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Gonocephalus kuhlii SCHLEGEL, 1851

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLophyrus kuhlii H. BOIE in SCHLEGEL 1826 (nomen nudum)
Lophyrus kuhlii SCHLEGEL 1851
Gonyocephalus kuhli — BOULENGER 1885: 286
Gonyocephalus kuhli — DE ROOIJ 1915: 101
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY & DENZER 1993
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 185
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 61
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY 2010 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra, Java)

Type locality: Java and Sumatra  
DiagnosisDescription: Snout about as long as the diameter of the orbit; canthus rostralis sharp; supraciliary borders strongly raised, angular posteriorly; tympanum a little smaller than the eye-opening. Head-scales small, unequal, keeled; a few enlarged tubercles round the ear-opening; eleven to thirteen upper and lower labials. Gular sac moderate, with a serrated anterior edge and covered with small keeled scales. Body compressed; nuchal and dorsal crests continuous, former beginning at the occiput and composed of triangular scales as long as the diameter of the eye-opening, with two rows of keeled smaller ones at the base; dorsal crest much lower. Dorsal scales small, smooth, the points directed upwards, with irregularly scattered enlarged ones; ventral scales larger, keeled. Tail compressed, with a serrated upper edge and covered with feebly keeled scales, the inferior largest and strongly keeled; its length one time and three fourths the length of head and body. Limbs long, slender, the hind limb reaches the eye; scales of limbs unequal, keeled; third and fourth fingers equal (de Rooij 1915: 101).

Coloration: Olive-brown or greenish-brown above, with dark transverse bands; dark brown streaks radiating from the eye, a broad blackish band from the eye, through the ear to the shoulder, bordered above by a light streak. Limbs with dark bands; tail with dark and light annuli. Lower parts yellowish-brown, spotted with black; gular sac bluish, with yellowish lines. Young specimens have dark oblique lines on the throat and the gular fold black (de Rooij 1915: 101).

Size: Length of head and body 98 mm; tail 160 mm (de Rooij 1915: 101). 
CommentSynonymy: BARBOUR 1912 synonymized G. kuhlii with Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus, a position that was also supported by Kopstein 1932. However, Manthey & Denzer 1993 confirmed the validity of G. kuhlii. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Heinrich Kuhl (1797-1821), a German ornithologist who was an assistant to Conrad Jacob Temminck. He also worked with Johan Conrad van Hasselt in Java before dying in Buitenzorg of a tropical disease. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1912. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the East Indian Islands. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (1): 1-203 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & DENZER, W. 1993. Die Echten Winkelkopfagamen der Gattung Gonocephalus KAUP (Sauria: Agamidae) VI. Die chamaeleontinus-Gruppe. Sauria 15 (2): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • MEGANTARA, E. N., JAUHAN, J., SHANIDA, S. S., HUSODO, T., FAUZI, D. A., HENDRAWAN, R., WULANDARI, I. & YUANSAH, Y. 2022. Herpetofauna distribution in different land cover types of West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(6) - get paper here
  • Qodri, A., Utama, I. V., Ferdian, P. R., Dwijayanti, E., Rusdianto, R., Yohanna, Y., ... & Encilia, E. 2020. CHECKLIST ON FAUNA DIVERSITY GUNUNG HALIMUN SALAK NATIONAL PARK: Cikaniki-Citalahab. ZOO INDONESIA, 29(2): 103-150 - get paper here
  • Schlegel,H. 1851. Descriptions de plusieurs expèces nouvelles du genre Lophyrus. Bijdr. Dierk. (Amsterdam) 3 (1): 4-6 - get paper here
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