Gonocephalus kuhlii SCHLEGEL, 1851
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Gonocephalus kuhlii?
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Lophyrus kuhlii H. BOIE in SCHLEGEL 1826 (nomen nudum)|
Lophyrus kuhlii SCHLEGEL 1851
Gonyocephalus kuhli — BOULENGER 1885: 286
Gonyocephalus kuhli — DE ROOIJ 1915: 101
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY & DENZER 1993
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 185
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 61
Gonocephalus kuhlii — MANTHEY 2010
|Distribution||Indonesia (Sumatra, Java)|
Type locality: Java and Sumatra
|Diagnosis||Description: Snout about as long as the diameter of the orbit; canthus rostralis sharp; supraciliary borders strongly raised, angular posteriorly; tympanum a little smaller than the eye-opening. Head-scales small, unequal, keeled; a few enlarged tubercles round the ear-opening; eleven to thirteen upper and lower labials. Gular sac moderate, with a serrated anterior edge and covered with small keeled scales. Body compressed; nuchal and dorsal crests continuous, former beginning at the occiput and composed of triangular scales as long as the diameter of the eye-opening, with two rows of keeled smaller ones at the base; dorsal crest much lower. Dorsal scales small, smooth, the points directed upwards, with irregularly scattered enlarged ones; ventral scales larger, keeled. Tail compressed, with a serrated upper edge and covered with feebly keeled scales, the inferior largest and strongly keeled; its length one time and three fourths the length of head and body. Limbs long, slender, the hind limb reaches the eye; scales of limbs unequal, keeled; third and fourth fingers equal (de Rooij 1915: 101).|
Coloration: Olive-brown or greenish-brown above, with dark transverse bands; dark brown streaks radiating from the eye, a broad blackish band from the eye, through the ear to the shoulder, bordered above by a light streak. Limbs with dark bands; tail with dark and light annuli. Lower parts yellowish-brown, spotted with black; gular sac bluish, with yellowish lines. Young specimens have dark oblique lines on the throat and the gular fold black (de Rooij 1915: 101).
Size: Length of head and body 98 mm; tail 160 mm (de Rooij 1915: 101).
|Comment||Synonymy: BARBOUR 1912 synonymized G. kuhlii with Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus, a position that was also supported by Kopstein 1932. However, Manthey & Denzer 1993 confirmed the validity of G. kuhlii.|
|Etymology||Named after Dr. Heinrich Kuhl (1797-1821), a German ornithologist who was an assistant to Conrad Jacob Temminck. He also worked with Johan Conrad van Hasselt in Java before dying in Buitenzorg of a tropical disease.|
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