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Gloydius strauchi (BEDRIAGA, 1912)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Strauch’s pitviper
Chinese: 高原蝮 
SynonymAncistrodon strauchi BEDRIAGA 1912: 728
Agkistrodon tibetanus BARBOUR 1912: 133
Agkistrodon strauchi STEJNEGER 1925
Ancistrodon halys strauchi — PAVLOV 1932: 24
Ancistrodon halys strauchi — RENDAHL 1933: 21
Agkistrodon strauchi — WELCH 1994: 13
Gloydius strauchi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 308
Gloydius strauchi — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Gloydius strauchi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 311 
DistributionChina (E Xizang = Tibet and Qinghai east to Ningxia and S Shaanxi), NW Sichuan)

Type locality: Daudsen-Lu (=Ta-Tsian-Lu), Sichuan Province, China (designated by ORLOV & BARABANOV 2000)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZISP (ZIL) 7046 (Dytschu), ZIL 8533 (Tung-o-Io), and ZIL 8534.
Holotype: MCZ 7327 [strauchi] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Agkistrodon halys qinlingensis SONG & CHEN 1985 has been removed from the synonymy of G. strauchi by Shi et al. 2017 and several previous authors. 
EtymologyNamed after Alexander Strauch (1832-1893), Russian zoologist. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1912. Some Chinese Vertebrates: Amphibia and Reptilia. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 40 (4): 125-136 - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, J.V. 1909. Amphibien und Reptilien. In: Wissenschaftliche Resultate der Reisen N.M. Przewalskijs durch Zentralasien. Zoologische Teil. Band 3. Part 1. Lacertilia. (in Russian). Sankt-Petersburg, Vol 3 (1) 3: 73-102, 367
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • David, P. & Vogel, G. 2015. An updated list of Asian pitvipers and a selection of recent publications, in: Visser: Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 571pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Zhang, F.J. & Chen, Y.Y. 1999. The Hemipenes of Chinese Species of Deinagkistrodon and Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotaiinae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 38-42 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, Sylvia 2020. A New Record of Gloydius strauchi (Viperidae, Crotalinae) from Dêgê County, NW Sichuan, China and symptoms of that species’ bite. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (2): 113-122 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orlov, Nicolai L. and Andrei V. Barabanov 2000. About type localities for some species of the genus Gloydius Hoge et Romano-Hoge, 1981 (Crotalinae: Viperidae: Serpentes). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (2): 159-160 - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Pavlov, Peter A. 1932. The Manchurian Reptilia and Amphibia ba~d upon collections stored in the M.R.S. Museum. Misc. Pap. Manchuria Res. Soc., Nat. Hist. Sect., Harbin, ser. A, 13: (1), 1-22 [1926]
  • Rendahl, Hialmar 1933. Die Unterarten des Ancistrodon halys Pall. nebst elnigen Bemerkungen zur Herpetologie Zentralasiens. Arkiv för Zoologi 25 (8): 1-31
  • Shi, Jingsong; Diancheng Yang, Wuyuan Zhang, Lifang Peng, Nikolai L. Orlov, Fan Jiang, Li Ding, Mian Hou, Xinlei Huang, Song Huang, Pipeng Li 2018. A New Species of the Gloydius strauchi Complex (Crotalinae: Viperidae: Serpentes) from Qinghai, Sichuan, and Gansu, China. Russ. J. Herpetol. 25 (2): 126-138 - get paper here
  • Shi, Jingsong; Gang Wang; Xi’er Chen; Yihao Fang; Li Ding; Song Huang; Mian Hou, Jun Liu, and Pipeng Li 2017. A new moth-preying alpine pit viper species from Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (Viperidae, Crotalinae). Amphibia-Reptilia, 38 (4): 517 – 532;<br />DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00003134 - get paper here
  • Song,M.T. & Chen, F.G. 1985. A new subspecies of pit-viper from Mt. Qin Ling. Anim. Mondo 2: 99-103
  • Stejneger, L. 1925. Chinese amphibians and reptiles in the United States National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 66 (25): 1-115. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Wenjie Dong, Ke Jiang, Jingsong Shi, Cameron D. Siler and Jing Che 2019. A New Species of Plateau Pit Viper (Reptilia: Serpentes: Gloydius) from the Upper Lancang (= Mekong) Valley in the Hengduan Mountain Region, Tibet, China. Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 224-236 - get paper here
  • Wang, Xiang-jun; Zhao, Er-mi. 2006. A preliminary taxonomic status of Gloydius qinlingensis and G. liupanensis. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 25 (2):210-213. [In Chinese] - get paper here
  • XU, Yan; Qin LIU, Edward A MYERS, , Lian WANG, Song HUANG, Yun HE,Peihao PENG and Peng GUO 2012. Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 127–132 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
 
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