo, México. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 91-93 - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo & Irene Goyenechea-Mayer Goyenechea 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del valle del Mezquital, Hidalgo, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 705- 712
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo; Norma Leticia Manríquez-Morán; Jesús Martín Castillo-Cerón & Irene Goyenechea 2016. Análisis herpetofaunístico de la zona árida del estado de Hidalgo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 156–170 - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The North American reptiles and batrachians. A list of the species occuring north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, with references. Bull. Essex Inst. 16: 1-46 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1942. A note on two Mexican species of Geophis. Copeia 1942 (4): 259 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1941. A new Geophis from Mexico. Proc. New England zool. Club 18: 49-55 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David;Auth, David L. 1998. A new apparent chromotype of the Potosí earth snake (Geophis l. latifrontalis). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 33 (1): 8 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Vite-Silva, Victor D.; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista y Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2010. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México Diversity of amphibians and reptiles from the Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphera Reserve in Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 473- 485 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WILSON, L.D. & J.H. TOWNSEND 2007. A checklist and key to the snakes of the genus Geophis (Squamata: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), with commentary on distribution and conservation. Zootaxa 1395: 1-31 - get paper here
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