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Gonatodes annularis BOULENGER, 1887

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Annulated Gecko
Portuguese: Briba, Lagartixa, Osga 
SynonymGonatodes annularis BOULENGER 1887: 154
Gonatodes annularis — BOULENGER 1887: 481
Gonatodes boonii LIDTH DE JEUDE 1904: 87
Gonatodes beebei NOBLE 1923: 301
Gonatodes annularis — VANZOLINI 1955: 122
Gonatodes beebei — VANZOLINI 1955: 122
Gonatodes boonii — VANZOLINI 1955: 122
Gonatodes annularis — WERMUTH 1965: 42
Gonatodes beebei — WERMUTH 1965: 43
Gonatodes boonii — WERMUTH 1965: 43
Gonatodes annularis — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Gonatodes annularis — AVILA-PIRES et al. 2007 
DistributionAntilles, E Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil (Amapa, Pará, Amazonas)

Type locality: Maccasseema on Pomeroon River, British Guyana.  
TypesSyntypes BMNH 1946.8.22.97−98
Holotype: RMNH 4462, type-locality: Coppename river basin, Suriname [Gonatodes boonii]
Holotype: AMNH 21251, type-locality: “Kartabo, British Guiana” [Gonatodes beebei] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Gonatodes with proximal subdigital lamellae narrower than digits, in total 24-30 under fourth toe. Three or four lateral rows of scales on distal part of fingers and toes. Tail ventrally with moderately enlarged midventrals, tending to a repetitive sequence of two single midventrals (one after the other), each in contact with one latero-distal scale per side, followed by a divided midventral in contact with two latero-distal scales per side. Scales around midbody 90-99. Ventrals 41-49. Males in life usually with head and anterior part of body vividly covered with yellow spots (light spots in preserved specimens); in some specimens such spotsare missing; iris blue. 
CommentBehavior: mainly diurnal

Distribution: not in Panama fide Lotzkat (pers. comm. 23 Dec 2015, Jaramillo et al. 2010). 
EtymologyNamed after the diminutive form (“annul-”) of Latin “anus” = ring. 
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S.; Hoogmoed, M.S. & Vitt, L.J. 2007. Herpetofauna da Amazônia. Herpetologia no Brasil, pp. 13-43
  • Barrio-Amorós, C.L. 2010. GONATODES - Los Geckos diurnos de Venezuela. RioVerde 2010; 43-50
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. On a new geckoid lizard from British Guiana. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1887: 153-154. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Cole, C.J. & Kok, P.J. 2006. New Species of Gekkonid Lizard (Sphaerodactylinae: Gonatodes) from Guyana, South America. American Museum Novitates (3524): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Costa-Anaissi, Jéssica; Carlos Eduardo Costa-Campos 2021. Tail displays of the diurnal annulated gecko Gonatodes annularis (Boulenger, 1887). Herpetology Notes 14: 475-477 - get paper here
  • Gamble, Tony; Andrew M. Simons, Guarino R. Colli and Laurie J. Vitt 2008. Tertiary climate change and the diversification of the Amazonian gecko genus Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (1): 269-277 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hluschi, D. 2009. Gonatodes - die unbekannten Juwelen der Neotropis. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (78): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Guilherme Nunes Ferreira; Michela Rossane Cavilha Scupino (eds.) 2018. Herpetofauna da Amazônia Central: Estudos na FLONA de Saracá-Taquera. Curitiba, Pr: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas, Pa: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A., 2018.<br />210p. - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K. 1923. New lizards from the Tropical Research Station British Guiana. Zoologica 3: 301—305 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae. Zootaxa 3981 (1): 001–055 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • Rivas, G.A. & Schargel, W.E. 2008. Gecko on the rocks: an enigmatic new species of Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae) from Inselbergs of the Venezuelan Guayana. Zootaxa 1925: 39–50 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rivas-Fuenmayor, Gilson and Cesar R. Molina 2004. Field Observations of the Lizard Gonatodes annularis Boulenger, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Venezuela. Gekko 4 (1): 2-5
  • Rivero-Blanco, C. 1968. Un género y dos especies de Tuqueques (Sauria: Sphaerodactylinae) citados por primera vez para Venezuela, con notas sobre la distribución de otras especies poco conocidas. Mem. Soc. Cien. Nat. LaSalle (Caracas) 27 [1967]: 103-119.
  • SCHARGEL, WALTER E.; GILSON A.RIVAS,ROBERT MAKOWSKY,J.CELSA SEÑARIS,MARCO A. NATERA, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR R. MOLINA & CÉSAR L. BARRIO-AMORÓS 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of the genus Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) in the Guayana region, with description of a new species from Venezuela. Systematics and Biodiversity 8 (3): 321–339 - get paper here
  • Señaris, Josefa Celsa; Gilson Rivas y César Molina 2009. Capitulo 4: Anfibios y Reptiles del Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela In: Señaris, J. C., D. Lew y C. Lasso. 2009. Biodiversidad del Parque Nacional Canaima: bases técnicas para la conservación de la guayana venezolana. Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales y The nature Conservancy, Caracas, 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Vanzolini,P.E. 1955. Sóbre Gonatodes varius (Auguste Dumeril), com notas sóbre outras espécies do género (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 12: 119-132 - get paper here
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