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Glaphyromorphus nigricaudis (MACLEAY, 1877)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Black-tailed Bar-lipped Skink 
SynonymHinulia atrocostata MACLEAY 1877 (non Scincus atrocostata LESSON 1830)
Mocoa nigricaudis MACLEAY 1877: 63
Lygosoma (Hinulia) elegantulum PETERS & DORIA 1878: 344
Lygosoma elegantulum — BOULENGER 1895: 29
Lygosoma (Hinulia) elegantulum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 182
Lygosoma (Homolepida) wirzi ROUX 1919: 349 (fide SHEA & GREER 1999)
Sphenomorphus nigricaudis — COPLAND 1946
Sphenomorphus nigricaudis — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus wirzi — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus solomonis wirzi — KRAMER 1979
Sphenomorphus nigricaudis — COGGER 1983
Glaphyromorphus nigricaudis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Glaphyromorphus nigricaudis — COGGER 2000: 496
Glaphyromorphus nigricaudis — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Queensland), S Papua New Guinea, Indonesia (Irian Jaya)

Type locality: Darnley Island  
Reproductionovovivparous and oviparous (Wilson & Swan 2003) 
TypesLectotype: AMS R31840 (fide Shea & Sadlier 1999: 42); Syntypes: originally Macleay Museum; Lectotype: MAMU = MR 378, designated by COPLAND 1946;
Holotype: NMBA = NHMB [wirzi]
Syntype: MSNG 27864 [elegantulum] 
CommentSynonymy: ROUX 1925 also described Mabuya wirzi from Nias, apparently different from this species, with unknown status now (listed by KRAMER 1979)

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014)

Description (elegantulum): de Rooij 1915: 182. 
  • Blackburn, Daniel G. 1999. Are Viviparity and Egg-guarding Evolutionarily Labile in Squamates? Herpetologica 55 (4): 556-573 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Capocaccia, L. 1961. Catalogo dei tipi di Rettili del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova [MSNG]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria 72: 86-111 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Copland, S.J. 1946. Catalogue of reptiles in the Macleay Museum. Part I. Sphenomorphus pardalis pardalis (Macleay) and Sphenomorphus nigricaudis nigricaudis (Macleay). Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 291-311 - get paper here
  • Copland, Stephen J. 1950. Nomenclature and type specimens of two species of Sphenomorphus (Sauria: Scincidae). Copeia 1950 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J. & PATRICK J. COUPER 2014. Two new skinks (Scincidae: Glaphyromorphus) from rainforest habitats in north-eastern Australia. Zootaxa 3869 (1): 001–016 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. [type catalogue] Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig and G. Doria. 1878. Catalogo dei retilli e dei batraci raccolti da O. Beccari, L. M. D'Alberts e A. A. Bruijn. nella sotto-regione Austro-Malese. Annali del Museo Civico de Storia Naturale di Genova. ser. 1, 13: 323-450 - get paper here
  • Roux, Jean 1919. Note sur quelques reptiles provenant de la Nouvelle-Guinée. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 27: 347-351 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer. 1999. The identity of two little-known skinks from New Guinea, Sphenomorphus wirzi (Roux, 1919) and Sphenomorphus comtus (Roux, 1927). Journal of Herpetology 33 (3): 507-511 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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