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Gerrhosaurus flavigularis WIEGMANN, 1828

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Higher TaxaGerrhosauridae (Gerrhosaurinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Yellow-throated Plated Lizard
G: Gelbkehl-Schildechse 
SynonymGerrhosaurus flavigularis WIEGMANN 1828: 378
Gerrhosaurus ocellatus COCTEAU 1834
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis — COCTEAU 1834
Pleuortuchus [sic] desjardinii SMITH 1836: 143
Pleuortuchus [sic] chrysobronchus SMITH 1836: 144
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 379
Gerrhosaurus bibroni SMITH 1844
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis var. quadrilineata BOETTGER 1883
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis flavigularis — LOVERIDGE 1942
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis fitzsimonsi LOVERIDGE 1942
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis — AUERBACH 1987: 120
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis fitzsimonsi — LANZA 1988
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis flavigularis — BOYCOTT 1992
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2006: 43
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis — BATES et al. 2013
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis — BATES et al. 2014: 228
Gerrhosaurus flavigularus — JORDAAN et al. 2020 (in error) 
DistributionMalawi, Mozambique, N Zambia, Republic of South Africa (Eastern Cape etc.), Swaziland, O-Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), Republic of South Sudan (RSS), Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Republic of South Sudan (RSS), Botswana, Namibia

fitzsimonsi: Somalia

Type locality: “Africa merid. Krebs” = South Africa.  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 1140-1141
Holotype: MCZ 41280 [fitzsimonsi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The monophyly of Gerrhosaurus is established on the basis of a suite of nuclear and mitochondrial genetic characters (see above). These moderate-sized lizards are fairly well armoured and the head and body may be cylindrical, cyclotetragonal or slightly depressed; differentiated from the genera Broadleysaurus and Matobosaurus by its smaller size (maximum SVL 213 mm compared to 245 mm and 285 mm respectively for the latter two genera) and less robust appearance; most species of Gerrhosaurus have only eight ventral scale rows longitudinally (but 10 in G. typicus), whereas Broadleysaurus has 9–10 and Matobosaurus has 12–20; it also differs from Broadleysaurus by having 49–67 versus 31–38 transverse dorsal scale rows (Loveridge 1942; FitzSimons 1943, 1953; De Witte 1953; Laurent 1954, 1964; Broadley 1966; De Waal 1978; Jacobsen 1989) [BATES et al. 2013].
CommentSynonymy: BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991 and BRANCH 1998 list Gerrhosaurus flavigularis fitzsimonsi as a synonym of Gerrhosaurus flavigularis.

Type species: Gerrhosaurus flavigularis WIEGMANN 1828 is the type species of the genus Gerrhosaurus WIEGMANN 1828. 
EtymologyNamed after its yellow throat (Latin “flavus = yellow, Latin “gula” = throat). 
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