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Gloydius changdaoensis LI, 1999

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesChinese: 庙岛蝮 
SynonymGloydius saxatilis changdaoensis LI 1999
Gloydius lijianlii JIANG & ZHAO 2009
Gloydius lijianlii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 311
Gloydius changdaoensis — SHI et al. 20216
Gloydius changdaoensis — ASADI et al. 2019 
DistributionChina (Daheishan Is., Changdao County; Zifu Peninsula and Jia Is., Yantai City, Shandong Province)

Type locality: Daheishan Island, Changdao County, Shandong Province, China.

lijianlii (invalid): China (N coast Shandong peninsula); Type locality: Daheishan Island (37°58'N, 121°35'E; elevation 174 m  
TypesSyntypes: ZIAS 9456, 13291–92 (Vladivostok) and ZIAS 13308 (Suchan); of the many specimens listed in the original description (Emelianov, 1937:27 and Tables 1-3), only two are consistent with the type locality as given in his English summary: Table II, No. 17, D(al'nii). V(ostok). (= Far East U(niversitet)., r. Suchan, 8 VIII 1927, (coIl.) Gasovskii, and Table III, No.7, Zoological Cabinet. GDU, vic. Vladivostok, 30 IX 1927, (coIl.) A. A. Emelianov. Gloyd and Conant (1990:358) seemingly were unsure of which specimens were part of type series.
Holotype: DLNM (?), Natural History Museum of Snake Island, Dalian.
Holotype: CIB 095886 [lijianlii] 
CommentConservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016).

Synonymy: Simonov et al. 2017 suggested (in an SEH conference abstract) to synonymize Gloydius lijianlii with G. changdaoensis, which was reiterated by Asadi et al. 2019 (without further support). Hence the validity of Gloydius lijianlii is uncertain at this point. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Asadi, Atefeh; Claudine Montgelard, Masoud Nazarizadeh, Akram Moghaddasi, Faezeh Fatemizadeh, evgeniy simonov, Haji Gholi Kami & Mohammad Kaboli 2019. Evolutionary history and postglacial colonization of an Asian pit viper (Gloydius halys caucasicus) into transcaucasia revealed by phylogenetic and phylogeographic analyses. Scientific Reports 9:1224 - get paper here
  • Jiang & Zhao 2009. Gloydius lijianlii, a new species from the northern coastal islands along Shandong peninsula (Reptilia, Squamata, Viperidae). [in Chinese]. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 34(3): 642-646
  • Li, J.L. 1999. Infraspecific classification of two species of Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 24(4), Oct 1999:454-460
  • Maritz, Bryan; Johannes Penner, Marcio Martins, Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailović, Stephen Spear, Laura R.V. Alencar, Jesús Sigala-Rodriguez, Kevin Messenger, Rulon W. Clark, Pritpal Soorae, Luca Luiselli, Chris Jenkins, Harry W. Greene 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.004 - get paper here
  • Shi, J., Yang, D., Zhang, W. & Ding, L. 2016. Distribution and infraspecies taxonomy of Gloydius halys-Gloydius intermedius complex in China (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Chinese J. Zool. 51: 777–798
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
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